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Organizational Project Management

Theory and Implementation

Ralf Müller, Nathalie Drouin and Shankar Sankaran

This concise text introduces an integrated view of all project management-related activities in an organization, called Organizational Project Management (OPM). Practical cases from several organizations, as well as popular theories such as the Resource-Based Theory and Institutional Theory provide for an insightful yet realistic understanding of OPM as an integrative tool for organizations to improve their efficiency and effectiveness.
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Chapter 2: Organizational philosophy

Ralf Müller, Nathalie Drouin and Shankar Sankaran


This chapter describes the philosophical foundation of organizations using their way of interacting in the market. Its philosophy indicates the organization’s understanding of its business or purpose and how it is going to legitimize its interaction in the marketplace or community and interact with its partners, suppliers, customers and society. Three distinct philosophies are presented: 1) project-based organizations (PBOs), where all work is carried out as projects; 2) project-oriented organizations (POOs), where work is carried out in projects, even though it could be done as a process; and 3) process-oriented organizations (ProcOOs), where all work is done in a production or service process. The implications of each of these philosophies for the strategies of organizations and organizational design, especially that for organizational project management (OPM), are discussed.

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