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Gender Inequality and Welfare States in Europe

Mary Daly

Gender equality has been one of the defining projects of European welfarestates. It has proven an elusive goal, not just because of political opposition but also due to a lack of clarity in how to best frame equality and take account of family-related considerations. This wide-ranging book assembles the most pertinent literature and evidence to provide a critical understanding of how contemporary state policies engage with gender inequalities.
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Chapter 3: Income, wealth and poverty

Mary Daly


This chapter focuses on money and financial well-being as a domain of economic inequality. The chapter first considers the evidence yielded by the overview index of financial inequality by gender compiled on behalf of the EU to assess progress on gender equality. Next, inequalities in women’s and men’s financial resources are examined in greater depth, looking first at wealth before going on to consider financial (in)security through the lens of poverty rates. Having examined the relative distribution of economic resources and related income risks in the first parts of the chapter, the next goes on to identify how access to welfare state benefits is associated with the identified income-related outcomes. Pensions are taken as a case study here.

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