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Gender Inequality and Welfare States in Europe

Mary Daly

Gender equality has been one of the defining projects of European welfarestates. It has proven an elusive goal, not just because of political opposition but also due to a lack of clarity in how to best frame equality and take account of family-related considerations. This wide-ranging book assembles the most pertinent literature and evidence to provide a critical understanding of how contemporary state policies engage with gender inequalities.
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Chapter 5: Inequalities of time use and life satisfaction

Mary Daly


This chapter turns to the third resource – time – and reviews how paid and unpaid work are distributed and organized, both collectively and individually. The chapter also considers some of the concomitants and consequences associated with the distribution of time, especially in regard to the attitudes that people hold about the appropriate gender distribution of family-related tasks and responsibilities, and also systematic variations in life satisfaction by gender and other factors. The chapter is guided by two main research questions: What is the nature of the gender divide in paid and unpaid time and how has this changed? How are these patterns related to attitudes and culture? As with the two preceding chapters, the focus is on explicating the status quo and identifying patterns over time.

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