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The European Union and the Geopolitics of the Arctic

Andreas Raspotnik

The Arctic is a region that has seen exponential growth as a space of geopolitical interest over the past decade. This insightful book is the first to analyse the European Union’s Arctic policy endeavours of the early 21st Century from a critical geopolitical perspective.
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Abbreviations

Andreas Raspotnik

A5Arctic Five
A8Arctic Eight
ACArctic Council
AEPSArctic Environmental Protection Strategy
bboeBillion barrels of oil equivalents
BEACBarents Euro-Arctic Council
CARACircum-Arctic Resource Appraisal
CFPCommon Fisheries Policy of the European Union
CLCSCommission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf
COPConference of the Parties
CSContinental Shelf
DGDirectorate-General
DG CLIMADirectorate-General for Climate Action
DG MAREDirectorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
DG RELEXDirectorate-General for External Relations
EEAEuropean Economic Area
EEASEuropean External Action Service
EECEuropean Economic Community
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
ENPEuropean Neighbourhood Policy
EPEuropean Parliament
ERDFEuropean Regional Development Fund
ESSEuropean Security Strategy
ETCEuropean Territorial Cooperation
EUEuropean Union
EUAICEuropean Union Arctic Information Centre
EUMSSEuropean Union Maritime Security Strategy
FP5Fifth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (1998–2002)
FP6Sixth Framework Programme (2002–6)
FP7Seventh Framework Programme (2007–13)
FPAFisheries Partnership Agreement (European Union–Greenland)
GMESGlobal Monitoring for Environment and Security
GNSSGlobal navigation satellite systems
GPSGlobal Positioning System
HRHigh Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
ICCInuit Circumpolar Conference
IMOInternational Maritime Organization
IMPIntegrated Maritime Policy
IPCCIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPOsIndigenous peoples’ organisations
IRInternational Relations
LNGLiquefied natural gas
LOS ConventionLaw of the Sea Convention
MEPMember of the European Parliament
NCNordic Council
NCMNordic Council of Ministers
NDNorthern Dimension
NEPNortheast Passage
NMNautical Mile
NSRNorthern Sea Route
NWPNorthwest Passage
OCTOverseas Countries and Territories
PAPartnership Agreement (European Union–Greenland)
POPsPersistent Organic Pollutants
RFMORegional fisheries management organisations
TEUTreaty on European Union
TFEUTreaty on the Functioning of the European Union
TSRTranspolar Sea Route
UNFCCCUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
USGSUnited States Geological Survey
USSRUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics
U.S.United States