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Workers, Collectivism and the Law

Grappling with Democracy

Laura Carlson

Workers, Collectivism and the Law offers a captivating historical account of worker democracy, from its beginnings in European guild systems to present-day labor unions, across the national legal systems of Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. Analysing these legal systems in light of a Habermasian concept of participatory democracy, Laura Carlson identifies ways to strengthen individual employee voice in claims against employers.
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Bibliography

Laura Carlson

BOOKS

AXEL ADLERCREUTZ, ARBETSTAGARBEGREPPET (Gleerup 1964)

AXEL ADLERCREUTZ, KOLLEKTIV AVTALET—STUDIER ÖVER DESS TILLKOMSTHISTORIA (Gleerup 1954)

JEAN ALLAIN, THE LAW AND SLAVERY: PROHIBITING HUMAN EXPLOITATION (Brill 2015)

SUNE AMBROSIANI, FRÅN DE SVENSKA SKRÅÄMBETENAS DAGAR (Svenska teknologföreningens förlag 1920)

CATRIN ANDERSSON, STEFAN BOHMAN, KERSTIN DAVIDSON, TOMMY GRAHN, LARS LINDER, MARGARETA STÅHL & JOHAN SÖDERBERG, STREJK! EN BOK OM STREJKOR OCH STREJKVISOR FRÅN BAGARIARBETARSTREJKEN 1873 till Stortrejken 1909 (Börås 1974)

ANONYMOUS, A LOVER OF HIS COUNTRY, A SHORT ESSAY UPON TRADE IN GENERAL (London 1741)

HERBERT APPLEBAUM, THE CONCEPT OF WORK: ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN (SUNY 1992)

ROBIN ARCHER, WHY IS THERE NO LABOR PARTY IN THE UNITED STATES? (Princeton University Press 2007)

W.J. ASHLEY, SURVEYS HISTORIC AND ECONOMIC (London 1900)

CATHERINE BARNARD, EC EMPLOYMENT LAW (Oxford University Press 2000)

CATHERINE BARNARD, EU EMPLOYMENT LAW (4th ed. Oxford University Press 2012)

DETLEV W. BELLING, LEGAL PROTECTION AGAINST BREACHES OF DUTY ON THE PART OF THE GERMAN WORKS COUNCIL—A FATA MORGANA? (Springer 2000)

SVANTE BERGSTRÖM, KOLLEKTIVAVTALSLAGEN (2nd ed. Geber 1948)

BERTIL BJÖRKLUND, SVENSKA TYPOGRAF FÖRBUNDET STF—STUDIER RÖRANDE SVERIGES ÄLDSTA FACKFÖRBUND (Oskarshamn 1965)

ANTONY BLACK, GUILD & STATE—EUROPEAN POLITICAL THOUGHT FROM THE TWELFTH CENTURY TO THE PRESENT (Transaction Publishers 2003)

MARC BLOCH, FEUDAL SOCIETY (Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. 1961)

ALAN BOGG, THE DEMOCRATIC ASPECTS OF TRADE UNION RECOGNITION (Oxford University Press 2009)

KRISTINA BORÉUS, ANN IGHE, MARIA KARLSSON, & RIKARD WARLENIUS, ETT SEKEL AV SYNDICALISM, SVERIGES ARBETARES CENTRALORGANISATION 1910–2010 (Federativ förlag 2012)

KEITH BRADLEY & PAUL CARTLEDGE, THE CAMBRIDGE WORLD HISTORY OF SLAVERY (Cambridge University Press 2011)

LUJO BRENTANO, DIE ARBEITERGILDEN DER GEGENWART (Duncker & Humblot 1871)

LUJO BRENTANO, ON THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE GILDS AND THE ORIGIN OF TRADE-UNIONS (London 1870)

J. BREUILLY, LIBERALISM AND LABOUR IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY EUROPE (Manchester University Press 1992)

EDMUND BURKE, THOUGHTS ON THE CAUSE OF THE PRESENT DISCONTENT (Printed for J. Dodsley in the Pall-Mall, London 1770)

MICHAEL BURLEIGH, THE THIRD REICH: A NEW HISTORY (Hill & Wang 2001)

JAMES BURN, AN HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODDFELLOWS (Manchester 1845)

RICHARD BURN, SIR GEORGE CHETWYND, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE AND PARISH OFFICER VOLUME 4 (Straham 1820)

IAIN CAMERON, AN INTRODUCTION TO THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (7th ed. Iustus 2014)

ANTHONY CAREW, MICHEL DREYFUS, GEERT VAN GOETHEM, & REBECCA GUMBRELL-MCCORMICK (EDS.), THE INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS (Peter Lang 2000)

EDWARD P. CHEYNEY, AN INTRODUCTION TO THE INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF ENGLAND (New York 1916)

G.D.H. COLE, GUILD SOCIALISM (The Fabian Society 1920)

HUGH COLLINS, K.D. EWING, & AILEEN MCCOLGAN, LAW IN CONTEXT: LABOUR LAW (Cambridge University Press 2012)

JOHN R. COMMONS, ULRICH PHILLIPS, EUGENE GILMORE, HELEN SUMNER, & JOHN ANDREWS (EDS), A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY VOLUMES 1–10 (Cleveland 1910)

JOHN R. COMMONS, DAVID J. SAPOSS, HELEN L. SUMNER, E.B. MITTELMAN, H.E. HOAGLAND, JOHN B. ANDREWS, & SELIG PERLMAN, HISTORY OF LABOUR IN THE UNITED STATES, VOL. I (New York 1918)

K.P. COMPANJE, R.H.M. HENDRIKS, K.F.E. VERAGHTERT & B.E.M. WIDDERSHOVEN, TWO CENTURIES OF SOLIDARITY—GERMAN, BELGIAN AND DUTCH SOCIAL HEALTH CARE INSURANCE 1770–2008 (Aksant 2009)

MARGARET GAY DAVIES, THE ENFORCEMENT OF ENGLISH APPRENTICESHIP: A STUDY IN APPLIED MERCANTILISM 1563–1642 (Harvard University Press 1956)

SIMON DEAKIN & GILLIAN S. MORRIS, LABOUR LAW (6th ed. Oxford University Press 2012)

C.R. DOBSON, MASTERS AND JOURNEYMEN: A PREHISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 1717–1800 (Croom Helm 1980)

IAN DOOLITTLE, THE CITY OF LONDON AND ITS LIVERY COMPANIES—A HISTORY OF SURVIVAL (Guildhall Library Publications 2010)

ANTON DREXLER, MY POLITICAL AWAKENING (Preuss 1920)

MELVYN DUBOFSKY, WE SHALL BE ALL—A HISTORY OF THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD (Quadrangle Books 1969)

MELVYN DUBOFSKY & FOSTER RHEA DULLES, LABOR IN AMERICA: A HISTORY (8th ed. Wiley-Blackwell 2010)

JOHN DUNN, DEMOCRACY—A HISTORY (Penguin 2005)

STEN EDLUND, INGA HELLBERG, TORE MELIN, & BIRGITTA NYSTRÖM, KONFLIKTBEHANDLING PÅ ARBETSMARKNADEN (Arbetslivscentrum 1988)

NICOLE ELERT & CHRISTOPHER T. BROOKS, GERMAN EMPLOYMENT LAW (De Gruyter 2014)

PATRICK ELIAS & KEITH EWING, TRADE UNION DEMOCRACY— MEMBERS’ RIGHTS AND THE LAW (Mansell 1987)

STEVEN A. EPSTEIN, AN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY OF LATER MEDIEVAL EUROPE (Cambridge University Press 2009)

BERND ERLE & THOMAS SAUTER, KÖRPERSCHAFTSTEUERGESETZ: DIE BESTEUERUNG DER KAPITALGESELLSCHAFT UND IHRER ANTEILSEIGNER (3rd ed. C.F. Müller Verlag Heidelberg 2010)

JOSEPH V. FEMIA, MARXISM AND DEMOCRACY (Oxford University Press 1993)

JAMES S. FISHKIN, WHEN THE PEOPLE SPEAK—DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY AND PUBLIC CONSULTATION (Oxford University Press 2009)

BOEL FLODGREN, FACKFÖRENINGEN OCH RÄTTEN (Norstedts 1978)

FELIX FRANKFURTER & NATHAN GREENE, THE LABOR INJUNCTION (Macmillan Company 1930)

BERT FREDRIKSSON & ALF GUNNMO, VÅRA FACKLIGA ORGANISATIONER (Rabén & Sjögren 1976)

CAROLA M. FREGE, EMPLOYMENT RESEARCH AND STATE TRADITIONS: A COMPARATIVE HISTORY OF BRITAIN, GERMANY AND THE UNITED STATES (Oxford University Press 2007)

L. FULTON, WORKER REPRESENTATION IN EUROPE (Labour Research Department & ETUI 2015)

OTTO VON GIERKE, COMMUNITY IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE (Antony Black ed. reprint Cambridge 2002)

OTTO VON GIERKE, DAS DEUTSCHE GENOSSENCHAFTSRECHT (Weidmann 1868)

WILLIAM B. GOULD IV, A PRIMER ON AMERICAN LABOR LAW (5th ed. Cambridge University Press 2013)

HELGA GREBING, HISTORY OF THE GERMAN LABOUR MOVEMENT—A SURVEY (Berg Publishing 1969)

ANDREAS GRIESSINGER, DAS SYMBOLISCHE KAPITAL DER EHRE: STREIKBEWEGUNGEN UND KOLLEKTIVES BEWUSSTSEIN DEUTSCHER HANDWERKSGESELLEN IM 18. JAHRHUNDERT (Ullsteing 1981)

RICHARD GRUNBERGER, A SOCIAL HISTORY OF THE THIRD REICH (Phoenix 1971)

Jürgen Habermas, Between Facts and Norms (Polity Press 1997)

JÜRGEN HABERMAS, BETWEEN FACTS AND NORMS (Polity Press 1997) G.D.G. HALL (ED.), THE TREATISE OF THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF THE REALM OF ENGLAND COMMONLY CALLED GLANVILLE (Reprint Seldon Society 1965)

MARK HALL & JOHN PURCELL, CONSULTATION AT WORK: REGULATION AND PRACTICE (Oxford University Press 2012)

THEODORE S. HAMEROW, RESTORATION, REVOLUTION, REACTION— ECONOMICS AND POLITICS IN GERMANY, 1815–1871 (Princeton University Press 1970)

ALEXANDER HAMILTON, JAMES MADISON, & JOHN JAY, THE FEDERALIST PAPERS (1787)

SIGFRID HANSSON, BLAND MÄSTARE, GESÄLLER OCH LÄRPOJKAR (Norstedt & söners förlag 1931)

GUNNAR HAZELIUS, OM HANDTVERKSAMBETENA UNDER MEDELTIDEN (Nordiska museet 1906)

L.C. HECTOR & BARBARY HARVEY, THE WESTMINSTER CHRONICLE 1381–1394 (Oxford University Press 1982)

CARL HEMSTRÖM, UTESLUTNING UR IDEELL FÖRENING (Norstedts 1972)

BOB HEPPLE (ED.), THE MAKING OF LABOUR LAW IN EUROPE—A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NINE COUNTRIES UP TO 1945 (Mansell Publishing 1986)

WILLIAM HERBERT (LIBRARIAN TO THE CORPORATION OF LONDON), THE HISTORY OF THE TWELVE GREAT LIVERY COMPANIES OF LONDON; PRINCIPALLY COMPILED FROM THEIR GRANTS AND RECORDS WITH AN HISTORICAL ESSAY AND ACCOUNTS OF EACH COMPANY, ITS ORIGIN, CONSTITUTION, GOVERNMENT, DRESS, CUSTOMS, HALLS, AND TRUST ESTATES AND CHARITIES, INCLUDING NOTICES AND ILLUSTRATION OF METROPOLITAN TRADE AND COMMERCE AS ORIGINALLY CONCENTRATED IN THOSE SOCIETIES, WITH ATTESTED COPIES AND TRANSLATIONS OF THE COMPANIES’ CHARTERS, VOL. 1 (London 1837)

SUSAN E. HIRSCH, ROOTS OF THE AMERICAN WORKING CLASS—THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF CRAFTS IN NEWARK 1800–1860 (University of Pennsylvania Press 1978)

THOMAS HOBBES, DE CIVE PHILOSOPHICAL RUDIMENTS CONCERNING GOVERNING AND SOCIETY (London 1651)

THOMAS HOBBES, EIGHT BOOKES OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WARRE (London 1648)

THOMAS HOBBES, LEVIATHAN (Printed for Andrew Crooke, at the Green Dragon in St. Paul’s Churchyard, 1651)

RICHARD HOFSTADTER & WALTER METZGER, ACADEMIC FREEDOM IN THE AGE OF THE COLLEGE (Columbia University Press 1961)

HORNE’S MIRROR OF JUSTICES, 7 Selden Society 1, vol. VII (W.J. Whittaker & F.W. Maitland trans. 1893)

GEORGE HOWELL, TRADE UNIONISM NEW AND OLD (London 1900)

GUNNAR OLOF HYLTÉN-CAVALLIUS, WÄREND OCH WIRDARNE. ETT FÖRSÖK I SVENSK ETHNOLOGI (P.A. Norstedt & Söner 1863)

MICHELINE R. ISHAY, THE HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS FROM ANCIENT TIMES TO THE GLOBALIZATION ERA (2nd ed. University of California Press 2008)

GEORGE MILTON JANES, THE CONTROL OF STRIKES IN AMERICAN TRADE UNIONS (Johns Hopkins Press 1916)

JUSTINIAN, DIGEST OF JUSTINIAN (Alan Watson trans. PennPress 2009)

OTTO KAHN-FREUND, DAS SOZIALE IDEAL DES REICHSARBEITSGERICHTS: EINE KRITISCHE UNTERSUCHUNG ZUR RECHTSPRECHUNG DES REICHSARBEITSGERICHTS IN ABHANDLUNGEN ZUM ARBEITSRECHT VOL. 7 (Bensheimer 1931)

G.E. KLEMMING, SAMLINGAR UTGIFNA AV SVENSKA FORNSKRIFTSÄLLSKAPET— SKRÅ ORDNINGAR (Stockholm 1856)

STELLA KRAMER, THE ENGLISH CRAFT GILDS AND THE GOVERNMENT—AN EXAMINATION OF THE ACCEPTED THEORY REGARDING THE DECAY OF THE ENGLISH CRAFT GUILDS (Columbia University Press 1905)

JOHN KROON, GULDSMEDERNAS SKRÅ AV ÅR 1501 FAKSIMILTRYCK (AM Malmö Ljustrycksanstalt 1959)

KENT KÄLLSTRÖM, LOKALA KOLLEKTIVAVTAL—OM LOKALA PARTERS RÄTTSLIGA STÄLLNING INOM FACKLIGA ORGANISATIONER (Liber 1979)

J. MALET LAMBERT, TWO THOUSAND YEARS OF GILD LIFE—OR AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE GILD SYSTEM FROM EARLY TIMES, WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ITS APPLICATION TO TRADE AND INDUSTRY (London 1891)

PAUL LANGFORD & WILLIAM B. TODD (EDS.), THE WRITINGS AND SPEECHES OF EDMUND BURKE, VOL. 2: PARTY, PARLIAMENT, AND THE AMERICAN WAR: 1766–1774 (Oxford University Press 1981)

RICHARD M. LANGWORTH & WINSTON CHURCHILL, CHURCHILL BY HIMSELF: THE LIFE, TIMES AND OPINIONS OF WINSTON CHURCHILL IN HIS OWN WORDS (Ebury Press 2008)

BRUCE LAURIE, ARTISANS INTO WORKERS: LABOUR IN NINETEENTH CENTURY AMERICA (Hill & Wang 1989)

ROBERT A. LEESON, UNITED WE STAND—AN ILLUSTRATED ACCOUNT OF TRADE UNION EMBLEMS (Dart 1971)

ROBERT A. LEESON, TRAVELLING BROTHERS (Granada 1979)

DOUGLAS L. LESLIE, LABOR LAW IN A NUTSHELL (West Publishing 2000)

ERIK LINDBERG, BORGERSKAP OCH BURSKAP, OM NÄRINGSPRIVILIGIER OCH BORGERSKAPETS INSTITUTIONER I STOCKHOLM 1820–1846 (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis Uppsala Studies in Economic History 2001)

FOLKE LINDBERG, HANTVERK OCH SKRÅVÄSEN UNDER MEDELTID OCH ÄLDRE VASATID (Prisma 1989)

CARL LIVIJN, OM MODERNA SOCIALPOLITISKA LAGAR OCH LAGFÖRSLAG ANGÅENDE ARBETSKLASSENS BETRYGGANDE MOT DE EKONOMISKA FÖLJDERNA AF S.K. OLYCKSFALL I ARBETET (Beckman 1893)

JOHN LOCKE, TWO TREATISES OF GOVERNMENT (Thomas Hollis ed. A. Millar 1689)

PHILIPP LOTMAR, DER ARBEITSVERTRAG NACH DEM PRIVATRECHT DES DEUTSCHEN REICHES (Duncker & Humblot 1902)

BOUTELLE ELLSWORTH LOWE, INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF THE LABOR PROBLEM (Columbia University Press 1918)

JACOB LUNDELL, OM HANDTVERKSSKRÅN, NÄRINGSFRIHET OCH ARBETS ORGANISATION (Lund 1846)

CHRISTER LUNDH, SPELETS REGLER—INSTITUTIONER OCH LÖNEBILDNING PÅ DEN SVENSKA ARBETSMARKNADEN 1850–2010 (2nd ed. SNS Förlag 2010)

FRANK MCVEY, MODERN INDUSTRIALISM (D. Appleton & Company 1904)

SIR HENRY SUMNER MAINE, ANCIENT LAW (London 1861, reprint Legal Classics Library 1982)

JENNY MARTINEZ, THE SLAVE TRADE AND THE ORIGINS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW (Oxford University Press 2012)

SIMON MIDDLETON, FROM PRIVILEGES TO RIGHTS: WORK AND POLITICS IN COLONIAL NEW YORK CITY (University of Pennsylvania Press 2006)

GWENDOLYN MINK, OLD LABOR AND NEW IMMIGRANTS IN AMERICAN POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT: UNION, PARTY, AND STATE, 1875–1920 (Cornell University Press 1986)

RICHARD B. MORRIS, GOVERNMENT AND LABOR IN EARLY AMERICA (Octagon Books 1975)

SAMUEL MOYN, HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE USES OF HISTORY: EXPANDED (2nd ed. Verso 2017)

THE NATIONAL GUILDS LEAGUE, THE POLICY OF GUILD SOCIALISM (London 1921)

MICHAEL J. NEUFELD, THE SKILLED METALWORKERS OF NUREMBERG— CRAFT AND CLASS IN THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION (Rutgers University Press 1989)

MICHAEL NORDBERG, I KUNG MAGNUS TID, NORDEN UNDER MAGNUS ERIKSSON 1317–1374 (Norstedts 1995)

SVANTE NYCANDER, MAKTEN ÖVER ARBETSMARKNADEN (2nd ed. Stockholm 2008)

BIRGITTA NYSTRÖM, MEDLING I ARBETSTVISTER (Norstedts 1990)

JOHN V. ORTH, COMBINATION AND CONSPIRACY—A LEGAL HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONISM 1721–1906 (Clarendon Press 1991)

ROBERT OWEN, TWO MEMORIALS ON BEHALF OF THE WORKING CLASSES: THE FIRST PRESENTED TO THE GOVERNMENTS OF EUROPE AND AMERICA, THE SECOND TO THE ALLIED POWERS ASSEMBLED IN CONGRESS AT AIX-LA-CHAPELLE (London 1818)

OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY (1st ed. 1884–1928)

THOMAS PAINE, FROM THE WRITINGS OF THOMAS PAINE VOL. 1 (1774–1779) (Moncure Daniel Conway ed. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1894)

DAVID RAY PAPKE, THE PULLMAN CASE: THE CLASH OF LABOR AND CAPITAL IN INDUSTRIAL AMERICA. LANDMARK LAW CASES & AMERICAN SOCIETY (University Press of Kansas 1999)

GREG PATMORE, WORKER VOICE—EMPLOYEE REPRESENTATION IN THE WORKPLACE IN AUSTRALIA, CANADA, GERMANY, THE UK AND THE US 1914–1939 (Liverpool University Press 2016)

ALEXANDER PENNECUIK, BURGESS AND GUILD-BROTHER OF EDINBURGH, AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE BLUE BLANKET, OR CRAFTS-MEN’S BANNER, CONTAINING THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE GOOD-TOWN, WITH THE POWERS AND PREROGATIVES OF THE CRAFTS OF EDINBURGH & C. (Edinburgh 1722)

PLATO, THE REPUBLIC (Benjamin Jowett trans. Project Gutenberg 2008)

PLUTARCH, THE RISE OF ROME: TWELVE LIVES BY PLUTARCH: ROMULUS, NUMA, PUBLICOLA, CORIOLANUS, CAMILLUS, FABIUS MAXIMUS, MARCELLUS, ARATUS, PHILOPOEMEN, TITUS FLAMININUS, ELDER CATO, AEMILIUS PAULLUS, NUMA (Christopher Pelling, Ian Scott-Kilvert, & Jeffrey Tatum trans. Penguin 2013)

JAMES POOL, WHO FINANCED HITLER: THE SECRET FUNDING OF HITLER’S RISE TO POWER, 1919–1933 (Gallery 1979)

R.W. POSTGATE, THE BUILDERS’ HISTORY (Labour Publishing Company 1923)

DOUGLAS E. RAY, CALVIN WILLIAM SHARPE, & ROBERT N. STRASSFELD, UNDERSTANDING LABOR LAW (LexisNexis 1999)

THEODORE WINTER REEDY & JOHN MOFFETT BRUMM, BRIEF HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN LABOR MOVEMENT (US Government Printing Office 1951)

BRIAN BELL RICHARD, THE EVOLVING DUTIES OF TRADE UNIONS TOWARD THEIR MEMBERS: DEFINING THE DUTIES AND DETERMINING THE STANDARDS (Proquest 1998)

JOHAN GABRIEL RICHART, ETT OCH ANNAT, OM CORPORATIONER, PRIVILEGIER, NÄMND I DOMSTOLAR ETC. I ANLEDNING AF CONSISTORII ACADEMICI I UPSALA BETÄNKANDE OM DE ACADEMISKA JURISDIKTION (Stockholm 1822)

JOHN ROBERTS (ED.), OXFORD DICTIONARY OF THE CLASSICAL WORLD (Oxford University Press 2007)

GERRY RODGERS, EDDY LEE, LEE SWEPSTON & JASMIEN VAN DAELE, THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION AND THE QUEST FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE, 1919–2009 (ILO 2009)

JOEL ROGERS & WOLFGANG STREECK (EDS.), WORKS COUNCILS: CONSULTATION, REPRESENTATION AND COOPERATION IN INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (University of Chicago Press 1995)

MIA RÖNNMAR, ARBETSLEDNINGSRÄTT OCH ARBETSSKYLDIGHET: EN KOMPARATIV STUDIE AV KVALITITAV FLEXIBILITET I SVENSK, ENGELSK OCH TYSK CONTEXT (Juristförlaget i Lund 2004)

ALICE SALOMON, LABOUR LAWS FOR WOMEN IN GERMANY (Women’s Industrial Council London 1907 Leopold Reprint 2010)

WILLIAM SCHIRER, THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH (Mandarin 1999)

WILFRIED SCHLÜTER, DIE HAFTUNG DER ARBEITNEHMERVERTRETER IM AUFSICHTSRAT EINER AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT BEI NICHTIGKEIT DES JAHRESABSCHLUSSES IN FESTSCHRIFT ZUM 60. GEBURTSTAG FÜR JÖRG BAETGE (Düsseldorf 1997)

FOLKE SCHMIDT, FACKLIG ARBETSRÄTT (Reviderad Ronnie Eklund, Håkan Göransson, Ken Källström, Tore Sigeman Stockholm 1997)

FOLKE SCHMIDT, LAW AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS IN SWEDEN (Stockholm 1977)

FOLKE SCHMIDT, THE LAW OF LABOUR RELATIONS IN SWEDEN (Uppsala 1962)

J.H. SCHRÖDER, STATUTA CONVIVII A S. GEORGIO DICTI AD MAGNUM CUPRIMONTEM DALEKARLIAE (Uppsala 1833)

JOSEPH A. SCHUMPETER, CAPITALISM, SOCIALISM AND DEMOCRACY (2nd ed. 1947, Martino Publishing, reprint 2011)

KIRSTEN A. SEAVER, THE LAST VIKINGS: THE EPIC STORY OF THE GREAT NORSE VOYAGERS (Tauris 2014)

HUGO SINZHEIMER, DER KORPORATIVE ARBEITSNORMENVERTRAG: EINE PRIVATRECHTLICHE UNDERSUCHUNG (Duncker & Humblot 1907)

ADAM SMITH, AN INQUIRY INTO THE NATURE AND CAUSES OF THE WEALTH OF NATIONS (London 1776)

TOULMIN SMITH, ENGLISH GILDS—THE ORIGINAL ORDINANCES OF MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED EARLY ENGLISH GILDS (Oxford University Press 1870)

K.D.M. SNELL, ANNALS OF THE LABOURING POOR—SOCIAL CHANGE AND AGRARIAN ENGLAND, 1660–1900 (Cambridge 1985)

MICHAEL STOLLEIS, A HISTORY OF SOCIAL LAW IN GERMANY (Springer 2013)

MICHAEL STOLLEIS, ORIGINS OF THE GERMAN WELFARE STATE: SOCIAL POLICY IN GERMANY TO 1945 (GERMAN SOCIAL POLICY) (Springer 2014)

RANDI STORCH, WORKING HARD FOR THE AMERICAN DREAM— WORKERS AND THEIR UNIONS, WORLD WAR I TO THE PRESENT (Wiley Blackwell 2013)

BO STRÅTH, THE ORGANISATION OF LABOUR MARKETS—MODERNITY, CULTURE AND GOVERNANCE IN GERMANY, SWEDEN, BRITAIN AND JAPAN (Routledge 1996)

ARNOLD SÖLVÉN, LANDORGANISATIONENS SKRIFTSERIEN, HUVUDAVTALET (Stockholm 1939)

THUCYDIDES, EIGHT BOOKES OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WARRE WRITTEN BY THUCYDIDES THE SONNE OF OLORUS DATE: 1648 (Thomas Hobbes trans. 1648)

THUCYDIDES, THUCYDIDES IN FOUR VOLUMES: VOL. 1, THE HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR BOOKS I AND II 320–21 (Charles Forster Smith trans. Harvard University Press 1956)

SUETONIUS TRANQUILLUS, DIVUS IULIUS (Harold Edgeworth Butler & Max Cary eds. Clarendon 1970)

SUETONIUS: THE LIVES OF THE TWELVE CAESARS; AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION, AUGMENTED WITH THE BIOGRAPHIES OF CONTEMPORARY STATESMEN, ORATORS, POETS, AND OTHER ASSOCIATES (J. Eugene Reed & Alexander Thomson eds. 1889)

TOM SÖDERBERG, HANTVERKARNA I BRYTNINGSTID 1820–1870 (Vasatryckeriet 1955)

GÖRAN THERBORN, BORGARKLASS OCH BYRÅKRATI I SVERIGE (Arkiv förlaget Lund 1989)

MICHAEL THOMSETT, THE GERMAN OPPOSITION TO HITLER, THE RESISTANCE, THE UNDERGROUND AND ASSASSINATION PLOTS 1938–1945 (Crux 2016)

CHRISTOPHER L. TOMLINS, LAW, LABOR, AND IDEOLOGY IN THE EARLY AMERICAN REPUBLIC (Cambridge University Press 1993)

ROLF TORSTENDAHL, BUREAUCRATIZATION IN NORTHWESTERN EUROPE 1880–1895 (Routledge 1991)

HENRY ASHBY TURNER, GERMAN BIG BUSINESS AND THE RISE OF HITLER (Oxford University Press 1987)

ÖSTEN UNDÉN, KOLLEKTIVAVTALET ENLIGT GÄLLANDE SVENSK RÄTT (Berlingska boktryckeriet 1921)

MARTIN UPCHURCH, GRAHAM TAYLOR, & ANDREW MATHERS, THE CRISIS OF SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC TRADE UNIONISM IN WESTERN EUROPE: THE SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVES (Ashgate 2009)

GEORGE URWIN, INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION IN THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES (London 1957)

MACK WALKER, GERMAN HOME TOWNS, COMMUNITY, STATE, AND GENERAL ESTATE 1648–1871 (Cornell 1971)

TIMOTHY WALKER, AN INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN LAW (P.H. Nicklin & T. Johnson 1837)

SIDNEY WEBB & BEATRICE POTTER WEBB, INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY (Longman, Green & Co. 1897)

SIDNEY WEBB & BEATRICE POTTER WEBB, THE HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONISM (Longman, Green & Co. 1894)

SIDNEY WEBB & BEATRICE POTTER WEBB, THE HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONISM 1666–1920, Vol. 1, 2 (1920 Palgrave reprint 2003)

DAVID B. WEISBERG, GUILD STRUCTURE AND POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE IN EARLY ACHAEMENID MESOPOTAMIA (Yale University Press 1967)

MANFRED WEISS & MARLENE SCHMIDT, LABOUR LAW AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS IN GERMANY (4th ed. Kluwer 2008)

JÖRGEN WESTERSTÅHL, SVENSK FACKFÖRENINGSRÖRELSE: ORGANISATIONSPROBLEM, VERKSAMHETSFORMER, FÖRHÅLLANDE TILL STATEN (Tidens förlag 1945)

CHRIS WICKHAM, THE INHERITANCE OF ROME: ILLUMINATING THE DARK AGES 400–1000 (Penguin 2010)

HELEN ZIMMERN, THE HANSA TOWNS AND THE HANSEATIC LEAGUE (Florence 1889)

KLAS ÅMARK, FACKLIG MAKT OCH FACKLIGT MEDLEMSKAP: DEN SVENSKA FACKFÖRBUDENS MEDLEMSUTVECKLING 1890–1940 (Arkiv förlag Lund 1986)

ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS

John Adams, 7th “Novanglus” letter, Boston Gazette (1774)

John T. Addison, Lutz Bellmann, Claus Schnabel, Joachim Wagner, The Long Awaited Reform of the German Works Constitution Act, IZA DP No. 422 (IZA 2002)

Rachel Aleks, Estimating the Effect of “Change to Win” on Union Organizing [Electronic version], 68(3) Industrial & Labor Relations Review 584–605 (2015)

Alan Apperley, Hobbes on Democracy, 19(3) Politics 65–171 (1999)

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Lars Edgren, Crafts in Transformation? Masters, Journeymen, and Apprentices in a Swedish Town, 1800–1850, 1(3) Continuity and Change 363–83 (1986)

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Jeffrey Flynn, Communicative Power in Habermas’s Theory of Democracy, 3(4) European Journal of Political Theory 433 (2004)

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David J. Gerber, System Dynamics: Toward a Language of Comparative Law?, 46 Am. J. Comp. L. 719 (1998)

Marcia Greenblatt, Union Officials and the Labor Bill of Rights, 57 Fordham L. Rev. 601 (1989)

Gavin Jackson, Employment Tribunal Cases Rise Sharply after Fees Are Dropped, The Financial Times, December 14, 2017

Aaron Halegua, United States in Resolving Individual Labour Disputes (Minawa Ebisui, Sean Cooney, & Colin Fenwick eds. ILO Geneva 2016)

Mark Hall, Sue Hutchinson, John Purcell, Michael Terry, & Jane Parker, Promoting Effective Consultation? Assessing the Impact of the ICE Regulations, 51(2) British Journal of Industrial Relations 355–81 (June 2013)

David Huxtable, A Most Curious Lack of Curiosity: Global Unions as the Missing Link in Labour Movement Studies in Society of Socialist Studies (2009)

Benjamin Jones & Jeremias Prassl, United Kingdom in Resolving Individual Labour Disputes (Minawa Ebisui, Sean Cooney, & Colin Fenwick eds. ILO Geneva 2016)

Otto Kahn-Freund, Labour Law in Law and Public Opinion in Britain in the Twentieth Century (Morris Ginsberg ed. London 1959)

Otto Kahn-Freund, On Uses and Misuses of Comparative Law, 37 Mod. L. Rev. 1, 27 (1974)

Otto Kahn-Freund, The Legal Framework in The System of Industrial Relations in Great Britain: Its history, law, and institutions (Alan Flanders & Hugh Clegg eds. Oxford University Press 1954)

Ernst Kallenberg, Akademisk jurisdiktion. Studenternas rättsliga undantagsställning, 2 Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift 97–121 (1906)

Anders Kjellberg, Facklig organisering och partsrelationer i Sverige och Danmark in Septemberforliget og det 21. århundrede. Historiske perspektiver og fremtidens dilemmaer (Flemming Ibsen & Steen Scheuer eds. Copenhagen 2000)

Anders Kjellberg, Kollektivavtalens täckningsgrad samt organisationsgraden hos arbetsgivarförbund och fackförbund, 2013(1) Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility, Research Reports (Lund University 2013)

Anders Kjellberg, Växande avgiftsskillnader i a-kassan – och utvecklingen därefter, 2014(1) Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility, Research Reports (Lund University 2014)

Eva Kocher and Clemens Sudhof, Trade Union Representation in Germany in Representing Employee Interests: Trade Union Systems within the EU (Carmen La Macchia ed. Albecete 2013)

John P. Lloyd, The Strike Wave of 1877 in The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History (Aaron Brenner, Benjamin Day, & Immanuel Ness eds. 2015)

Graeme Lockwood, An Epitaph to CROTUM and CPAUIA, 31(5) Industrial Relations Journal 471–81 (2000)

Alf Lütdtke, The “Honor of Labor”: Industrial Workers and the Power of Symbols under National Socialism in Rewriting Histories: Nazism and German Society, 1933–1945 (David Crew ed. Routledge 2013)

James Madison, Notes on the Debates in the Federal Convention, Tuesday September 17, 1787, available at the website of The Avalon Project, Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy, Yale Law School: avalon.law.yale.edu

Robert W. Malcolmson, Workers’ Combinations in Eighteenth-Century England in The Origins of Anglo-American Radicalism (Margaret Jacob & James Jacob eds. London 1984)

Ewan McGaughey, The Codetermination Bargains: The History of German Corporate and Labour Law, 23(1) Columbia Journal of European Law 135–42 (2016)

Wolfgang Merkel, Social Democracy in Power: Explaining the Capacity to Reform, 1(1) Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft 125–45, 134–5 (2007)

Marcello Musto, Notes on the History of the International, 28(2) Socialism and Democracy 5–38 (2014)

Walther Müller-Jentsch, Germany: From Collective Voice to Co-Management in Works Councils: Consultation, Representation and Cooperation in Industrial Relations (Joel Rogers & Wolfgang Streeck eds. Chicago 1995)

Gary B. Nash, Artisans and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia in The Origins of Anglo-American Radicalism (Margaret Jacob & James Jacob eds. London 1984)

Notes: NLRB Remedies, 351 Duke Law Journal 354 (1975)

Carole M. Nottingham, The London Middle English Guild Certificates of 1388–9 in Historical Introduction, 39 Medieval Studies 108 (1995)

Ann Numhauser-Henning, Lagstiftning eller självreglering i arbetsrätten? Svaret är bade ock, 2001 SvJT 314

Rebecca Page, Co-determination in Germany—A Beginner’s Guide, Arbeitspapier 33 (Hans Böckler Stiftung 2011)

Cinzia Peraro, Right to Collective Action in Cross-Border Employment Contexts: A Fundamental Social Right Not Yet Covered by EU Private International Law, 2(2) UNIO—EU Law Journal 20–38 (2016)

Ewa Persson, Högsta organisationsgraden på sju år för tjänstemannen, Arbetsvärlden February 18, 2015

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Petter Rütters, International Trade Secretariats—Origins, Development, Activities (Library of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, library.fes.de, 2003)

Benjamin Sachs, Revitalizing Labor Law, 31(2) Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law 333–47 (2010)

Benjamin Sachs, Despite Preemption: Making Labor Law in Cities and States, 1224 Harvard Law Review 1153–1224 (2011)

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Jelle Visser, Union Membership Statistics in 24 Countries, 38 Monthly Labour Review 39–49 (January 2006)

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Bernd Waas, Germany in Resolving Individual Labour Disputes (Minawa Ebisui, Sean Cooney, & Colin Fenwick eds. ILO Geneva 2016)

Frank Julian Warne, The Trade Agreement in the Coal Industry, 36 American Academy of Political and Social Sciences Annals 86–95 (September 1910)

Alan Watson, Legal Transplants and Law Reform, 92 L. Quart. Rev. 79 (1976)

Andrea Weindl, The Slave Trade of Northern Germany from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Centuries in Extending the Frontiers, Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database 250 (David Eltis & David Richardson eds. Yale 2008)

George S. Werner, Traveling Journeymen in Metternichian South Germany, 125 Proceedings in the American Philosophical Society No. 3 190–219 (1981)

John P. Windmüller, Stephen K. Pursey, & Jim Baker, The International Trade Union Movement in Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations in Industrialized Market Economies (Roger Blainpain & Jim Baker eds. 10th ed. Wolters Kluwer 2010)

Patrick Wintour, Trade Unions—Biggest Crackdown on Trade Unions for 30 Years Launched by Conservatives, The Guardian, July 15, 2015

Donald Woodward, The Background to the Statute of Artificers: The Genesis of Labour Policy, 1558–63, 33(1) The Economic History Review, New Series 32–44 (Feb. 1980)

REPORTS

Rev. J.T. Becher, Observations upon the Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on the Laws Respecting Friendly Societies (1826)

BLS News Release, Major Work Stoppages 1947–2017 (USDL-18-0206), February 9, 2018

Committee on Trades’ Societies, Trades’ Societies and Strikes, Report of the Committee on Trades’ Societies appointed by the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science, Presented at the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Association at Glasgow, September 1860 (London 1860)

European Commission, Reversing the burden of proof: Practical dilemmas at the European and national level (EU 2014)

Matthew Downer, Carrie Harding, Shadi Ghezelayagh, Emily Fu, & Marina Gkiza, Evaluation of Acas Early Conciliation 2015 (Acas 04/15)

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Co-determination 2018 (Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs 2018)

ILO, Rules of the Game, A Brief Introduction to International Labour Standards (2014)

Ralph Greifenstein, Leo Kißler, & Hendrik Lange, Trendreport Betriebsratswahlen 2010 (Hans-Böckler-Stiftung 2011)

Ralph Greifenstein, Leo Kißler, & Hendrik Lange, Trendreport Betriebsratswahlen 2014: Zwischenbericht: Zwischenergebnisse kurz nach der Wahl (Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, June–August 2014)

IRS Publication 529 (2015)

Anders Kjellberg, Kollektivavtalens täckningsgrad samt organisationsgraden hos arbetsgivarförbund och fackförbund, Department of Sociology, Lund University Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility Research Reports 2017(1) (Lund University 2017)

Sir Ken Knight, Electronic Balloting Review: The Report of the Independent Review of Electronic Balloting for Industrial Action (December 2017)

Richard Koch (ed.), National Monetary Commission, German Imperial Banking Laws, 61st Congress 2d Session Document No. 574 (Washington DC 1910)

Laws for the Constitution and Government of the London Journeymen’s Trades Hall Enrolled According to Act of Parliament (London 1839)

Jonas Malmberg, Study—Directorate General for Internal Policies—Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy, Employment and Social Affairs: The Impact of the ECT Judgments on Viking, Laval, Rüffert and Luxembourg on the Practice of Collective Bargaining and the Effectiveness of Social Action (2010)

Medlingsinstitut (Swedish National Mediation Office), Siffror och diagram om medlemsantal, organisationsgrad och kollektivavtalstäckning (2014)

Medlingsinstitut (Swedish National Mediation Office), Avtalsrörelsen och lönebildningen 2015—Medlingsinstitutets årsrapport (Linköping 2015)

Medlingsinstitut (Swedish National Mediation Office), Årsrapport för 2017 (2018)

Mick Marchington, Joint consultation revisited (Centre for Research in Industrial Democracy and Participation 1985)

Observations on the rise and progress of Friendly Societies (1824)

John Francis Reilly, Carter C. Hull & Barbara A. Braig Allen, IRC 501(c)(5) Organizations, Exempt Organizations Technical Instruction Program för FY 2003 (2003) j-3

Report of the Committee of Experts, Report International Labor Conference 89th session 3 of the Report III (1B)-2001—Chapter 2 Anatomy of a Prohibition: ILO Standards in Relation to Night Work of Women in Industry (ILO 2001)

Report of the Royal Commission on Trade Unions and Employers’ Associations (the “Donovan report”), 23(4) Relations Industrielles (1968)

Ingrid Schmidt, The Federal Labour Court (Erfurt 2014)

John Simkin, Trade Unions in Nazi Germany (Spartucus-educational.com 1997)

US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Economic News Release, Union Members Summary, January 28, 2016

UNPUBLISHED WORKS

Esmée Myfanwy Thomas, Guilds of Craftsmen and Small Traders in the Ancient World (exclusive of Egypt) from the Earliest Greek Times to the End of the 5th Century A.D. (Unpublished thesis, Oxford University, St. Anne’s Society 1934)

INTERNET MATERIALS

Urban Bäckström, Om förmågan att lyssna, Svenskt näringsliv (March 12, 2009) available at the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise website, svensktnaringsliv.se

Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DBG—Functions and Principles (2016) available at the DGB website, dgb.de

M.H. Hansen, Democracy/Athenian in Oxford Classical Dictionary (2015) available at classics.oxfordre.com

ILO, About the ILO and Origins and History, available at the ILO website, ilo.org

NLRB, Employer/Union Rights and Obligations: How Is “Good Faith” Bargaining Determined? available at nlrb.gov

NLRB, Representation Petitions, RC Statistics available at nlrb.gov

NRLB, The Right to Strike available at nlrb.gov/strikes

NRLB, See What We Do, Investigate Charges available at nlrb.gov

Project Samnordisk Runtextdatabas Svensk—Rundata entry for Ög 64 and Ög MÖLM1960:230, available at nordiska.uu.se/forskn/samnord.htm

Riksarkivet, Regeringsformen (2013 updated 2014) available at the Swedish National Archives website, riksarkivet.se/regeringsform

Cecilia Thorborg, Massutvandring till Amerika slag mot befolkningen, Nr. 2013:56, available at the Statistics Sweden website, scb.se

Chris Trueman, Trade Unions and Nazi Germany (2013) available at the History Learning Site website, historylearningsite.co.uk

Karen Ullmann & Christian Ley, Germany: Industrial Relations (Xpert internet database 2016)

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, Statement for the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, 2 December 2015, available at the UN website, un.org

Sandra Vogel, Use of Opening Clauses in Collective Agreements (Eurofound 2016) available at eurofound.europa.eu.

LEGAL SOURCES

International Laws

United Nations

The 1948 United Nations Declaration of Human Rights

The 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

The 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

United Nations General Assembly 1948 Resolution 217 A, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, A/res/3/217A

UN International Labour Organisation

ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998)

ILO Convention No. 81 The Labour Inspection Convention of 1947

ILO Convention No. 87 concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise of 1948

ILO Convention No. 98 concerning the Application of the Principles of the Right to Organise and to Bargain Collectively of 1949

ILO Convention No. 100 Equal Remuneration Convention of 1951

ILO Convention No. 122 The Employment Policy Convention of 1964

ILO Convention No. 129 The Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention of 1969

ILO Convention No. 144 The Tripartite Consultation (International Labour Standards) Convention of 1976

Regional Cooperations

Council of Europe

Instruments

The 1950 Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

The 1961 European Social Charter

The 1996 (Revised) European Social Charter

Case law

National Union of Belgian Police v. Belgium, October 27, 1975, Eur. Ct HR Rep., Series A, No. 19 (1975)

UNISON v. United Kingdom, judgment of January 10, 2002, [2002] IRLR 497

Enerji Yapi-Yol Sen v. Turkey, Application no. 68959/01 [2009]

European Union law

Treaties

The 1951 Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (“ECSC Treaty”)

The 1957 European Economic Community (“EEC”)

The 1957 Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (“Euratom”)

The 2007 Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, signed at Lisbon, 13 December 2007

The 2007 Treaty on the European Union (“TEU”)

The 2007 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”)

Directives

Council Directive 97/80/EC of 15 December 1997 on the burden of proof in cases of discrimination based on sex

Directive 2002/14/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2002 establishing a general framework for informing and consulting employees in the European Community

Directive 2009/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on the establishment of a European Works Council or a procedure in Community-Scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of undertakings for the purposes of informing and consulting employees (Recast)

Council resolutions

Council Resolution of 21 January 1974 concerning a social action programme, OJ 1974 C 13/1

Court of Justice case law

Case C-43/75, Gabriella Defrenne (No. 2) v. Societe Anonyme Belge de Navigation Aerienne Sabena [1976] 1 ECR-455

Case C-44/79, Liselotte Hauer v. Land Rheinland-Pfalz [1979] ECR-3727

C-109/88, Handels- og Kontorfunktionærernes Forbund i Danmark v. Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, agissant pour Danfoss [1989] ECR 3199

C-341/05, Laval un Partneri Ltd v. Svenska Byggnadsarbetareförbundet, Svenska Byggnadsarbetareförbundets avdelning 1, Byggettan and Svenska Elektrikerförbundet [2007] ECR I-11767

C-438/05, International Transport Workers’ Federation, Finnish Seamen’s Union v. Viking Line ABP, OÜ Viking Line Eesti [2007] ECR I-10779

C-319/06, Commission v. Luxembourg [2008] ECR I-4323

C-346/06, Dirk Rüffert v. Land Niedersachsen [2008] ECR I-1989

Organization of American States

1948 American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man

1948 Charter of the Organization of American States

1967 Protocol of Buenos Aires amending the 1948 Charter of the Organization of American States

2012 Social Charter of the Americas

National Law

Canadian law

Statutes

Ontario Labour Relations Act of 1995

Case law

Fisher v. Pemberton [1969] 8 D.L.R. (3d) 521 (B.C.S.C.)

Gagnon v. Canadian Merchant Service Guild et al. [1984] 9 D.L.R. (4th) 641

German law

Laws

Arbeitsgerichtsgesetz (1979 Labour Court Act)

Bertriebsverfassungsgesetz (2001 Works Constitution Act)

Einkommensteuergesetz (2009 Income Tax Act)

Gerichtskostengesetz (2004 Court Fees Act)

Gesetz gegen die gemeingefährlichen Bestrebungen der Sozialdemokratie (1878 Law Against the Publicly Dangerous Endeavors of Social Democracy)

Gesetz über den vaterländischen Hilfsdienst (1916 Act on Patriotic Service)

Grundgesetz (1949 Basic Law)

Kontrollratsgesetz (1946 Allied Control Council Act on Dispute Resolution Machinery in Labour Conflicts)

Körperschaftsteuergesetz (2002 Corporate Tax Act)

Mitbestimmungsgesetz (1976 Co-Determination Act)

Tarifautonomiestärkungsgesetz (2015 Collective Bargaining Unity Act)

Tarifvertragsgesetz (1949 Collective Agreement Act)

Case law

Bundesarbeitsgericht, October 31, 1958—1 AZR 632/57

Bundesarbeitsgericht, April 21, 1971—GS 1/68

Bundesarbeitsgericht, December 17, 1976—1 AZR 605/75

Bundesarbeitsgericht, June 23, 2010—10 AS 2/10

Bundesgerichtshof, July 10, 1989—II ZR 30/89

Bundesverfassungsgericht, February 24, 1999—1 BvR 123/93

Bundesverfassungsgericht, July 11, 2017-1 BvR 1571/15, 1588/15, 2883/15, 1043/16 and 1477/16

Swedish law

Laws (chronological order)

Magnus Erikssons landslag (1350)

Kristofers landslag (1442)

Placat och förordning om myntet Stockholm den 7 octobris 1665

Kungl. Mays:tz Allgemene Ordning och Skråå (1669 skråordningen)

Kongl. Maj:ts nådige Förordning Om Fri-Mästare Och Handtwärckarnes fria tilträde här i Riket. Gifwen Stockholm den 26 maj i 1719

Algemene Ordning och Skrå 1720

1734 års lag

Kongl. Maj:ts Nådige Förordning och Reglemente för Boktryckerierne i Riket. Gifwit Stockholm i Råd-Cammaren den 12 aug. 1752

1773 års reskript ang. 1720 års skråordning

Fabriks och Hantverksordningen av den 22 dec. 1846

Försvarslöshetsstadgan af d. 29 maj 1846

1862 års kommunalförordningar om kommunal styrelse i stad och på landet

Kongl. Maj:ts Nådige Förordning angående utvidgad näringsfrihet den 18 juni 1864

Lag (1885:27) om lösdrifvares behandling

Lag (1906:13) om medling i arbetstvister

Lag (1928:253) om kollektivavtal

Lag (1928:254) om arbetsdomstol

Förordning (1934:264) om arbetslöshetskassor

Lagen (1935:113) med vissa bestämmelser om arbetsförmedling

Lagen (1936:506) om förenings- och förhandlingsfrihet

Lagen (1938:287) om semester

Lag (1970:943) om arbetstid m.m.

Lag (1973:370) om arbetslöshetsförsäkring

Lagen (1974:12) om anställningsskydd m.m.

Lag (1974:358) om facklig förtroendemans ställning på arbetsplatsen

Lag (1974:371) om rättegången i arbetstvister

Lag (1974:981) om arbetstagares rätt till ledighet för utbildning

Lag (1976:580) om medbestämmande i arbetslivet

Lagen (1976:280) om rätt till föräldraledighet

Lagen (1976:351) om styrelserepresentation för de anställda i aktiebolag och ekonomiska föreningar

Semesterlag (1977:480)

Lag (1978:410) om rätt till ledighet för vård av barn, m.m.

Lag (1979:503) om jämställdhet mellan kvinnor och män i arbetslivet

Lag (1979:1118) om jämställdhet mellan kvinnor och män i arbetslivet

Lag (1982:80) om anställningsskydd

Lag (1987:667) om ekonomiska föreningar

Inkomstskattelag (1999:1229)

Diskrimineringslagen (2008:567)

Lag (2011:427) om europeiska företagsråd

Agency regulations

RSV, Skatteregler för ideella föreningar (Beskattningsår 2015)

Legislative preparatory works

Förliknings- och skiljenämndskommitténs betänkande 1901

Andra lagutskottets utlåtande no. 22 (1924)

Andra lagutskottets utlåtande no. 51 (1934)

Andra lagutskottets utlåtande no. 37 (1935)

Legislative Bill 1949:214 Kungl. Maj:ts proposition till riksdagen angående godkännande av Sveriges anslutning till Europarådet

Legislative Inquiry SOU 1975:1 Demokrati på arbetsplatsen förslag till ny lagstiftning om förhandlingsrätt och kollektivavtal

SOU 1993:32 Ny anställningsskyddslag

Case law

Swedish Supreme Court case law

NJA 1973 p. 341

NJA 1973 p. 423

Swedish Supreme Administrative Court case law

RÅ 1974 p. 121

Labour Court case law

AD 1929 no. 29

AD 1932 no. 100

AD 1934 no. 179

AD 1972 no. 5

AD 1983 no. 107

AD 1990 no. 33

AD 2004 no. 111

AD 2005 no. 49

AD 2009 no. 89

AD 2011 no. 37

United Kingdom law

UK statutory law (chronological order)

1304 (33 Edw. 1) st. 2, Who be Conspirators and who be Champertors

1305 (33 Edw. 1) st. 3, The punishment of such as commit Champerty

1330 (4 Edw. 3.) st. 1, Confirmation of all statutes not repealed

1349 (23 Edw. 3) stat. 1, c. 1-8, Statute of Labourers (Cap. 1 What persons shall be compelled to labour, cap. 2 Departing before the time agreed upon shall be imprisoned, cap. 3, 4, and 5 Regulation of labourers wages, cap. 6 Of victuallers, cap. 7 Of beggars, cap. 8 Of artificers)

1350 (25 Edw. 3) stat. 2, c. 1-7, Labourers, artificers, etc.

1353 (27 Edw. 3) Letter-Book G. fol. x. (Latin)

1360 (34 Edw. 3) c. 9-11, Concerning labourers

1362 (36 Edw. 3) stat. 1, c. 5-6, 8-14, Purveyance

1376 (50 Edw. 3) cc. 1-8, Confirmation of liberties and charters, pardon, arrest of clergy, fraudulent conveyances, cloth

1388 (12 Ric. 2) c. 1, Confirmation of liberties, etc.

1388 (12 Ric. 2) c. 3-9, Labourers, beggars

1405 (7 Hen. 4) c. 17, Concerning putting out apprentices

1425 (3 Hen. 6) c. 1, Labourers

1436 (15 Hen. 6) c. 6-7, Marshalsea, exportation of corn, safe-conducts, sub-poenas, attaints, etc.

1530 (22 Hen. 8) c. 4, Concerning exactions levied on apprentices

1545 (37 Hen. 8) c. 4, Dissolution of Colleges Act 1545

1547 (1 Edw. 6) c. 14, Dissolution of the Colleges Act 1547

1548 (2 & 3 Edw. 6) c. 15, Victuallers

1562 (5 Eliz. 1) c. 4, Statute of Artificers

1721 (7 Geo. 1) st. 1, c. 13, Journeymen Tailors, London Act 1720

1725 (12 Geo. 1) c. 34 and 35, cap. 34 To prevent unlawful combinations of workmen employed in woolen manufactures, and for better payment of their wages, Woollen Manufactures Act 1725, and cap. 35 To prevent abuses in the making of bricks and tiles, to ascertain the dimensions thereof, and to prevent all unlawful combinations amongst any brickmakers or tilemakers within fifteen miles of the city of London. . .

1748 (22 Geo. 2) c. 27, Frauds by Workmen Act 1748

1788 (28 Geo. 3) c. 54 Slave Trade Act (Dolben’s Act)

1793 (33 Geo. 3) c. 54, Friendly Societies Act 1793

1795 (35 Geo. 3) c. 111, Friendly Societies Act 1795

1795 (36 Geo. 3) c. 7, Treason Act 1795

1795 (36 Geo. 3) c. 8, Seditious Meetings Act 1795

1796 (36 Geo. 3) c. 111, Combinations of Workmen Act 1796

1799 (39 Geo. 3) c. 81, Unlawful Combinations of Workmen Act 1799

1800 (39 & 40 Geo. 3) c. 90, Disputes Between Masters and Workmen Act

1800 (39 & 40 Geo. 3) c. 106, Unlawful Combinations of Workmen Act 1800

1807 (Geo. 3, Sess 1) c. 36 The Slave Trade Act 1807

1819 (59 Geo. 3) c. 66, Cotton Mills and Factories Act 1819

1824 (5 Geo. 4) c. 95, Combinations of Workmen Act 1824

1825 (6 Geo. 4) c. 129, Combinations of Workmen Act 1825

1832 (2 & 3 Wm. 4) c. 45, Representation of the People Act 1832

1833 (3 & 4 Wm. 4) c. 63, Apprentices Act 1833

1835 (5 & 6 Wm. 4) c. 76, Municipal Corporations (England) Act 1835

1855 (18 & 19 Vict.) c. 63, Friendly Societies Act 1855

1859 (22 Vict.) c. 34, Combination of Workmen Act 1859

1867 (30 & 31 Vict.) c. 102, Representation of the People Act 1867

1871 (34 & 35 Vict.) c. 31, Trade Union Act 1871

1875 (38 & 39 Vict.) c. 86, Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875

1884 (48 & 49 Vict.) c. 3, Representation of the People Act 1884

1897 (60 & 61 Vict.) c. 37, Workmen’s Compensation Act 1897

1906 (6 Edw. 7) c. 47, Trade Disputes Act 1906

1906 (6 Edw. 7) c. 58, Workmen’s Compensation Act

1908 (8 Edw. 7) c. 40, Old Age Pensions Act 1908

1908 (8 Edw. 7) c. 57, The Coal Mines Regulation Act

1909 (9 Edw. 7) c. 7, Labour Exchanges Act 1909

1909 (9 Edw. 7) c. 22, Trade Boards Act 1909

1911 (1 & 2 Geo. 5) c. 55, National Insurance Act

1913 (3 & 4 Geo. 5) c. 30, Trade Union Act 1913

1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5) c. 15, Representation of the People Act 1920

1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5) c. 35, Representation of the People (No. 2) Act 1920

1922 (12 & 13 Geo. 5) c. 12, Representation of the People Act 1922

1922 (12 & 13 Geo. 5) c. 41, Representation of the People (No. 2) Act 1922

1927 (17 & 18 Geo. 5) c. 22, Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927

1928 (18 & 19 Geo. 5) c. 12, Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act 1928

1928 (18 & 19 Geo. 5) c. 25, Representation of the People (Reading University) Act 1928

1948 (11 & 12 Geo. 6) c. 65, Representation of the People Act 1948

1964 c. 24, Trade Union (Amalgamations, etc.) Act 1964

1968 c. 55, Friendly and Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1968

1969 c. 15, The Representation of the People Act 1969

1971 c. 66, Friendly Societies Act 1971

1974 c. 46, Friendly Societies Act 1974

1974 c. 52, Trade Union and Labour Relations Act 1974

1975 c. 65, Sex Discrimination Act 1975

1975 c. 71, Employment Protection Act 1975

1976 c. 7, Trade Union and Labour Relations (Amendment) Act 1976

1976 c. 71, The Race Relations Act 1976

1978 c. 44, Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978

1982 c. 46, Employment Act 1982

1984 c. 49, Trade Union Act 1984

1984 c. 62, Friendly Societies Act 1984

1988 c. 19, Employment Act 1988

1989 c. 38, Employment Act 1989

1990 c. 38, Employment Act 1990

1992 c. 52, Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULR(C)A 1992)

1993 c. 19, Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993

1995 c. 50, Disability Discrimination Act 1995

1996 c. 18, Employment Rights Act 1996

1998 c. 8, Employment Rights (Dispute Resolution) Act 1988

1998 c. 42, Human Rights Act 1998

1999 c. 26, Employment Relations Act 1999

2004 c. 24, Employment Relations Act 2004

2007 c. 3, Income Tax Act 2007

2008 c. 24, Employment Act 2008

2010 c. 4, Corporation Tax Act 2010

2010 c. 15, Equality Act 2010

2014 c. 4, Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Act 2014

2016 c. 15 Trade Act 2016

Statutory instruments

Statutory Instrument 2000 No. 1300, Terms and Conditions of Employment, The Trade Union Recognition (Method of Collective Bargaining) Order 2000

Regulations

Transnational Information and Consultation of Employees (Amendment) Regulations 2010

Codes of Practice

Acas Code of Practice on Time Off for Trade Union Duties and Activities (2010)

Acas Code of Practice on Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures (2015)

Acas Discipline and Grievances at Work: The Acas Guide (2017)

Department of Trade and Industry (“DTI”) Code of Practice, Access and Unfair Practices during Recognition and Derecognition Ballots (2005)

Ministry of Justice, Claims Management Regulation—Code of Practice for the Provision of Regulated Claims Management Services by Trade Unions, November 2006

Proclamations

1718 Proclamation Against Combinations of Woollen Weavers comp 4 Hughson’s London 337, reprinted in Notes and Queries, September 21, 1867

Case law (alphabetical order by case name)

Annamunthodo v. Oilfield Workers’ Trade Union [1961] AC 945

Hornby v. Close, 10 Cox CC 393 (QB 1867)

King v. The Journeymen Tailors of Cambridge, 8 Mod. 11 (Nov. 7, 1721)

Lumley v. Gye (1853) 2 E. & B. 216

R (on the application of Cable & Wireless Services UK Ltd) v. Central Arbitration Committee and Communication Workers Union (interested party) [2008] IRLR 425 HC

R v. Central Arbitration Committee and another ex parte Kwik-Fit (GB) Ltd [2002] IRLR 395 CA

R v. Lovelass and Others (1834) 172 ER 1380

R (Unison) v. Lord Chancellor [2017] YJSC 51

Rex v. Marks et al., 3 East 157 (1802)

Roebuck v. NUM (Yorkshire Area) No 2 [1978] ICR 676

Rookes v. Barnard [1964] UKHL 1

Somerset v. Stewart, 98 ER 499 (1772)

Taff Vale Rly. Co. v. Amalgamated Society of Rly. Servants, [1901] UKHL 1

United States law

Federal

LEGISLATION (CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER)

The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 (26 Stat. 209) codified at 15 U.S.C. §§ 1-7

The Corporation Excise Tax Act of 1909 (36 Stat. 113) ch. 6 § 38

The Tariff Act of 1913 (38 Stat. 172) ch. 16 § 11(G)

The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 (Pub.L. 63–212, 38 Stat. 730) codified at 15 U.S.C. § 17

Norris–LaGuardia Act of March 23, 1932 (Ch. 90, 47 Stat. 70) codified at 29 U.S.C. ch. 6

National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 (Pub.L. 73-67, 48 Stat. 195)

National Labor Relations Act of 1935, The Wagner Act (Pub.L. 74-198, 49 Stat. 449) codified at 29 U.S.C. §§ 151–69

Social Security Act of 1935 (Pub.L. 74-271, 49 Stat. 620) codified at 42 U.S.C. ch. 7.

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, The Wages and Hours Bill (Pub.L. 75-718, 52 Stat. 1060) codified at 29 U.S.C. ch. 8

The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 (Pub.L. 80-101, 61 Stat. 136) codified at 29 U.S.C. ch. 7

The Labor-Management Recording and Disclosure Act of 1959, Landrum-Griffin Act (Pub.L. 86-257, 73 Stat. 519) codified at 29 U.S.C. § 411

Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241) codified at 42 U.S.C. 1981

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (“ADEA”) (Pub. L. 90-202, 81 Stat. 602) codified at 29 U.S.C. §§ 621–4

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (“ADA”) (Pub.L. 101-336, 104 Stat. 327) codified at 42 U.S.C. ch. 126 § 12101 et seq.

 

EXECUTIVE ORDERS

Executive Order 8802 Fair Employment Practices in Defense Industries (1941)

 

UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT CASE LAW (CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER)

In re Debs, 158 U.S. 564 (1895)

Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905)

Loewe v. Lawlor, 208 U.S. 274 (1908)

Coppage v. Kansas, 236 U.S. 1 (1915)

Hitchman Coal and Coke Co. v. Mitchell, 245 U.S. 229 (1917)

Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 (1918)

Duplex Printing Press Co. v. Deering, 254 U.S. 443 (1921)

American Steel Foundries v. Tri-City Trades Council, 257 U.S. 184 (1921)

Truax v. Corrigan, 257 U.S. 312 (1921)

Baley v. Drexel, 259 U.S. 20 (1922)

United Mineworkers v. Coronado Coal Company, 259 U.S. 344 (1922)

Adkins v. Children’s Hospital, 261 U.S. 525 (1923)

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, 295 U.S. 495 (1935)

West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937)

Virginian Railway v. System Federation No. 40, 300 U.S. 515 (1937)

NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., 301 U.S. 1 (1937)

H.J. Heinz Co. v. NLRB, 311 U.S. 514 (1941)

United States v. Hutcheson, 312 U.S. 219 (1941)

J.I. Case Co. v. NLRB, 321 U.S. 332 (1944)

Order of Railroad Telegraphers v. Railway Express Agency, Inc., 321 U.S. 342 (1944)

Medo Photo Supply Corp. v. NLRB, 321 U.S. 678 (1944)

Steele v. Louisville & N. R. Co., 323 U.S. 192 (1944)

Tunstall v. Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, 323 U.S. 210 (1944)

Lincoln Federal Labor Union No. 19129, A.F. of L. v. Northwestern Iron & Metal Co., 335 U.S. 525 (1949)

American Federation of Labor v. American Sash & Door Co., 335 U.S. 538 (1949)

Radio Officers’ Union v. NLRB, 347 U.S. 17 (1954)

Mastro Plastics Corp. and French-American Reeds Mfg. Co., Inc. v. NLRB, 350 U.S. 270 (1956)

NLRB v. Truitt Mfg. Co., 351 U.S. 149 (1956)

San Diego Building Trades v. Garmon, 359 U.S. 236 (1959)

United Steelworkers v. United States, 361 U.S. 39 (1959)

NLRB v. General Motors Corp., 373 U.S. 734, 743 (1963)

NLRB v. Acme Industrial Co., 385 U.S. 432 (1967)

NLRB v. Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company et al., 388 U.S. 175 (1967)

Scofield v. NLRB, 394 U.S. 423 (1969)

H.K. Porter Co. v. NLRB, 397 U.S. 99 (1970)

Emporium Capwell Co. v. Western Addition, 420 U.S. 50 (1975)

Teamsters v. United States, 431 U.S. 324 (1977)

 

FEDERAL CASE LAW (CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER)

NLRB v. Mike Yurosek & Son, Inc., 53 F.3d 261 (9th Cir. 1995)

Alton H. Piester, LLC v. NLRB, 591 F.3d 332 (7th Cir. 2010)

International Union of Operating Engineers Local 513, AFL-CIO v. NLRB, 635 F.3d 1233 (D.C. Cir. 2011)

United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America Local 3047, et al. v. Hardin County, Kentucky, et al., 842 F.3d 407 (6th Cir. 2016)

 

NLRB CASES (CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER)

Miranda Fuel Company, Inc. and Michael Lopuch and Local 533, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, 140 NLRB 7 (1962)

Ex-Cell-O Corporation, 185 NLRB 107 (1970)

King Scoopers, Inc., 332 NLRB 4 (2000)

Schrock Cabinet Co., 339 NLRB 182 (2003)

 

STATE CASE LAW (CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER)

Commonwealth v. Pullis (Philadelphia, Pa., Mayor’s Court 1806)

Barnes v. The Boston & Worcester Railroad Corporation, Suffolk County Court of Common Pleas, Oct. term 1837 (Massachusetts)

Comm. v. Hunt, 35 Mass. (4 Merc.) 111 (1842)

Vegelahn v. Guntner, 167 Mass. 92 (1896)

Opinion of the Justices, 401 A.2d 135, 147 (Me. 1979)

Schaffer v. Board of Education, 869 S.W.2d 163, 166-68 (Mo.Ct.App. 1993)

Cone v. Nevada Service Employees Union, 998 P.2d 1178 (Nev. 2000)