Show Less
You do not have access to this content

From Chasing Violations to Managing Risks

Origins, Challenges and Evolutions in Regulatory Inspections

Florentin Blanc

Florentin Blanc focuses specifically on regulatory inspections and enforcement, their historical development, contrasted approaches and methods, and their relative effectiveness in achieving regulatory objectives. Inspections aimed at verifying compliance with regulations are one of the most significant activities of modern states in terms of the number of staff employed or of people affected, and one of the most visible ones – but have long remained relatively under-researched, or at least not considered "as such".
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

Bibliography

Florentin Blanc

Note: all websites referenced here and in footnotes of the main text were last accessed on 4 April 2016, except where otherwise noted.

Abbot, C. (2009), Enforcing Pollution Control Regulation. Strengthening Sanctions and Improving Deterrence, Oxford: Hart Publishing

Adler, M. (2005), ‘QALYs and Policy Evaluation: A New Perspective’, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Paper 59

Adriaanse, P.C., Barkhuysen, T., Habib, K., Kruif, C. de, Ouden, W. den, Voermans, W.J.M., Boswijk, P., Luchtman, M.J.J.P., Prechal, S., Steunenberg, B., Vervaele, J.A.E., de Vries, S. and Widdershoven, R.J.G.M. (2008), ‘Implementation of EU Enforcement Provisions: between European Control and National Practice’, Review of European Administrative Law, 1(2), pp. 83–97, available at: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/13315

Akerlof, G.A. (1970), ‘The Market for “Lemons”: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism’, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 84(3), pp. 488–500, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1879431

Aldrich, M. (1997), Safety First: Technology, Labor, and Business in the Building of American Work Safety 1870–1939, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press

Aldrich, M. (2001), History of Workplace Safety in the United States, 1880–1970, EH.net Encyclopedia, edited by Whaples, R., available at: http://eh.net/encyclopedia/history-of-workplace-safety-in-the-united-states-1880-1970/

Alemanno, A. (2014), ‘What Role for a Chief Scientist in the European Union System of Scientific Advice?’, European Journal of Risk and Regulation, 3, pp. 286–292

Alemanno, A. and Sibony, A.-L. (2015), Nudge and the Law. A European Perspective, Oxford: Hart Publishing

Allingham, M.G. and Sandmo, A. (1972), ‘Income Tax Evasion: A Theoretical Analysis’, Journal of Public Economics, 1, p. 323

Alsberg, C.L. (1921), ‘Progress in Federal Food Control’, in Ravenel M.P. (ed.), A Half Century of Public Health, New York: American Public Health Association

Arnoux, M. (2012), Le Temps des laboureurs: Travail, ordre social et croissance en Europe (XIe–XIVe siècle), Paris: Éditions Albin Michel

Asakura, H. (2003), World History of the Customs and Tariffs, Brussels: World Customs Organization

Ashworth, A. (2000), ‘Is the Criminal Law a Lost Cause?’, Law Quarterly Review, 116, pp. 225–256

Auribault, D. (1906), ‘Note sur l’hygiène et la sécurité des ouvriers dans les filatures et tissages d’amiante’, Bulletin de l’inspection du travail 1906, Paris: Ministère du Travail et de la Prévoyance Sociale, pp. 120–132, available at: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/amiante_1905.pdf

Austin, M. and Vidal-Naquet, P. (1972), Economies et Sociétés en Grèce Ancienne, Paris: Armand Colin

Ayres, I. and Braithwaite, J. (1992), Responsive Regulation: Transcending the Deregulation Debate, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Bacquié, F. (1927), Un siècle d’histoire de l’industrie: Les inspecteurs des manufactures sous l’ancien régime, 1669–1791; étude historique et anecdotique d’après des documents inédits, Toulouse: Éditions E. B. Soubiron

Badian, E. (1983), Publicans and Sinners: Private Enterprise in the Service of the Roman Republic, Ithaca: Cornell University Press

Bakirtzi, E., Schoukens, P., and Pieters, D. (2011), ‘Case Studies in Merging the Administrations of Social Security Contribution and Taxation’, in Collaborating Across Boundaries Series, Washington, DC: IBM Center for The Business of Government, available at: http://www.businessofgovernment.org/sites/default/files/Case%20Studies%20in%20Merging%20the%20Administrations%20of%20Social%20Security%20Contribution%20and%20Taxation.pdf

Baldwin, R. (1990), ‘Why Rules Don’t Work’, The Modern Law Review, 53, pp. 321–337

Baldwin, R. (1995), Rules and Government, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Baldwin, R. (2007), ‘Better Regulation: Tensions aboard the Enterprise’, in Weatherill, S. (ed.), Better Regulation, Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 27–47

Baldwin, R. and Black, J. (2008), ‘Really Responsive Regulation’, Modern Law Review, 71(1), pp. 59–94

Baldwin, R. and Black, J. (2010), ‘Really Responsive Risk-Based Regulation’, Law and Policy, 32(2), pp. 181–213

Baldwin, R., Cave, M. and Lodge, M. (eds.) (2010), The Oxford Handbook of Regulation, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Baldwin, R., Cave, M. and Lodge, M. (2011), Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy and Practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Baldwin, R. and Daintith, T. (eds.) (1992), Harmonization and Hazard. Regulating Workplace Health and Safety in the European Community, London: Graham Trotman

Baldwin, R., Hood, C., Rothstein, H., Hutter, B.M. and Power, M. (2000), Risk Management and Business Regulation – CARR Launch Paper, London: London School of Economics and Political Science

Ballantine, B. (2005), Enhancing the Role of Science in the Decision-making of the European Union, EPC Working Paper n. 17, European Policy Centre

Balleisen, E.J., Bennear, L.S., Krawiec, K.D. and Wiener, J.B. (eds.) (2017), Policy Shocks: Recalibrating Risk and Regulation after Oil Spills, Nuclear Accidents and Financial Crises, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Banks, G. (2006), Rethinking Regulation. Report of the Taskforce on Reducing Regulatory Burdens on Business, Commonwealth of Australia

Bardach, E. and Kagan, R.A. (1982), Going by the Book. The Problem of Regulatory Unreasonableness, Philadelphia: Temple University Press

Bartel, A.P. and Thomas, L.G. (1985), ‘Direct and Indirect Effects of Regulation: A New Look at OSHA’s Impact’, Journal of Law and Economics, 28(1), pp. 1–25

Battersby, S. (ed.) (2011), Clay’s Handbook of Environmental Health, 20th edition, New York: Spon Press

Beck, U. (1992), Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity, Sage Publications (original German edition: 1986)

Becker, G.S. (1968), ‘Crime and Punishment: an Economic Approach’, Journal of Political Economy, 76, pp. 169–217

Bentata, P. and Faure, M. (2015), ‘The Role of ENGOs in Environmental Litigation: A French Case Study’, Env. Pol. Gov. 2015, doi: 10.1002/eet.1682

Bergh, A. and Lyttkens, C.H. (2014), ‘Measuring Institutional Quality in Ancient Athens’, Journal of Institutional Economics, pp. 279–310

Bernstein, M.H. (1955), Regulating Business by Independent Commission, Princeton: Princeton University Press

Better Regulation Delivery Office (2010), Common Approach to Competency for Regulators, London: UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills, available at: http://www.regulatorsdevelopment.info/grip/sites/default/files/project-overview.pdf

Better Regulation Delivery Office (2012), Common Approach to Risk Assessment, London: UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/common-approach-to-risk-assessment

Better Regulation Delivery Office (2013), An Impact and Outcome Toolkit for the Regulation of Age-Restricted Sales, London: UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/262929/13-1077-arp-toolkit.pdf

Better Regulation Delivery Office (2013), Interim Evaluation of Primary Authority Final Report, London: UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/primary-authority-evaluation

Better Regulation Delivery Office (2013), Primary Authority Statutory Guidance, London: UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/263072/13-1191-primary-authority-statutory-guidance.pdf

Better Regulation Delivery Office (2015), Primary Authority Extension and Simplification, UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/primary-authority-extension-and-simplification and https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/446161/pa-and-growth.pdf

Better Regulation Executive (2008), Improving Outcomes from Health and Safety, UK Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090609003228/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file47324.pdf

Better Regulation Executive (2009), The Good Guidance Guide: Taking the Uncertainty Out of Regulation, London: UK Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090609003228/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file49881.pdf

Better Regulation Executive, Department for Business Environment and Regulatory Reform, National Audit Office (2008), Effective Inspection and Enforcement: Implementing the Hampton Vision in the Food Standards Agency, available at: https://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/Food_SA_Hampton_report.pdf

Bevan, G. and Hood, C. (2006), ‘What’s Measured Is What Matters: Targets and Gaming in the English Public Health Care System’, Public Administration, 84(3), pp. 517–538, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9299.2006.00600.x

Bijker, W., Bal, R. and Hendriks, R. (2009), The Paradox of Scientific Authority. The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies, Cambridge: MIT Press

Bivens, J. (2012), Macroeconomic Effects of Regulatory Changes in Economies with Large Output Gaps – The ‘Toxics Rule’ as an Example, Economic Policy Institute, available at: http://www.epi.org/publication/wp292-regulation-output-gaps/, [Accessed 17 Mar. 2016]

Bix, B. (1996), ‘Natural Law Theory’, in Patterson, D.M. (ed.), A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory, Cambridge: Blackwell Publishing

Bix, B. (1996), Jurisprudence: Theory and Context, Boulder: Westview Press

Bix, B. (1999), ‘On Description and Legal Reasoning,’ in Meyer, L. (ed.), Rules and Reasoning, Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 7–28

Black, D.J. (1970), ‘Production of Crime Rates’, American Sociological Review, 35, pp. 733–748, available at: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-1224%28197008%2935%3A4%3C733%3APOCR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-F

Black, D.J. (1973), ‘The Mobilization of Law’, Journal of Legal Studies, 2, pp. 125–149

Black, J. (1997), Rules and Regulators, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Black, J. (2001), ‘Managing Discretion’, in Penalties: Policy, Principles and Practice in Government Regulation, ARLC Conference Papers

Black, J. (2010), ‘The Role of Risk in Regulatory Processes’, in Baldwin, R., Cave, M. and Lodge, M. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Regulation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 302–348

Black, J. and Baldwin, R. (2012), ‘When Risk Based Regulation Aims Low: Approaches and Challenges’, Regulation and Governance, 6(1), pp. 2–22

Blagojevic, S. and Damijan, J.P. (2012), ‘Impact of Private Incidence of Corruption and Firm Ownership on Performance of Firms in Central and Eastern Europe’, LICOS Discussion Paper No. 310, Leuven: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, available at: http://feb.kuleuven.be/drc/licos/publications/dp/dp310.pdf, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2084609

Blanc, F. (2009), Measuring Business Inspections: A Quick Guide to Surveys and Other Methodologies, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/02/13817927/measuring-business-inspections-quick-guide-surveys-other-methodologies

Blanc, F. (2011a), Reforming Inspections, Measuring Success – Challenges in Former Soviet Republics and their Neighbours, Paper presented to the ECPR General Conference, Reykjavik, available at: http://www.ecprnet.eu/MyECPR/proposals/reykjavik/uploads/papers/2136.pdf

Blanc, F. (2011b), ‘Moving Away from Total Control. What the Experiences of Former Soviet Countries Can Tell Us About Risk and Regulation’, in van Tol, J., Helsloot, I. and Mertens, F.J.H. (eds.), Veiligheid boven alles? Essays over oorzaken en gevolgen van de risico-regelreflex, The Hague: Boom Lemma, pp. 137–146

Blanc, F. (2012a), Reforming Inspections: Why, How and with What Results?, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, available at: http://www.oecd.org/regreform/Inspection%20reforms%20-%20web%20-F.%20Blanc.pdf

Blanc, F. (2012b), ‘Moving Away From Total Control in Former Communist Countries – the RRR in Inspections, and Lessons Learned from Reforming Them’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3, pp. 327–341

Blanc, F. (2016), ‘Harmonizing Enforcement in Product Markets and Establishments Safety at the European Level – Approaches, Outcomes, Lessons Learned’, Cross-border Cooperation between National Inspectorates. Conference paper presented at the International Conference on Enforcement in a Europe without Borders, 23 February 2016, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, pp. 10–25

Blanc, F. and Franco-Temple, E. (2013), Introducing a Risk-based Approach to Regulate Businesses: How to Build a Risk Matrix to Classify Enterprises or Activities, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.banquemondiale.org/curated/fr/2013/09/20216962/introducing-risk-based-approach-regulate-businesses-build-risk-matrix-classify-enterprises-or-activities

Blanc, F., Macrae, D. and Ottimofiore, G. (2015), Understanding and Addressing the Risk Regulation Reflex. Lessons from International Experience in Dealing with Risk, Responsibility and Regulation, Netherlands Ministry of Internal Affairs, The Hague, available at: https://www.government.nl/documents/reports/2015/01/21/understanding-and-addressing-the-risk-regulation-reflex

Blanc, F. and Ottimofiore, G. (2016), ‘Consultation’, in Radaelli, C. and Dunlop, C. (eds.), Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 155–176

Blanc, F. and Ottimofiore, G. (2017), ‘The Interplay of Mandates and Accountability in Enforcement within the EU’, in Scholten, M. and Luchtman, M. (eds.), Law Enforcement by EU Authorities. Implications for Political and Judicial Accountability, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 272–304

Blancou, J. (2000), Histoire de la surveillance et du contrôle des maladies animales transmissibles, Paris: Office international des épizooties

Bluff, E. and Johnstone, R. (2003), ‘Infringement Notices: Stimulus for Prevention or Trivialising Offences’, Journal of Occupational Health and Safety: Australia and New Zealand, 19(4), pp. 337–346

Bluff, E. and Johnstone, R. (2005), ‘The Relationship Between Reasonably Practicable and Risk Management Regulation’, Australian Journal of Labour Law, 18(3), pp. 197–239

Borello, S., Brambilla, G., Candela, L., Diletti, G., Gallo, P., Iacovella, N., Iovane, G., Limone, A., Migliorati, G., Pinto, O., Sarnelli, P., Serpe, L., Scortichini, G. and di Domenico, A. (2008), ‘Management of the 2008 “Buffalo Milk Crisis” in the Campania Region under the Perspective of Consumer Protection’, Organohalogen Compounds, 70, pp. 891–893, available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gianfranco_Brambilla2/publication/265894770_Management_of_the_2008_Buffalo_Milk_Crisis_in_the_Campania_Region_under_the_Perspective_of_Consumer_Protection/links/542eb72a0cf277d58e8ed7bc.pdf

Bottoms, A. and Tankebe, J. (2013), ‘Beyond Procedural Justice: A Dialogic Approach to Legitimacy in Criminal Justice’, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 102(1), pp. 119–170, available at: http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/jclc/vol102/iss1/4/

Bouder, F. (2009), Examples of Public Risk Communication, Risk and Regulation Advisory Council – UK DBERR

Bouder, F., Löfstedt, R.E. and Slavin, D. (2009), The Tolerability of Risk: A New Framework for Risk Management, London: Routledge

Bouder, F. and Löfstedt, R.E. (2014), Risk, London: Routledge

Bouquet, L. (1895), ‘Organisation de l’inspection des fabriques en France’, Bulletin de l’Inspection du travail 1895, Paris: Ministère du Commerce, de l’Industrie, des Postes et des Télégraphes, pp. 91–110, available at: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Organisation_de_l_inspection_des_fabriques_en_France.pdf

Bourdelais, P., Raulot, J.-Y. and Demonet, M. (1978), ‘La marche du choléra en France: 1832 et 1854’, Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 33(1), pp. 125–142

Bourlès, R., Cette, G., Lopez, J., Mairesse, J. and Nicoletti, G. (2013), ‘Do Product Market Regulations In Upstream Sectors Curb Productivity Growth? Panel Data Evidence For OECD Countries’, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(5), pp. 1750–1768, Cambridge: MIT Press, doi: 10.3386/w16520

Bowles, R., Faure, M. and Garoupa, N. (2005), ‘Forfeiture of Illegal Gain: An Economic Perspective’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 25(2), pp. 275–295, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ojls/gqi014

Bowles, R., Faure, M.G. and Garoupa, N. (2008), ‘The Scope of Criminal Law and Criminal Sanctions: An Economic View and Policy Implications’, Journal of Law and Society, 35(3), pp. 389–416, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6478.2008.00444.x

Braithwaite, J. (1985), To Punish or Persuade: Enforcement of Coal Mine Safety, Albany: State University of New York Press

Braithwaite, J. (1993a), ‘Responsive Business Regulatory Institutions’, in Coady, C. and Sampford, C. (eds.), Business, Ethics and the Law, Sydney: Federation Press

Braithwaite, J. (1993b), Improving Compliance: Strategies and Practical Applications in OECD Countries, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Braithwaite, J. (2003a), ‘Making Tax Law More Certain: A Theory’, Australian Business Law Review, 31(2), pp. 72–80

Braithwaite, J. (2003b), ‘Meta Risk Management and Responsive Regulation of Tax System Integrity’, Law and Policy, 25(1), pp. 1–16

Braithwaite, J. (2003c), ‘What’s Wrong with the Sociology of Punishment?’, Theoretical Criminology, 7(1), pp. 5–28, available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=319602

Braithwaite, J. (2007), ‘Responsive Regulation and Developing Economies’, in Brown, D. and Woods, N. (eds.), Making Global Self-Regulation Effective in Developing Countries, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Braithwaite, J. (2011), ‘The Essence of Responsive Regulation’, UBC Law Review, 44(3), pp. 475–520

Braithwaite, J. and Braithwaite, V. (2001), ‘Managing Taxation Compliance: The Evolution of the Australian Taxation Office Compliance Model’, in Walpole, M. and Evans, C. (eds.), Tax Administration in the 21st Century, St. Leonards: Prospect Media

Braithwaite, J., Coglianese, G. and Levi-Faur, D. (2007), ‘Can Regulation and Governance Make a Difference’, Regulation and Governance, 1(1), pp. 1–7

Braithwaite, V. (ed.) (2002), Taxing Democracy, Aldershot: Ashgate

Braithwaite, V. (2007), ‘Responsive Regulation and Taxation: Introduction’, Law & Policy, 29(1), pp. 3–10, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9930.2007.00242.x

Braithwaite, V. and Reinhart, M. (2013), ‘Deterrence, Coping Styles and Defiance’, FinanzArchiv/Public Finance Analysis, 69(4), pp. 439–468

Breyer, S. (1993), Breaking the Vicious Circle. Toward Effective Risk Regulation, Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Bröring, H.E. and van Vorselen, E.M. (2013), ‘Lex certa en het financieel bestuursrecht’, JB Plus, 3, pp. 102–128

Bryson, A. and Kleiner, M.M. (2010), ‘The Regulation of Occupations’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 48(4), pp. 670–675, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8543.2010.00806.x

Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (2014) [SuGA 2013], Sicherheit und Gesundheit bei der Arbeit 2013 – Unfallverhütungsbericht Arbeit, Dortmund: Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales, available at: http://www.baua.de/de/Publikationen/Fachbeitraege/Suga-2013.html;jsessionid=F408E48F5081F0A5F2FE529FC070E1E2.1_cid343

Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (2016) [SuGA 2015], Sicherheit und Gesundheit bei der Arbeit 2015 – Unfallverhütungsbericht Arbeit, Dortmund: Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales, available at https://www.baua.de/DE/Angebote/Publikationen/Berichte/Suga-2015.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=5

Burgess, A. (2009a), Public Inquiries and the Management of Public Risk, Risk and Regulation Advisory Council – UK DBERR

Burgess, A. (2009b), Regulatory Storms – Some Examples, Risk and Regulation Advisory Council – UK DBERR

Burgess, A. and Macrae, D. (2012), ‘An Experimental Offensive against the Mishandling of Risk in Society: Reflecting on the Pioneering Work of the Risk and Regulation Advisory Council in the UK’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3, Lexxion, Berlin, pp. 343–351

Buruma, Y. (2004), ‘Risk Assessment and Criminal Law: Closing the Gap Between Criminal Law and Criminology’, in Bruinsma, G., Elffers, H. and de Keijser, J. (eds.), Punishment, Places Perpetrators, Cullompton: Willan

Busch, A. (2007), World Event Trading: How to Analyze and Profit from Today’s Headlines, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons

Bywater, H. (1948), ‘Public and Private Slaughterhouses in England and Wales’, The Veterinary Record, 60(19), pp. 219–220

Canton, E., Grilo, I., Monteagudo, J., Pierini, F. and Turrini, A. (2014), ‘The Role of Structural Reform for Adjustment and Growth’, ECFIN Economic Brief, European Commission, http://dx.doi.org/10.2765/72910

Canu, R. and Cochoy, F. (2004), ‘La loi de 1905 sur la répression des fraudes: un levier décisif pour l’engagement politique des questions de consommation?’, Sciences de la société, 62, pp. 69–92, available at: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00186670/

Carrigan, C. (2013), ‘Captured by Disaster? Reinterpreting Regulatory Behavior in the Shadow of the Gulf Oil Spill’, in Carpenter, D. and Moss, D. (eds.), Preventing Regulatory Capture: Special Interest Influence and How to Limit It, Cambridge: The Tobin Project

Carrigan, C. and Coglianese, C. (2012), ‘Oversight in Hindsight: Assessing the U.S. Regulatory System in the Wake of Calamity’, in Coglianese, C. (ed.), Regulatory Breakdown. The Crisis of Confidence in U.S. Regulation, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press

Carroll, P. (2006a), Rethinking Regulation: An Assessment of the Report of the Taskforce, refereed paper presented to the Australasian Political Studies Association conference, University of Newcastle, 25–27 September 2006

Carroll, P. (2006b), Regulatory Impact Analysis: Promise and Reality, paper presented to the ECPR/CRI ‘Frontiers of Regulation. Assessing Scholarly Debates and Policy Challenges’ conference, University of Bath, 7–8 September 2006

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1999), ‘Improvements in Workplace Safety – United States, 1990–1999’, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 48(22), pp. 461–468, available at: http://www.cDC.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm4822.pdf

Centre for Corporate Accountability (2007), International comparison of (a) techniques used by state bodies to obtain compliance with health and safety law and accountability for administrative and criminal offences and (b) sentences for criminal offences, Health and Safety Executive, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr607.htm

Chang, H.-J. (2007), Bad Samaritans. The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism, London: Bloomsbury Press, available at: https://analepsis.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/ha-joon-chang-bad-samaritans.pdf

Chapelle, M.-C. and Clément, P. (2015), Mission d’étude sur les difficultés d’approvisionnement des entreprises de la plasturgie, Conseil général de l’économie, de l’industrie, de l’énergie et des technologies, available at: http://www.economie.gouv.fr/files/files/directions_services/cge/Rapports/2015_12_29_RAPPORT_PLASTURGIE.pdf

Charpin, D. (2010), ‘The Status of the Code of Hammurabi’, in Charpin, D., Writing, Law, and Kingship in Old Babylonian Mesopotamia, Chicago: University of Chicago Press,‎ pp. 71–83

Clark, L. (1999), ‘The Politics of Regulation: A Comparative Historical Study of Occupational Health and Safety Regulation in Australia and the United States’, Australian Journal of Public Administration, 58(2), pp. 94–104

Coglianese, C., Kilmartin, H. and Mendelson, E. (2009), ‘Transparency and Public Participation in the Rulemaking Process’, Faculty Scholarship, Paper 238

Cohen, N. (2011), Policy Entrepreneurs and the Design of Public Policy: Conceptual Framework and the Case of the National Health Insurance Law in Israel, Open University of Israel: Working Paper n. 7/2011

Cointepas, M. (2001), ‘Les circulaires Millerand de 1900’, Cahiers du Chatefp, 5, available at: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Les_circulaires_Millerand_de_1900.pdf

Coolidge, J., Grava, L. and Putnina, S. (2003), Case Study: Inspectorate Reform in Latvia 1999–2003, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2003/12/5598512/case-study-inspectorate-reform-latvia-1999-2003

Coppin, C.A. and High, J.C. (1999), The Politics of Purity: Harvey Washington Wiley and the Origins of Federal Food Policy, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Cordova-Novion, C. and Sahovic, T. (2010), Inspections Reforms: Do Models Exist?, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: https://www.wbginvestmentclimate.org/uploads/inspection%20reforms%20paper.pdf

Cullen, W.D. (2001), The Ladbroke Grove Rail Inquiry – Part 1 and Part 2: Report

Davey, C. (2011), ‘Environmental Health and the Law and its Enforcement’, in Battersby, S. (ed.), Clay’s Handbook of Environmental Health, 20th edition, New York: Spon Press, pp. 255–314

de Ridder, K. and Reinders, S. (2015), Regulation, Oversight, and the Risk Regulation Reflex. An Essay in Public Administration in the Context of the Dutch Risk and Responsibilities Programme, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Dechezleprêtre, A. and Sato, M. (2014), ‘The Impacts of Environmental Regulations on Competitiveness’, Policy Brief, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London: LSE

Deepwater Horizon Study Group (2011), ‘Final Report on the Investigation of the Macondo Well Blowout’, available at: http://ccrm.berkeley.edu/pdfs_papers/bea_pdfs/dhsgfinalreport-march2011-tag.pdf.

Delfau, G. (1978), ‘Le positivisme, l’histoire de la critique et nous’, Romantisme, 8(21), pp. 233–238, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/roman.1978.5221

Della Porta, D. and Keating, M. (eds.) (2008), Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences: A Pluralist Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Denisova-Schmidta, E. and Huber, M. (2014), ‘Regional Differences in Perceived Corruption among Ukrainian Firms’, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 55(1), pp. 10–36, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15387216.2014.915757

Department of Treasury/Council of Economic Advisers/Department of Labor (2015), Occupational Licensing: A Framework for Policymakers, available at: https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/licensing_report_final_nonembargo.pdf

Diver, C.S. (1983), ‘The Optimal Precision of Administrative Rules’, The Yale Law Journal, 93(1), pp. 65–109, available at: http://doi.org/10.2307/796245

Djankov, S., La Porta, R., Lopez-De-Silanes, F., and Shleifer, A. (2002), ‘The Regulation of Entry’, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(1), pp. 1–37

Djankov, S., McLiesh, C. and Ramalho, R.M. (2006), Regulation and Growth, World Bank, available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=893321, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.893321

Duby, G. (1978), Les Trois Ordres ou L’imaginaire du féodalisme, Collection Bibliothèque des Histoires, Paris: Éditions Gallimard

Dunlop, C.A. (2014), Health and Safety Myth-busters Challenge Panel: Case Analysis, available at: http://www.exeter.ac.uk/media/universityofexeter/collegeofsocialsciencesandinternationalstudies/politics/research/ceg/policyexchange/University_of_Exeter_HSE_Report_Final.pdf

Dunlop, C.A., Jonathan, C. and Radaelli, C.M. (2014), Local Authority Officers and the Primary Authority Scheme: Survey Report, Exeter: University of Exeter, available at: https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/handle/10871/17119

Dugeree, J. (2018 forthcoming), ‘Mongolia: Creating a Single Regulator’, in Hodges, C. and Russell, G. (eds.), Regulatory Delivery, London: Bloomsbury Publishing

Dworkin, R.M. (1977), Taking Rights Seriously, Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Dworkin, R.M. (1986), Law’s Empire, Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Edith, I.N. and Ochubiojo, E.M. (2012), ‘Food Quality Control: History, Present and Future’, in Valdez, B. (ed.), Scientific, Health and Social Aspects of the Food Industry, InTech, pp. 421–438, available at: http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/27397.pdf

Eggertsson, G., Ferrero, A. and Raffo, A. (2013), ‘Can Structural Reforms Help Europe?’, International Finance Discussion Papers, 1092, Washington, DC: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Elffers, H. (2005), De rationele regelovertreder, inaugural lecture for Antwerp University, 26 October 2004, The Hague: Boom Juridische Uitgevers

Elffers, H. and Hessing, D.J. (1997), ‘Het nut van sanctions’, Ars Aequi, 46, pp. 490–496, available at: http://www.arsaequi.nl/zr/maandbladartikel/7990/Het_nut_van_sancties.html

Elffers, H., Verboon, P. and Huisman, W. (eds.) (2006), Managing and Maintaining Compliance, The Hague: Boom Legal Publishers

Eliakim, P. (2013), Absurdité à la française, Paris: Robert Laffont

Endicott, T. (2015), Administrative Law (third edition), Oxford: Oxford University Press

Epstein, R. (2008), ‘The Neo-classical Economics of Consumer Contracts’, Minnesota Law Review, 92, pp. 803–835

Esty, D. and Porter, M. (2005), National Environmental Performance: An Empirical Analysis of Policy Results and Determinants, Yale, Faculty Scholarship Series – Paper 430, available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/430

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (1999), Transition Report 1999: Ten Years of Transition, London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, available at: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/sternn/078NHS1999.pdf

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (2000), Transition Report 2000: Employment, Skills and Transition, London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, available at: http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/research/transition/TR00.pdf

European Commission (2007), 50 years of Food Safety in the European Union, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities

European Commission (2009a), Impact Assessment Guidelines, 15 January, SEC(2009) 92, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/impact/commission_guidelines/docs/iag_2009_en.pdf

European Commission (2009b), Part III: Annexes Do Impact Assessment Guidelines, 15 January, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/impact/commission_guidelines/docs/iag_2009_annex_en.pdf

European Commission (2010), ‘Guidance Document on the Implementation of Articles 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 of Regulation EC/178/2002 on General Food Law’, Conclusions of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/docs/gfl_req_guidance_rev_8_en.pdf

European Environment Agency (2001), Late Lessons from Early Warnings: The Precautionary Principle 1896–2000, Environmental issue report n. 22

Everson, M. and Vos, E. (2008), ‘European Risk Governance in a Global Context’, in Vos, E. (ed.), European Risk Governance – Its Science, Its Inclusiveness and Its Effectiveness, CONNEX Report Series Nr 06, Mannheim, available at: http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/projekte/typo3/site/fileadmin/BookSeries/Volume_Six/CONNEX%20Report%20Series%20Book%206.pdf

Eves, D. (2014), ‘Two Steps Forward, One Step Back’, A Brief History of the Origins, Development and Implementation of Health and Safety Law in the United Kingdom, 1802–2014, History of Occupational Safety and Health website, available at: http://www.historyofosh.org.uk/brief/

Eythórsson, E. (1996), ‘Theory and Practice of ITQs in Iceland. Privatization of Common Fishing Rights’, Marine Policy, 20(3), pp. 269–281, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0308-597X(96)00009-7

Fagotto, E. (2015), Industry Food Safety Standards: Public and Private Interest in Food Safety, Rotterdam: Erasmus Universiteit

Faure, M.G. (2014), ‘The Complementary Roles of Liability, Regulation and Insurance in Safety Management: Theory and Practice’, Journal of Risk Research, 17(5–6), pp. 689–707, doi: 10.1080/13669877.2014.889199

Faure, M.G., Ogus, A.I. and Philipsen, N.J. (2008), ‘Enforcement Practices for Breaches of Consumer Protection Legislation’, Loyola Consumer Law Review, 20(4), pp. 361–401

Faure, M.G. and Wang, H. (2008), ‘Financial Caps for Oil Pollution Damage: A Historical Mistake?’, Marine Policy, 32(4), pp. 592–606

Faure, M.G. and Wang, H. (2010), ‘Civil Liability and Compensation for Marine Pollution – Lessons to be Learned for Offshore Oil Spills’, Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence, 8(3), pp. 1–27, doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2007.10.008

Feintuck, M. (2010), ‘Regulatory Rationales Beyond the Economic: In Search of the Public Interest’, in Baldwin, R., Cave, M. and Lodge, M. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Regulation, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Fellner, G., Sausgruber, R. and Traxler, C. (2013), ‘Testing Enforcement Strategies in the Field: Threat, Moral Appeal and Social Information’, Journal of the European Economic Association, 11, pp. 634–660, doi: 10.1111/jeea.12013

Ferrières, M. (2005), Sacred Sacred Cow, Mad Cow: A History of Food Fears, Translated by Jody Gladding, 1st edition, New York: Columbia University Press

Feyer, A.-M., Willamson, A.M., Stout, N., Driscoll, T., Usher, H. and Langley, J.D. (2001), ‘Comparison of Work Related Fatal Injuries in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand: Method and Overall Findings’, Injury Prevention, 7(1), pp. 22–28, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ip.7.1.22

Fielding, J.E., Aguirre, A., Palaiologos, E. (2001), ‘Effectiveness of Altered Incentives in a Food Safety Inspection Program’, Preventive Medicine, 32, pp. 239–244, doi:10.1006/pmed.2000.0796

Finnis, J. (1980), Natural Law and Natural Rights, 2nd edition 2011, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Finnis, J. (1999), ‘The Truth in Legal Positivism’, in George, R.P. (ed.), The Autonomy of Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 195–214

Fjeldstad, O. and Semboja, J. (2001), ‘Why People Pay Taxes: The Case of the Development Levy in Tanzania’, World Development, 29(12), pp. 2059–2074

Florin, M.-V. (2014), ‘Dealing with the Challenge of Evidence-based Decision-making in Situations of Uncertainty and Emergency’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3, pp. 303–308

Flynn, A., Carson, L., Lee, B., Marsden, T. and Thankappan, S. (2004), The Food Standards Agency: Making a Difference?, Cardiff University: BRASS Centre, Cardiff, available at: http://www.lse.ac.uk/accounting/CARR/events/previousConferencesWorkshops/brass/Brass%20PresentationsPapers/flynnPaper.pdf

Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (2006), Understanding The Codex Alimentarius, 3rd edition, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, available at: ftp://ftp.fao.org/codex/Publications/understanding/Understanding_EN.pdf

Food and Agriculture Organization (2008), Risk-based Food Inspection Manual, FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 89, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, available at: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/i0096e/i0096e00.pdf

Food Standards Agency (2007), Safer Food, Better Business Programme – Milestone Evaluation Report, available at: http://tna.europarchive.org/20120419000433/http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/board/fsa071204.pdf

Fox, R. (1995a), ‘Criminal Justice on the Spot: Infringement Penalties in Victoria’, Australian Studies in Law, Crime and Justice, Australian Institute of Criminology: Canberra

Fox, R. (1995b), ‘Infringement notices: time for reform’, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 50, Australian Institute of Criminology: Canberra

Frank, R.H. and Sunstein, C.R. (2000), ‘Cost-Benefit Analysis and Relative Position’, Working paper 00-5, AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies

Friesen, L. (2003), ‘Targeting Enforcement to Improve Compliance with Environmental Regulations’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 46(1), pp. 72–85, doi:10.1016/S0095-0696(02)00033-5

Fuller, L.L. (1958), ‘Positivism and Fidelity to Law – A Reply to Professor Hart’, Harvard Law Review, 71(4), pp. 630–672, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1338225

Fuller, L.L. (1964), The Morality of Law, 2nd revised edition 1969, New Haven: Yale University Press

Fuller, L.L. (1965), ‘A Reply to Professors Cohen and Dworkin’, Villanova Law Review, 10(4), pp. 655–666, available at: http://digitalcommons.law.villanova.edu/vlr/vol10/iss4/5/

Garoupa, N. (2000), ‘The Economics of Organized Crime and Optimal Law Enforcement’, Economic Inquiry, 38, pp. 278–288, doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2000.tb00017.x

Gauchet, M. (1985), Le Désenchantement du monde: Une histoire politique de la religion, Collection Bibliothèque des Sciences humaines, Paris: Éditions Gallimard

Gibbs Brown, J. (2000), FDA Oversight of State Food Firm Inspections: A Call for Greater Accountability, Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-01-98-00400.pdf

Gilbert, D.T., King, G., Pettigrew, S. and Wilson, T.D. (2016), ‘Comment on “Estimating the Reproducibility of Psychological Science”’, Science, 351(6277), pp. 1037–1038, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aad7243

GAO (2001), FOOD SAFETY. Weaknesses in Meat and Poultry Inspection Pilot Should Be Addressed Before Implementation, United States General Accounting Office Report to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, US Senate, available at: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-02-59

Gotsadze, G., Chikovani, I., Goguadze, K., Balabanova, D. and McKee, M. (2010), ‘Reforming Sanitary-epidemiological Service in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union: An Exploratory Study’, BMC Public Health, 10, pp. 1–10, available at: http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-10-440

Goyard-Fabre, S. (2002), Les embarras philosophiques du droit naturel, Paris: Librairie philosophique J. Vrin

Grabosky, P. and Braithwaite, J. (1986), Of Manners Gentle: Enforcement Strategies of Australian Business Regulatory Agencies, Melbourne: Oxford University Press

Grasmick, H.G. and Green, D.E. (1980), ‘Legal Punishment, Social Disapproval and Internalization as Inhibitors of Illegal Behavior’, Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 71(325), available at: http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/jclc/vol71/iss3/11

Green, S.P. (1997), ‘Why It’s a Crime to Tear the Tag Off a Mattress: Overcriminalization and the Moral Content of Regulatory Offenses’, Emory Law Journal, 47(1), abstract available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=136808

Guérard, B. (2000), ‘Inspection du travail et les débuts de la prévention des risques spécifiques’, Cahiers du Chatefp, 2, available at: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/L_inspection_du_travail_et_les_debuts_de_la_prevention_des_risques_specifiques.pdf

Gunningham, N. (2010), ‘Enforcement and Compliance Strategies’, in Baldwin, R., Cave, M. and Lodge, M. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Regulation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 120–145

Gunningham, N. and Grabosky, P. (1998), Smart Regulation: Designing Environmental Policy, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gunningham, N. and Johnstone, R. (1999), Regulating Workplace Safety: Systems and Sanctions, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gunningham, N., Kagan, R.A. and Thornton, D. (2003), Shades of Green: Business, Regulation and Environment, Stanford: Stanford University Press

Hammitt, J.K., Wiener, J., Swedlow, B., Kall, D. and Zhou, Z. (2005), ‘Precautionary Regulation in Europe and the United States: A Quantitative Comparison’, Risk Analysis, 25, pp. 1215–1228, available at: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/risk/25/5, doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.20052.00662.x

Hampton, P. (2005), Reducing Administrative Burdens: Effective Inspection and Enforcement, HM Treasury, London, www.berr.gov.uk/files/file22988.pdf

Harbo, T.-I. (2010), ‘The Function of the Proportionality Principle in EU Law’, European Law Journal, 16(2), pp. 158–185

Hardy, A. (2010), ‘John Bull’s Beef: Meat Hygiene and Veterinary Public Health in England in the Twentieth Century’, Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies – Revue d’Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement, 91(4), pp. 369–392, available at: http://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/6455099.pdf

Harel, A. and Klement, A. (2007), ‘The Economics of Stigma: Why More Detection of Crime May Result in Less Stigmatization’, Journal of Legal Studies, 36(2), Article 5, available at: http://law.huji.ac.il/upload/stigma.pdf

Harrington, W. and Morgenstern, R.D. (2004), Evaluating Regulatory Impact Analyses, Discussion Paper: Resources for the Future, Washington DC

Hawkins, K. (1984), Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Hawkins, K. (1990), ‘Compliance Strategy, Prosecution Policy, and Aunt Sally: A Comment on Pearce and Khwaja’, The British Journal of Criminology, 30(4), Autumn, pp. 444–466

Hawkins, K. (1991), ‘Enforcing Regulation – More of the Same from Pearce and Tombs’, British Journal of Criminology, 31, pp. 427ff.

Hawkins, K. (ed.) (1992), The Uses of Discretion, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Hawkins, K. (2002), Law as Last Resort – Prosecution Decision-Making in a Regulatory Agency, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Health and Safety Executive (1983), Her Majesty’s Inspectors of Factories, 1833–1983: Essays to Commemorate 150 Years of Health and Safety Inspection, London: HMSO

Health and Safety Executive (2009), Enforcement Policy Statement, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/hse41.pdf

Health and Safety Executive (2013), Enforcement Management Model (EMM) – Operational version 3.2, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/enforce/emm.pdf

Health and Safety Executive (2015a), European Comparisons – Summary of UK Performance, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/european/european-comparisons.pdf

Health and Safety Executive (2015b), Statistics on Fatal Injuries in the Workplace in Great Britain 2015, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/pdf/fatalinjuries.pdf

Health and Safety Laboratory (2014), Research into Regulatory Decision-Making in HSE’s Field Operations Directorate Following the Introduction of Fee for Intervention, Health and Safety Executive, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/fee-for-intervention/ffi-review-appendix-1.pdf

Helsloot, I. (2012), Veiligheid als (bij)product – Over beleidsontwikkeling in interactie tussen, Radboud Universiteit, Nijmegen, available at: http://crisislab.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/Oratie_Ira_Helsloot_21-09-2012.pdf

Helsloot, I. and Schmidt, A. (2012a), ‘The Intractable Citizen and the Single-Minded Risk Expert – Mechanisms Causing the Risk Regulation Reflex Pointed Out in the Dutch Risk and Responsibility Programme’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3, Lexxion, Berlin, pp. 305–312,

Helsloot, I. and Schmidt, A. (2012b), Risicoaansprakelijkheid als vervanging van overheidstoezicht in de bouw?, The Hague: Boom Lemma uitgevers, available at: http://crisislab.nl/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/Risicoaansprakelijkheid_als_vervanging_van_overheidstoezicht_in_de_bouw.pdf

Helsloot, I. and Scholtens, A. (2015), Krachten risico-regelreflex beschreven en geïllustreerd in 27 voorbeelden, The Hague: Boom Lemma uitgevers, available at: https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2015/07/07/krachten-rond-de-risico-regelreflex-beschreven-en-geillustreerd-in-27-voorbeelden

Hey, C. (2006), ‘EU Environmental Policies: A Short History of the Policy Strategies’, in Scheuer, S. (ed.), EU Environmental Policy Handbook. A Critical Analysis of EU Environmental Legislation, European Environmental Bureau, pp. 17–30

Himma, K.E. (1999), ‘Incorporationism and the Objectivity of Moral Norms’, Legal Theory, 5(4), pp. 415–434, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352325299054038

Himma, K.E. (2002), Inclusive Legal Positivism’, in Coleman, J.L. and Shapiro, S. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=928098

Himma, K.E. (n.d.), ‘Natural Law’, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, available at: http://www.iep.utm.edu/natlaw/ [accessed 13 August 2015]

HM Revenue and Customs (2010), Delivering a New Relationship with Business – Reducing Burdens and Helping Businesses Get It Right, London, available at: www.hmrc.gov.uk/budget2010/new-rel-paper-1340.pdf

Hodges, C. (2015a), ‘Corporate Behaviour: Enforcement, Support or Ethical Culture?’, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19/2015, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2599961

Hodges, C. (2015b), Law and Corporate Behaviour, Oxford: Hart Publishing

Hoekstra, R.J. (2010), Angel en Antenne. Het functioneren van de Inspectie voor de Gezondheidszorg inde casus van de neuroloog van het Medisch Spectrum Twente, The Hague

Hofmann, E., Hoelzl, E. and Kirchler, E. (2008), ‘Preconditions of Voluntary Tax Compliance: Knowledge and Evaluation of Taxation, Norms, Fairness, and Motivation to Cooperate’, Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 216(4), pp. 209–217, doi:10.1027/0044-3409.216.4.209

Hogg, P.-D. (2007), Safer Food Better Business and its Impact on Food Business Throughout Torridge and North Devon District Council Areas, Bideford: Torridge District Council, available at: http://www.torridge.gov.uk/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=265&p=0

Hood, C., Rothstein, H. and Baldwin, R. (2001), The Government of Risk. Understanding Risk Regulation Regimes, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Hout, F.A.G., Nienhuis E., Robben P.B.M., Frederiks B.J.M. and Legemaate J. (2010), ‘Supervision by the Dutch Healthcare Inspectorate’, European Journal of Health Law, 17, pp. 347–360

Hutter, B.M. (1986), ‘An Inspector Calls: The Importance of Proactive Enforcement in the Regulatory Context’, British Journal of Criminology, 26(2), pp. 114–128

Hutter, B.M. (1997), Compliance: Regulation and Environment, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Hutter, B.M. (2010) ‘Introduction: Anticipating Risk and Organising Risk Regulation: Current Dilemmas’, in Hutter, B.M. (ed.), Anticipating Risks and Organising Risk Regulation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hutter, B.M. (2011), Managing Food Safety and Hygiene: Governance and Regulation as Risk Management, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing

Hutter, B.M. and Amodu, T. (2008), Risk Regulation and Compliance: Food Safety in the UK, NCP, NCP.04219, London: London School of Economics and Political Science

Independent FFI Review Panel (2014), Fee for Intervention (FFI) – The First Eighteen Month’s Experience, available at: http://www.hse.gov.uk/fee-for-intervention/independent-ffi-review-panel-final-report-2014.pdf

International Finance Corporation (2004), Business Environment in Belarus as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTBELARUS/Resources/IFCbusinessSMBen.pdf

International Finance Corporation (2004), Business Environment in Georgia as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group

International Finance Corporation (2004), Business Environment in Tajikistan as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2004/01/7547228/business-environment-tajikistan-seen-small-medium-businesses

International Finance Corporation (2005), Business Environment in Ukraine, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/01/7549203/business-environment-ukraine-2005

International Finance Corporation (2005), Business Environment in Uzbekistan as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2005/12/10124079/business-environment-uzbekistan-seen-small-medium-enterprises-survey-results-based-2004

International Finance Corporation (2006), Business Environment in Belarus as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/01/9318038/analytical-report-business-environment-belarus-2006

International Finance Corporation (2006), Business Environment in Tajikistan as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/01/8285724/business-environment-tajikistan-seen-small-medium-enterprises-2006

International Finance Corporation (2007), Business Environment in Georgia as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group

International Finance Corporation (2007), Business Environment in Ukraine, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2007/01/8949894/business-environment-ukraine

International Finance Corporation (2008), Technical Regulations in Ukraine: Ensuring Economic Development and Consumer Protection, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/e41e61804b5f7ab39e86bf6eac26e1c2/0625+TRSurvey_Final_ENG.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=e41e61804b5f7ab39e86bf6eac26e1c2

International Finance Corporation (2009a), Study of Small and Medium Enterprises in Azerbaijan, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/75675a804a1d4d8390d19c02f96b8a3d/eng-final.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=75675a804a1d4d8390d19c02f96b8a3d

International Finance Corporation (2009b), Business Environment in Kyrgyzstan, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: www.ifc.org/ifcext/kbeep.nsf/Content/Research

International Finance Corporation (2009c), Business Environment in Tajikistan as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/54a577004b59e256a29fb36eac26e1c2/TJ_BEE_Survey2009En.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&attachment=true&id=1339074918239

International Finance Corporation (2009d), Investment climate in Ukraine as Seen by Private Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/10/11246983/investment-climate-ukraine-seen-private-businesses

International Finance Corporation (2009e), Business Environment in Uzbekistan as Seen by Small and Medium Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/cd7949004b7e3236afcebf6eac26e1c2/UzBEE-2009-en.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=cd7949004b7e3236afcebf6eac26e1c2

International Finance Corporation (2009f), Reforming Food Safety Regulation in Ukraine: Proposals for Policymakers – A Background Policy Paper, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/fc9b75804b5f7acd9ec6bf6eac26e1c2/Food_safety_report_ENG.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=fc9b75804b5f7acd9ec6bf6eac26e1c2

International Finance Corporation (2010), Business Inspections in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar: World Bank Group, available at: www.ifc.org/ifcext/eastasia.nsf/AttachmentsByTitle/Mongolia+Business+inspections+survey+report/$FILE/Business+inspections+survey+report.pdf

International Finance Corporation (2010), Food Safety Inspections: Lessons Learned From Other Countries, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/398668004b7505b6b16db16eac26e1c2/Food_Eng.pdf?MOD=AJPERES

International Finance Corporation (2011), Investment Climate in Ukraine as Seen by Private Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/facbbf804b8692d9bf19bf6eac26e1c2/Ukraine-IC-Report_Nov2011_ENG.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=facbbf804b8692d9bf19bf6eac26e1c2

International Finance Corporation (2012), Investment Climate in the Kyrgyz Republic as Seen by Businesses, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/8044c48041a14166a932bf8d8e2dafd4/Investment_Climate_Survey_Report2012_Eng_Comp.pdf?MOD=AJPERES

International Finance Corporation (2013), Investment Climate in Belarus, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/1524c88043ec41a085d4bd869243d457/Business_Environment_in_Belarus_2013_Survey_Report_En.pdf?MOD=AJPERES

International Risk Governance Council (2008), An Introduction to the IRGC Risk Governance Framework, Geneva: International Risk Governance Council

International Risk Governance Council (2014), Annual Conference: Improving Risk Regulation (organised jointly with OECD and the Rethinking regulation program at Duke University), Presentations by Wiener, J., Balleisen, E., Weber, E., Bennear, L., Macrae, D. et al., available at: http://www.irgc.org/event/annual-conference-2014-summary/

International Working Group on Administrative Burdens (2004), The Standard Cost Model: A Framework for Defining and Quantifying Administrative Burdens for Businesses, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/64157/4374310/11-STANDARD-COST-MODEL-DK-SE-NO-BE-UK-NL-2004-EN-1.pdf/e703a6d8-42b8-48c8-bdd9-572ab4484dd3

Iyengar, R. (October 2007), ‘I’d rather be Hanged for a Sheep than a Lamb: The Unintended Consequences of “Three-Strikes” Laws’, Harvard University, available at: http://people.rwj.harvard.edu/~riyengar/three_strikes.pdf

Jacobs, S. (2006), Current Trends in Regulatory Impact Analysis: The Challenges of Mainstreaming RIA into Policy-making, Paris: Jacobs and Associates

Jaffe, A.B., Peterson, S.R., Portney, P.R. and Stavins, R.N. (1995), ‘Environmental Regulation and the Competitiveness of U.S. Manufacturing: What Does the Evidence Tell Us?’, Journal of Economic Literature, 33(1), pp. 132–163.

Jensen, N.M., Li, Q. and Rahman, A. (2007), Heard Melodies are Sweet, but those Unheard are Sweeter: Understanding Corruption Using Cross-National Firm-level Surveys, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 4413, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-4413

Jigsaw Research (2007), Food Safety Management Evaluation Research: Report Prepared for COI, Food Standards Agency, available at: https://www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/multimedia/pdfs/fsmevaluation.pdf

Johnstone, R. (2004), ‘Rethinking OHS Enforcement’, in Bluff, E., Gunningham, N. and Johnstone, R. (eds.), OHS Regulation for a Changing World of Work, Leichhardt, NSW: The Federation Press, pp. 146–178.

Johnstone, R. (2008), ‘Harmonising Occupational Health and Safety regulation in Australia: The First Review of the National OHS Review’, Journal of Applied Law and Policy, 1, pp. 35–58

Johnstone, R. and King, M. (2008), ‘A Responsive Sanction to Promote Systematic Compliance? Enforceable Undertakings in Occupational Health and Safety Regulation’, Australian Journal of Labour Law, 21(3), pp. 280–315

Jolls, C., Sunstein, C.R. and Thaler, R. (1998), ‘A Behavioral Approach to Law and Economics’, Faculty Scholarship Series, Paper 1765, available at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/1765

Josephson, P., Dronin, N., Mnatsakanian, R., Cherp, A., Efremenko, D. and Larin, V. (2013), An Environmental History of Russia, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Kagan, R.A. (1984), ‘On Regulatory Inspectorates and Police’, in Hawkins, K. and Thomas, J.M. (eds.), Enforcing Regulation, Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff, pp. 37–64

Kagan, R.A. (1989), ‘Editor’s Introduction: Understanding Regulatory Enforcement’, Law & Policy, 11, pp. 89–119, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9930.1989.tb00022.x

Kagan, R.A. (1994), ‘Regulatory Enforcement’, in Rosenbloom, D.H. and Schwartz, R.D. (eds.), Handbook of Regulation and Administrative Law, New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 383–422

Kagan, R.A., Gunningham, N. and Thornton, D. (2011), ‘Chapter 2: Fear, Duty, and Regulatory Compliance: Lessons from Three Research Projects’, in Parker, C. and Lehmann Nielsen, V. (eds.), Explaining Compliance: Business Responses to Regulation, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9780857938732

Kahneman, D. (2011), Thinking Fast and Slow, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Kahneman, D. and Tversky, A. (1979), ‘Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk’, Econometrica, 47(2), pp. 263–291, available at: http://doi.org/10.2307/1914185

Kahneman, D., Slovic, D. and Tversky, A. (1982), Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Kelman, S. (1981), Regulating America, Regulating Sweden: A Comparative Study of Occupational Safety and Health Policy, Cambridge: MIT Press

Khwaja, M.S., Awasthi, R. and Loeprick, J. (eds.) (2011), Risk-based Tax Audits: Approaches and Country Experiences, World Bank Group, available at: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/2314/627010PUB0Risk000public00BOX361489B.pdf?sequence=1

Kingdon, J.W. (1984), Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies, New York: Longman

Kirchler, E. (2007), The Economic Psychology of Tax Behaviour, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Kirchler, E. and Hoelzl, E. (2006), ‘Modelling Taxpayers’ Behaviour as a Function of Interaction between Tax Authorities and Taxpayers’, in Elffers, H., Verboon, P. and Huisman, W. (eds.), Managing and Maintaining Compliance, The Hague: Boom Legal Publishers, pp. 1–23

Kirchler, E., Hoelzl, E. and Wahl, I. (2008), ‘Enforced versus Voluntary Tax Compliance: The “Slippery Slope” Framework’, Journal of Economic Psychology, 29, pp. 210/225

Kjaernes, U., Harvey, M. and Warde, A. (2007), Trust in Food: A Comparative and Institutional Analysis, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Kleiner, M.M. (2006), Licensing Occupations. Ensuring Quality or Restricting Competition?, Kalamazoo: W. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Kleiner, M.M. and Krueger, A.B. (2010), ‘The Prevalence and Effects of Occupational Licensing’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 48(4), pp. 676–687, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8543.2010.00807.x

Kleiner, M.M. and Krueger, A.B. (2013), ‘Analyzing the Extent and Influence of Occupational Licensing on the Labor Market’, Journal of Labor Economics, 31(2), pp. S173–S202, available at: http://doi.org/10.1086/669060

Kleiner, M.M. and Kudrle, R.T. (2000), ‘Does Regulation Affect Economic Outcomes? The Case of Dentistry’, The Journal of Law & Economics, 43(2), pp. 547–582, available at: http://doi.org/10.1086/467465

Knack, S. and Kisunko, G (2011), Trends in Corruption and Regulatory Burden in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-8671-2

Koedijk, K. and Kremers, J. (1996), ‘Market Opening, Regulation and Growth in Europe’, Economic Policy, 11(23), October, pp. 443–467, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1344710

Koolmees, P.A. (2000), ‘Veterinary Inspections and Food Hygiene in the Twentieth Century’, in Phillips, J. and Smith, D.F. (eds.), Food, Science, Policy and Regulation in the Twentieth Century: International and Comparative Perspectives, London: Routledge, pp. 53–68

Kuran, T. and Sunstein, C. (1999), ‘Availability Cascades and Risk Regulation’, Stanford Law Review, 51(4), April, pp. 683–768, available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1229439

Lásztity, R., Petró-Turza, M. and Földesi, T. (2009), ‘History of Food Quality Standards’, Food Quality and Standards, 1, Paris: Eolss Publishers

Law Enforcement Expertise Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice (2004), The ‘Table of Eleven’, a Versatile Tool, The Hague: Ministry of Justice, available at: http://www.sam.gov.lv/images/modules/items/PDF/item_618_NL_The_table_of_Eleven.pdf

Lee, N. and Kirkpatrick, C. (2006), ‘Evidence-based Policy-making in Europe: An Evaluation of European Commission Integrated Impact Assessments’, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 24(1), March

Lenoble, M. (1908), ‘Les inspecteurs des manufactures en France sous l’ancien regime’, Bulletin de l’inspection du travail, et de l’hygiène industrielle 1908, Paris: Ministère du Travail et de la Prévoyance Sociale, pp. 117–128, available at: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Les_inspecteurs_des_manufactures_en_France_sous_l_ancien_regime.pdf

Leventhal, G.S. (1976), Fairness in Social Relationships, General Learning Press

Levitt, S.D. and Miles, T.J. (2006), ‘Economic Contributions to the Understanding of Crime’, Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 2, December 2006, pp. 147–164, doi: 10.1146/annurev.lawsocsci.2.081805.105856

Liepina, S., Coolidge, J. and Grava, L. (2008), Improving the Business Environment in Latvia: The Impact of FIAS Assistance, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2008/01/8900741/improving-business-environment-latvia-impact-fias-assistance

Lind, E.A. and Arndt, C. (2016), Perceived Fairness and Regulatory Policy: A Behavioral Science Perspective on Government–Citizen Interactions, available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272415285_Perceived_Fairness_and_Regulatory_Policy_A_behavioral_science_perspective_on_government_-_citizen_interactions

Lind, E.A., Kulik, C.T., Ambrose, M., and de Vera Park, M.V. (1993), ‘Individual and Corporate Dispute Resolution: Using Procedural Fairness as a Decision Heuristic’, Administrative Science Quarterly, 38(2), pp. 224–251

Lind, E., Greenberg, J., Scott, K., and Welchans, T. (2000), ‘The Winding Road from Employee to Complainant: Situational and Psychological Determinants of Wrongful-Termination Claims’, Administrative Science Quarterly, 45(3), pp. 557–590, doi:10.2307/2667109

Lipsey, M.W. and Cullen, F.T. (2007), ‘The Effectiveness of Correctional Rehabilitation: A Review of Systematic Reviews’, Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 3

Lipsky, M. (1980), Street-level Bureaucracy, New York: Russel Sage Foundation

Lloyd-Bostock, S. and Hutter, B.M. (2008), ‘Reforming Regulation of the Medical Profession: The Risks of Risk-based Approaches’, Health, Risk and Society, 10(1), pp. 69–83

Loayza, N., Oviedo, A.M. and Servén, L. (2005), The Impact of Regulation on Growth and Informality – Cross-Country Evidence, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3623, available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=755087, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.755087

Local Better Regulation Office (2009), Mapping the Local Authority Regulatory Landscape, UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/local-regulation-map-of-the-landscape

Local Better Regulation Office (2010), From the Business End of the Telescope: Perspectives on Local Regulation and Enforcement, UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/262053/10-1396-business-end-of-the-telescope.pdf

Löfstedt, R.E. (2004), ‘The Swing of the Regulatory Pendulum in Europe From Precautionary Principle to (Regulatory) Impact Analysis’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 28(3), May, pp. 237–260

Löfstedt, R.E. (2011), Reclaiming Health and Safety for All: An Independent Review of Health and Safety Legislation, presented to the UK Parliament in 2011

Looman, J. and Abracem, J. (2013), ‘The Risk Need Responsivity Model of Offender Rehabilitation: Is There Really a Need For a Paradigm Shift?’, International Journal of Behavioural Consultation and Therapy, 8(3–4), pp. 30–36, available at: http://www.baojournal.com/IJBCT/IJBCT-8_3-4/A07.pdf

Lucassen, J., De Moor, T. and van Zanden, J.L. (2008), ‘The Return of the Guilds’, International Review of Social History Supplements, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Luckin, W. (1977), ‘The Final Catastrophe – Cholera in London, 1866’, Medical History, 21(1), pp. 32–42, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025727300037157

Lundkvist, P. (2010), Here Is Your Money: Using the Standard Cost Model to Measure Regulatory Compliance Costs in Developing Countries, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2010/01/13294116/your-money-using-standard-cost-model-measure-regulatory-compliance-costs-developing-countries

Lunn, P. (2014), Regulatory Policy and Behavioural Economics, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, preliminary version available at: http://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/publicdisplaydocumentpdf/?cote=GOV/RPC(2013)15&docLanguage=En

Lyttkens, C.H. (2010), ‘Institutions, taxation, and Market Relationships in Ancient Athens’, Journal of Institutional Economics, 6(4), pp. 505–527

Mackenbach, J.P., Kunst, A.E. and Cavelaars, A.E.J.M. (1997), ‘Socioeconomic Inequalities in Morbidity and Mortality in Western Europe’, The Lancet, 349, pp. 1655–1659

Macrae, D. (2014), ‘Managing a Political Crisis after a Disaster: How Concern Assessment Can Address the Political Aspects Involved in Framing a Solution’, Journal of Risk Research, 19(8), pp. 1036–1042, doi: 10.1080/13669877.2014.910693

Macrory, R. (2006), Regulatory Justice: Making Sanctions Effective, Better Regulation Executive, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills of the United Kingdom, London, available at: www.bis.gov.uk/files/file44593.pdf

Maguire, L.A. and Lind, E.A. (2003), ‘Public Participation in Environmental Decisions: Stakeholders, Authorities and Procedural Justice’, International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 3(2), pp. 133–148

Makkai, T. and Braithwaite, J. (1993), ‘The Limits of the Economic Analysis of Regulation’, Law and Policy, 15, pp. 271–291

Makkai, T. and Braithwaite, J. (1996), ‘Procedural Justice and Regulatory Compliance’, Law and Human Behavior, 20(1), pp. 83–98

Malcolm, J.G. (2014a), ‘Criminal Law and the Administrative State: The Problem with Criminal Regulations’, The Heritage Foundation Legal Memorandum, 130, available at: http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2014/pdf/LM130.pdf

Malcolm, J.G. (2014b), ‘President Obama’s Executive Action on Immigration Sets a Dangerous Precedent’, The Heritage Foundation Issue Brief, 4313, available at: http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2014/pdf/IB4313.pdf

Manion, S. (2012), ‘A Science-based Endeavor: Interpreting Contamination Prevention in the Food Safety Modernization Act’, Penn State Law Review, 117, pp. 537–562, available at: http://www.pennstatelawreview.org/117/2/117-2-Comment_Manion.pdf

Martin Saint-Léon, É. (1922), Histoire des corporations de métiers depuis leurs origines jusqu’à leur suppression en 1791; suivie d’une Étude sur l’évolution de l’idée corporative au XIXe siècle et sur les syndicats professionnels, 3rd edition, Paris: Éditions F. Alcan, available at: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k4057358

Matthee, M. (2009), ‘The Codex Alimentarius Commission and Its Food Safety Measures in the Light of Their New Status’, in Everson, M. and Vos, E. (eds.), Uncertain Risks Regulated, Oxford: Routledge

May, P. and Winter, S. (1999), ‘Regulatory Enforcement and Compliance: Examining Danish Agro-Environmental Policy’, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 18(4), pp. 625–651

McBarnet, D. and Whelan, C. (1991), ‘The Elusive Spirit of the Law: Formalism and the Struggle for Legal Control’, The Modern Law Review, 54(6), pp. 848–873, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2230.1991.tb01854.x

Mercier, R. (1960), La réhabilitation de la nature humaine (1700–1750), Villemomble: Éditions La Balance

Mertens, F. (2011), Inspecteeren: Toezicht Door Inspecties, The Hague: Sdu Uitgevers

Miles, T.J. (2005), ‘Empirical Economics and the Study of Punishment and Crime’, University of Chicago Legal Forum, 237

Minard, P. (1997), ‘L’inspection des manufactures en France de Colbert à la Révolution’, in Annales Historiques de la Révolution française, 309, pp. 483–491

Ministère du Travail, de l’Emploi, de la Formation professionnelle et du Dialogue social (2012), L’inspection du travail en France en 2011, available at: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Rapport_IT_2011_sans_table.pdf

Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid (2012), Vormgeving Inspectie SZW, Formele documenten, The Hague

Mintrom, M. and Norman, P. (2009), ‘Policy Entrepreneurship and Policy Change’, The Policy Studies Journal, 37(4)

Moreno Garcia, J.C. (ed.) (2013), Ancient Egyptian Administration, Leiden, Boston: Brill

Morgan, B. and Yeung, K. (2007), An Introduction to Law and Regulation – Text and Materials, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Muchembled, R. (1988), L’invention de l’homme moderne: culture et sensibilités en France du XVe au XVIIIe siècles, 2nd edition 1994, Paris: Hachette

National Occupation Health and Safety Commission (2004), Fatal Occupational Injuries – How Does Australia Compare Internationally?, Canberra: Australian Government, available at: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/451/Fatal_Occupational_Injuries_International_Comparison.pdf

Neal, A. (ed.) (2004), The Changing Face of European Labour Law and Social Policy, The Hague: Kluwer Law International

Neal, A. and Wright, F. (1992), European Communities’ Health and Safety Legislation, Chapman and Hall, London

North, C.E. (1921), ‘Milk and its Relation to Public Health’, in Ravenel, M.P. (ed.), A Half Century of Public Health, New York: American Public Health Association

Ogus, A. (1994), Regulation: Legal Form and Economic Theory, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Ogus, A. (2004a), ‘Corruption and Regulatory Structures’, Law & Policy, 26(3–4), pp. 329–346, abstract available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=591563

Ogus, A. (2004b), ‘Enforcing Regulation: Do We Need the Criminal Law?’, in Sjogren, H. and Skogh, G. (eds.), New Perspectives on Economic Crime, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 42–56

Ogus, A. (2006), Costs and Cautionary Tales: Economic Insights for the Law, Oxford: Hart Publishing

Ogus, A. (2010), ‘Regulation and its Relationship with the Criminal Justice Process’, in Quirk, H., Seddon, T. and Smith, G. (eds.), Regulation and Criminal Justice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 27–41

Ogus, A., Faure, O.G. and Philipsen, N.J. (2006), Best Practices for Consumer Policy: Report on the Effectiveness of Enforcement Regimes, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, available at: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/56/7/37863861.doc

Ogus, A. and Zhang, Q. (2005), ‘Licensing Regimes East and West, International Review of Law and Economics, 25(1), pp. 124–142, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.irle.2004.06.003

Open Science Collaboration (2015), ‘Estimating the Reproducibility of Psychological Science’, Science, 349(6251), available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aac4716

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1995), Recommendation of the Council on Improving the Quality of Government Regulation, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1997), Regulatory Impact Analysis: Best Practices in OECD Countries, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2002), OECD Guidance Document on Risk Communication for Chemical Risk Management, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004), Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) Inventory, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2005a), OECD Guiding Principles for Regulatory Quality and Performance, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2005b), OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook 2005, Paris, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264009257-en

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2008a), Building an Institutional Framework for Regulatory Impact Analysis, Paris, available at: http://www.oecd.org/regreform/regulatory-policy/40984990.pdf

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2008b), Introductory Handbook for Undertaking Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA), October 2008, 1.0 Version, Paris, available at: http://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/44789472.pdf

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2009), Better Regulation in the Netherlands, Paris, available at: http://www.oecd.org/netherlands/43307757.pdf

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2010), Risk and Regulatory Policy – Improving the Governance of Risk, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2012), Recommendation of the Council on Regulatory Quality and Performance, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2014a), Regulatory Enforcement and Inspections – Best Practice Principles for Regulatory Policy, Paris, available at: http://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/enforcement-inspections.htm

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2014b), Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2014, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/entrepreneur_aag-2014-en

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2014c), Best Practice Principles for the Governance of Regulators, Paris

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2015a), Economic Policy Reforms 2015: Going for Growth, Paris, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/growth-2015-en

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2015b), Regulatory Policy in Lithuania. Focusing on the Delivery Side, Paris, available at: http://www.oecd.org/countries/lithuania/regulatory-policy-in-lithuania-9789264239340-en.htm

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and APEC (2005), APEC-OECD Integrated Checklist on Regulatory Reform, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and APEC, Paris and Singapore, available at: www.oecd.org/regreform/34989455.pdf

Osofsky, H.M. (2011), ‘Multidimensional Governance and the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill’, Florida Law Review, 63(5), Art. 2, pp. 1077–1137, available at: http://scholarship.law.ufl.edu/flr/vol63/iss5/2

Ottow, A.T. (2011), ‘Developing a Common Framework for Good Performances by Agencies’, in Lugard, P. (ed.), The International Competition Network at Ten. Origins, Accomplishments and Aspirations, Cambridge-Antwerp-Portland: Intersentia, pp. 251–265

Ottow, A.T. (2013), ‘The Different Levels of Protection of National Supervisors’ Independence in the European Landscape’, in Comtois, S. and de Graaf, K. (eds.), On Judicial and Quasi-judicial Independence, The Hague: Eleven International Publishing, pp. 139–166

Ottow, A.T. and Lavrijssen, S.A.C.M. (2011), ‘The Legality of Independent Regulatory Authorities’, in Besselink, L., Pennings, F. and Prechal, S. (eds.), The Eclipse of the Legality Principle in the European Union, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, pp. 73–96

Ottow, A.T. and Lavrijssen, S.A.C.M. (2012), ‘Independent Supervisory Authorities: A Fragile Concept’, Legal Issues of European Integration, 39(4), pp. 419–446

Parker, C. and Lehmann Nielsen, V. (2011), Explaining Compliance: Business Responses to Regulation, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9780857938732

Pascucci, P. (2013), ‘La salvaguardia dell’occupazione nel decreto “salva Ilva”. Diritto alla salute vs diritto al lavoro?’, I Working Papers di Olympus, 27, available at: http://ojs.uniurb.it/index.php/WP-olympus/article/view/268

Pashler, H. and Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2012), ‘Editors’ Introduction to the Special Section on Replicability in Psychological Science: A Crisis of Confidence?’, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(6), pp. 528–530, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691612465253

Pasotti, E. (2010), ‘Sorting through the Trash: The Waste Management Crisis in Southern Italy’, South European Society and Politics, 15(2), pp. 289–307, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13608740903497733

Pearce, F. and Tombs, S. (2009), ‘Ideology, Hegemony and Empiricism’, in Whyte, D. (ed.), Crimes of the Powerful: a Reader. Readings in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Maidenhead: Open University Press, pp. 157–159

Pion, J.F.J. (1902), La ferme générale. Des droits et domaines du roi depuis sa création jusqu’à la fin de l’ancien régime, Paris: V. Giard & E. Brière

Polaschek, D.L. (2012), ‘An Appraisal of the Risk–Need–Responsivity (RNR) Model of Offender Rehabilitation and Its Application in Correctional Treatment’, Legal and Criminological Psychology, 17, pp. 1–17

Porter, M. and van der Linde, C. (1995), ‘Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship’, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(4), Autumn, pp. 97–118, available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2138392?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Posner, R. A. (1974), ‘Theories of Economic Regulation’, The Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 5(2), Autumn, pp. 335–358

Posner, R.A. (1998), ‘Rational Choice, Behavioural Economics, and the Law’, Stanford Law Review, 50, pp. 1551–1575

Pressman, J.L. and Wildavsky, A. (1973), Implementation. How Great Expectations in Washington Are Dashed in Oakland, Berkeley: University of California Press

Prevost, D. (2009), Balancing Trade and Health in the SPS Agreement: The Development Dimension, Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, available at: http://digitalarchive.maastrichtuniversity.nl/fedora/get/guid:e5d87bcc-a9e7-4fb9-af1c-b197ff93973c/ASSET1

Productivity Commission (2012), Regulatory Impact Analysis: Benchmarking, Commonwealth of Australia, available at: http://www.pc.gov.au/projects/study/ria-benchmarking/report

Puffert, D. (2008) ‘Path Dependence’, in Whaples, R. (ed.), EH.Net Encyclopedia, February 10, available at: http://eh.net/encyclopedia/path-dependence/

Purnhagen, K. (2014), ‘The Virtue of Cassis De Dijon 25 Years Later – It Is Not Dead, It Just Smells Funny’, in Purnhagen, K. and Rott, P. (eds.), Varieties of European Economic Law and Regulation, Dordrecht: Springer, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2383202

Putnina, S. (2005), Review of International Practice in Inspections Reform, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: https://www.wbginvestmentclimate.org/uploads/2005%20Review%20of%20international%20experience%20in%20inspections%20reform_SL.pdf

Radaelli, C. (2009), ‘Desperately Seeking Regulatory Impact Assessments. Diary of a Reflective Researcher’, in Evaluation, 15(1), pp. 31–48, doi: 10.1177/1356389008097870

Radaelli, C. and Dunlop, C. (eds.) (2016), Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing

Radaelli, C. and Meuwese, A. (2008), ‘The Political Economy of Impact Assessment’, in Better Regulation in the European Union, available at: https://centres.exeter.ac.uk/ceg/research/riacp/documents/The%20Political%20Economy%20of%20Impact%20Assessment.pdf

Rasmusen, E.B. and Posner, R.A. (2000), ‘Creating and Enforcing Norms, with Special Reference to Sanctions’, John M. Olin Program in Law and Economics Working Paper No. 96

Rawls, J. (1971), A Theory of Justice, Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Renn, O. (2005), International Risk Governance Council: White Paper on Risk Governance – Towards an Integrative Approach, Geneva: International Risk Governance Council

Renn, O. (2008), ‘Concepts of Risk: An Interdisciplinary Review – Part 2: Integrative Approaches’, Gaia-Ecological Perspective for Science and Society, 17(2)

Renn, O. and Walker, K.D. (eds.) (2008), Global Risk Governance. Concept and Practice Using the IRGC Framework, Dordrecht: Springer

Risk and Regulation Advisory Council (2009a), Tackling Public Risk. A Practical Guide for Policy Makers, UK DBERR

Risk and Regulation Advisory Council (2009b), The Risk Landscape. Interactions that Shape Responses to Public Risk, UK DBERR

Ristic, G. (2009), Study of Food Safety Inspections, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2009/01/13319050/study-food-safety-inspections

Robben, P. (2010), Toezicht in een glazen huis, Erasmus Universiteit, Instituut Beleid & Management Gezondheidszorg, Rotterdam, available at: www.bmg.eur.nl/fileadmin/ASSETS/bmg/Onderzoek/Oraties/Robben/iBMG_Oratie_Paul_Robben.pdf

Roberts, N. and King, P.J. (1991), ‘Policy Entrepreneurs: Their Activity Structure and Function in the Policy Process’, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 1(2), pp. 147–175

Rodrik, D. (2003), In Search of Prosperity: Analytic Narratives on Economic Growth, Princeton: Princeton University Press

Rothstein, H., Borraz, O. and Huber, M. (2013), ‘Risk and the Limits of Governance: Exploring Varied Patterns of Risk-based Governance across Europe’, Regulation & Governance, 7(2), pp. 215–235, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5991.2012.01153.x

Rothstein, H., Irving, P., Walden, T. and Yearsley, R. (2006), ‘The Risks of Risk-based Regulation: Insights from the Environmental Policy Domain’, Environment International, 32(8), pp. 1056–1065, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2006.06.008

Rousseau, S. (2007), ‘Timing of Environmental Inspections: Survival of the Compliant’, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 32(1), pp. 17–36

Rousseau, S. (2009), ‘Empirical Analysis of Sanctions for Environmental Violations’, International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics, 3(3), pp. 161–194

Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (2002), Managing Occupational Road Risk (MORR): The Story So Far … , available at: http://www.rospa.com/rospaweb/docs/advice-services/occupational-safety/morr-story-so-far.pdf

Rubinstein, A. (2007), ‘Afterword’, in von Neumann, J. and Morgenstern, O. (eds.), Theory of Games and Economic Behavior 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition, Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press

Runolfsson, B. (1997), ‘Fencing the Oceans: A Rights-Based Approach to Privatizing Fisheries’, Regulation, 20, pp. 57–62

Safe Work Australia (2013), Work-related Traumatic Injury Fatalities Australia 2013, available at: https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/collection/work-related-traumatic-injury-fatalities

Sarrut, L. (1894), ‘Législation ouvrière de la troisième République’, opening speech to Court of Cassation hearing, Cour de cassation: Audience de rentrée du 16 octobre 1894, Discours prononcé par M. Sarrut, Avocat Général, Paris: Imprimerie et Librairie Générale de Jurisprudence Marcial et Billard, available at: https://archive.org/details/audiencederentr00cassgoog

Sauter, W. (2013), Proportionality in EU Law: A Balancing Act?, TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2013-003

Scalia, A. (1989), ‘The Rule of Law as a Law of Rules’, The University of Chicago Law Review, 56(4), pp. 1175–1188, available at: http://doi.org/10.2307/1599672

Scheuer, S. (ed.) (2006), EU Environmental Policy Handbook. A Critical Analysis of EU Environmental Legislation, European Environmental Bureau

Schindler, M., Berger, H., Bakker, B.B. and Spilimbergo, A. (2014), IMF Jobs and Growth: Supporting the European Recovery, available at: https://www.imf.org/external/np/seminars/eng/2014/eurbook/

Schneier, B. (2003), Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly about Security in an Uncertain World, New York: Copernicus Books

Scholten, M. and Ottow, A. (2014), ‘Institutional Design of Enforcement in the EU: The Case of Financial Markets’, Utrecht Law Review, 10(5), pp. 80–91

Scholz, J.T. (1984), ‘Voluntary Compliance and Regulatory Enforcement’, Law & Policy, October

Scholz, J.T. (1994), ‘Managing Regulatory Enforcement in the United States’, in Rosenbloom, D.H. and Schwartz, R.D. (eds.), Handbook of Regulation and Administrative Law, New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 423–466

Scholz, J.T. and Casey, J. (1992), ‘Behavioral Decision Theory and Tax Compliance: Beyond Deterrence’, Law and Society Review, 25, pp. 821–843

Scholz, J.T. and Gray, W. (1990), ‘OSHA Enforcement and Workplace Injuries: A Behavioral Approach to Risk Assessment’, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 3, pp. 283–305

Scholz, J.T. and Gray, W. (1993), ‘Does Regulatory Enforcement Work? A Panel Analysis of OSHA Enforcement’, Law and Society Review, 27, pp. 177–213

Schulz, D.(1999), ‘No Joy in Mudville Tonight: The Impact of “Three Strike” Laws on State and Federal Corrections Policy, Resources, and Crime Control’, Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, 9, pp. 557–583, available at: http://www.lawschool.cornell.edu/research/JLPP/upload/Schultz-557.pdf

SCM Network (n.d.), International Standard Cost Model Manual: Measuring and Reducing Administrative Burdens for Businesses, available at: http://www.oecd.org/gov/regulatory-policy/34227698.pdf

Scraggs, E., Celia, C., Fazekas, M. and van Stolk, C. (2011), Evaluating the Primary Authority Scheme, Local Better Regulation Office, U.K. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, available at: https://primaryauthorityregister.info/par/images/documents/evaluating-pa.pdf

Shapiro, M. (1994), ‘Discretion’, in Rosenbloom, D.H. and Schwartz, R.D. (eds.), Handbook of Regulation and Administrative Law, New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 501–518

Shears, P. (2008), ‘Food Fraud – A Current Issue but an Old Problem’, Plymouth Law Review, 1, pp. 118–139, available at: http://www.plymouthlawreview.org/vol1/Shears_proofedv.pdf, http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00070701011018879

Simpson, S.S. (2002), Corporate Crime, Law, and Social Control, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511606281

Simpson, S.S., Gibbs, C., Rorie, M., Slocum, L.A., Cohen, M.A. and Vandenbergh, M. (2013), ‘An Empirical Assessment of Corporate Environmental Crime-Control Strategies’, Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 103(1), pp. 231–278, available at: http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/jclc/vol103/iss1/5

Simpson, S.S. and Rorie, M. (2011), ‘Chapter 3: Motivating Compliance: Economic and Material Motives for Compliance’, in Parker, C. and Lehmann Nielsen, V. (eds.), Explaining Compliance: Business Responses to Regulation, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9780857938732

Sinclair, D. (1998), Environmental Protection: Towards a Broader Range of Policy Instruments, Australian National University (Australian Centre for Environmental Law)

Skocpol, T. (1979), States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Skogan, W.G. (1975), ‘Measurement Problems in Official and Survey Crime Rates’, Journal of Criminal Justice, 3(1), pp. 17–31, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0047-2352(75)90096-3

Slovic, P. (1987), ‘Perception of Risk’, Science, 236, April 17, pp. 280–285, available at: http://heatherlench.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/slovic.pdf

Slovic, P. (2000), The Perception of Risk, London: Earthscan

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. and Lichtenstein, S. (1981), ‘Facts and Fears: Societal Perception of Risk’, Advances in Consumer Research 8, pp. 497–502, available at: http://www.acrwebsite.org/search/view-conference-proceedings.aspx?Id=5844

Slovic, P. and Weber, E.U. (2002), Perception of Risk Posed by Extreme Events, Paper prepared for discussion at the conference ‘Risk Management strategies in an uncertain world’, Palisades, NY, available at: https://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/chrr/documents/meetings/roundtable/white_papers/slovic_wp.pdf

Smith, A. (2006), Crime Statistics: An Independent Review, carried out for the Secretary of State for the Home Office, London: UK Home Office, available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110218135832/http://rds.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs06/crime-statistics-independent-review-06.pdf

Smith, R. (1972), ‘Intertemporal Changes in Work Injury Rates’, Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Meeting, Industrial Relations Research Association Series, pp. 167–174, available at: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED078150.pdf#page=169

Solum, L.B. (2002), A Law of Rules: A Critique and Reconstruction of Justice Scalia’s View of the Rule of Law, Research Paper No. 2002-5, Los Angeles: Loyola Law School, Public Law and Legal Theory, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=303575

Sparrow, M.K. (2000), The Regulatory Craft: Controlling Risks, Solving Problems & Managing Compliance, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press

Sparrow, M.K. (2008), The Character of Harms: Operational Challenges in Control, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

SQW Limited (2006), ‘Exploring the Relationship between Environmental Regulation and Competitiveness – Literature Review’, Final Report to the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, London: SQW Limited, available at: http://www.sqw.co.uk/files/9513/8712/1415/148.pdf

Srinivasan, T.N. (1973) ‘Tax Evasion: A Model’, Journal of Public Economics, 2(4), p. 339

Stein, M.A (2003), ‘Priestley v. Fowler (1837) and the Emerging Tort of Negligence’, Boston College Law Review, 44(3), pp. 689–731

Steinmo, S. (2008), ‘Chapter 7: Historical Institutionalism’, in Della Porta, D. and Keating, M. (eds.), Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences: A Pluralist Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 118–138

Stender, J.H. (1974), ‘Enforcing the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: The Federal Government as a Catalyst’, Law and Contemporary Problems, 38(4), pp. 641–650, available at: http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol38/iss4/4

Stern, J. and Wiener, J.B. (2006), ‘Precaution Against Terrorism’, Journal of Risk Research, 9(4), pp. 393–447

Stigler, G. (1971), ‘The Theory of Economic Regulation’, Bell Journal of Economics, 2(1), pp. 3–21, available at: http://www.rasmusen.org/zg604/readings/Stigler.1971.pdf

Stone Sweet, A. and Mathews, J. (2009), ‘Proportionality Balancing and Global Constitutionalism’, in Giorgio Bongiovanni (ed.), Reasonableness and Law, Doredrecht: Springer, pp. 173–214

Strauss, D.A. (2008), ‘On the Origin of Rules (with Apologies to Darwin): A Comment On Antonin Scalia’s The Rule of Law As a Law of Rules’, University of Chicago Law Review, 75, pp. 997–1013, available at: http://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/journal_articles/2003/

Stroebe, W. and Strack, F. (2014), ‘The Alleged Crisis and the Illusion of Exact Replication’, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(1), pp. 59–71, available at: http://www3.nd.edu/~ghaeffel/AllegedCrisis.pdf, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691613514450

Suchman, M.C. and Edelman, L.B. (1996), ‘Legal Rational Myths: New Institutionalism and the Law and Society Tradition’, Law & Social Inquiry, 23, pp. 903–966

Swanson, K.W. (2011), ‘Food and Drug Law as Intellectual Property Law: Historical Reflections’, Wisconsin Law Review, 2, pp. 331–398, available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1822223

Tamanaha, B.Z. (2006), Law as a Means to an End: Threat to the Rule of Law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Taylor, M.R. (2011), ‘Will the Food Safety Modernization Act Help Prevent Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness?’, New England Journal of Medicine, 365(9), e18, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1109388

Terzi, A. (2015), The ‘Pub Economics’ of Structural Reforms – Can Reforms Only be Expected to Pay Off in the Long Run?, Bruegel, available at: http://bruegel.org/2015/03/the-pub-economics-of-structural-reforms/ [Accessed 17 March 2016]

Thaler, R.H. and Sunstein, C.R. (2008), Nudge. Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, New Haven & London: Yale University Press

Thelen, K. (1999), ‘Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Politics’, Annual Review of Political Science, 2(1), pp. 369–404, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.polisci.2.1.369

Theves, G. (2000), ‘L’inspection des viandes à la fin du XIXe siècle, reflet du progrès des sciences appliquées’, Scientiarum Historia, 26(1), pp. 45–54, available at: https://scientiarumhistoria.library.uu.nl/index.php/scientiarumhistoria/article/viewFile/URN%3ANBN%3ANL%3AUI%3A10-1-115448/9418

Theves, G. (2002), ‘L’inspection des viandes au cours de la 2e moitié du XlXe siècle, reflet du progrès des sciences appliquées’, Bulletin de la Societe des Sciences Medicales du Grand-Duche de Luxembourg, 1, pp. 35–59, available at: http://ssm.lu/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/2002.1.pdf

Thibaut, J.W. and Walker, L. (1976), Procedural Justice: A Psychological Analysis, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons

Tifine, P. (2010), Droit administratif français, Editions Juridiques Franco-Allemandes

Tifine, P. (2014), ‘Droit administratif français – Deuxième Partie – Chapitre 1 – Section I, Chapitre 1: Sources de la légalité administrative – Section I: La Constitution’, Revue générale du droit on line, 4336, available at: www.revuegeneraledudroit.eu/?p=4336

Tilindyte, L. (2012), Enforcing Health and Safety Regulation. A Comparative Economic Approach, Maastricht: Intersentia

Tombs, S. and Whyte, D. (2008), ‘A crisis of enforcement: The decriminalisation of death and injury at work’, Briefing 6, London: Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, available at: http://www.crimeandjustice.org.uk/sites/crimeandjustice.org.uk/files/crisisenforcementweb.pdf

Tombs, S. and Whyte, D. (2010), Regulatory Surrender: Death, Injury and the Non-Enforcement of Law, London: Institute of Employment Rights

Tombs, S. and Whyte, D. (2013), ‘Transcending the Deregulation Debate? Regulation, Risk, and the Enforcement of Health and Safety Law in the UK’, Regulation & Governance, 7(1), pp. 61–79, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5991.2012.01164.x

Torgler, B. (2005), ‘Tax Morale in Latin America’, Public Choice, 122(1), pp. 133–157

Treves, G.E. (1947), ‘Administrative Discretion and Judicial Control’, The Modern Law Review, 10(3), pp. 276–291, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2230.1947.tb00052.x

Tversky, A. and Kahneman, D. (1974), ‘Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases’, Science, New Series, 185(4157), 27 September, pp. 1124–1131, available at: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0036-8075%2819740927%293%3A185%3A4157%3C1124%3AJUUHAB%3E2.0.CO%3B2-M

Tyl, Y. (1971), in Villermé, L.-R. 1840 (Introduction, pp. 9–20)

Tyler, T.R. (1988), ‘What Is Procedural Justice? Criteria Used by Citizens to Assess the Fairness of Legal Procedures’, Law and Society Review, 22, pp. 103–135

Tyler, T.R. (1990), Why People Obey the Law, New Haven: Yale University Press

Tyler, T.R. (2003), ‘Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and the Effective Rule of Law’, Crime and Justice, 30, pp. 283–357

Tyler, T.R. (2011), ‘Chapter 4: The Psychology of Self-Regulation: Normative Motivations for Compliance’, in Parker, C. and Lehmann Nielsen, V. (eds.), Explaining Compliance: Business Responses to Regulation, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9780857938732

Tyler, T.R. and Lind, E.A. (1992), ‘A Relational Model of Authority in Groups’, in Zanna, M. (ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25, New York: Academic

University of the West of England (Bristol) (2014), Future Brief: Public Risk Perception and Environmental Policy, Brussels, European Commission, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf/public_risk_perception_environmental_policy_FB8_en.pdf

US General Accounting Office (2001), ‘Weaknesses in Meat and Poultry Inspection Pilot Should Be Addressed Before Implementation’, Report to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, U.S. Senate, Washington, DC: G.A.O., available at: http://www.gao.gov/assets/240/233016.pdf

van Boom, W. and Loos, M. (2007), ‘Effective Enforcement of Consumer Law in Europe. Private, Public, and Collective Mechanisms’, in van Boom, W. and Loos, M. (eds.), Collective Enforcement of Consumer Law in Europe. Securing Compliance in Europe through Private Group Action and Public Authority Intervention, Groningen: Europa Law Publishing, pp. 231–254

van den Bos, K., van der Velden, L. and Lind, E.A. (2014), ‘On the Role of Perceived Procedural Justice in Citizens’ Reactions to Government Decisions and the Handling of Conflicts’, Utrecht Law Review, 10(4), available at: http://www.utrechtlawreview.org/index.php/ulr/article/view/287

van der Burg, W. (2001), ‘The Expressive and Communicative Functions of Law, Especially with Regard to Moral Issues’, Journal of Law and Philosophy, 20(1), pp. 31–59

van der Heijden, J. (2010a), ‘On Peanuts and Monkeys: Privatization of Australian Building Control’, Urban Policy and Research, 28(2), pp. 195–210

van der Heijden, J. (2010b), ‘One Task, a Few Approaches, Many Impacts: Private Sector Involvement in Canadian Building Code Enforcement’, Canadian Public Administration, 53(3), pp. 351–374

van der Heijden, J. (2010c), ‘Privatisation of Building Code Enforcement: A Comparative Study of Regimes in Australia and Canada’, International Journal of Law in the Built Environment, 2(1), pp. 60–75

van der Heijden, J. (2010d), ‘Smart Privatization: Lessons from Private-Sector Involvement in Australian and Canadian Building Regulatory Enforcement Regimes’, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 1(5), pp. 509–525

van der Heijden, J. and de Jong, J. (2009), ‘Towards a Better Understanding of Building Regulation’, Environment and Planning B, 36(6), pp. 1038–1052

van der Heijden, J., Visscher, H. and Meijer, F. (2007), ‘Problems in Enforcing Dutch Building Regulations’, Structural Survey, 24(3/4), pp. 319–329

van der Meulen, B.M. (2013), ‘The Structure of European Food Law’, Laws, 2(2), pp. 69–98, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/laws2020069

van Eeten, M., Noordegraaf-Eelens, L., Ferket, J. and Februari, M. (2012), ‘Waarom burgers risico’s accepteren en waarom politici dat niet zien’, in Nieuwe perspectieven bij het omgaan met risico’s en verantwoordelijkheden [New Perspectives on Dealing with Risks and Responsibilities], The Hague: Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, pp. 65–132, available at: https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2012/12/06/nieuwe-perspectieven-bij-het-omgaan-met-risico-s-en-verantwoordelijkheden

van Tol, J. (2012), ‘The Dutch Risk and Responsibility Programme’, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3, Lexxion, Berlin, pp. 353–360

van Tol, J. (2014), ‘Dutch Risk and Responsibility Programme. Some Research into Citizens’ Views on a Proportionate Handling of Risks and Incidents’, Journal of Risk Research, 19(8), pp. 1014–1021, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2014.910691

van Tol, J., Helsloot, I. and Mertens, F.J.H. (ed.) (2011), Veiligheid boven alles? Essays over oorzaken en gevolgen van de risico-regelreflex, The Hague: Boom Lemma

Vapnek, J. and Spreij, M. (2005), Perspectives and Guidelines on Food Legislation, with a New Model Food Law, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-a0274e.pdf

Veljanovski, C. (2010), ‘Economic Approaches to Regulation’, in Baldwin, R., Cave, M. and Lodge, M. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Regulation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199560219.001.0001

Villermé, L.-R. (1840), Tableau de l’état physique et moral des ouvriers employés dans les manufactures de coton, de laine et de soie, selected and commented texts by Tyl, Y. (1971), Paris: Union générale d’Éditions, available at: http://classiques.uqac.ca/classiques/villerme_louis_rene/tableau_etat_physique_moral/tableau_etat_physique.html

Viscusi, W.K. (1992), Fatal Tradeoffs: Public and Private Responsibilities for Risk, New York: Oxford University Press

Viscusi, W.K. (2006), Regulation of Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks, Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, available at: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11934.pdf

Vitiello, M. (1997), ‘Three Strikes: Can We Return to Rationality?’, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 87(2), Winter, pp. 395–481

Vitiello, M. (2002), ‘Three Strikes Laws: A Real or Imagined Deterrent to Crime?’, Human Rights Magazine, 29(2), Spring

Voermans, W.J.M. (2007), ‘De aspirinewerking van sancties’, in L. Loeber (ed.), Bruikbare wetgeving, preadviezen van Ph. Eijlander en P. Popelier aan de Vereniging voor wetgeving en wetgevingsbeleid, Nijmegen: Wolff Legal Publishers, pp. 57–64, available at: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/12560

Voermans, W.J.M. (2008), ‘The Sisyphus Paradox of Cutting Red Tape and Managing Public Risk’, Utrecht Law Review, 4(3), pp. 128–144, available at: https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/13339

Voermans, W.J.M. (2014), ‘Motive-Based Enforcement’, in Mader, L. and Kabyshev, S. (eds.), Regulatory Reforms; Implementation and Compliance, Proceedings of the Tenth Congress of the International Association of Legislation (IAL) in Veliky Novgorod, June 28th–29th 2012, Baden-Baden: Nomos, p. 41–61

Voermans, W.J.M. (2015), ‘Implementation: the Achilles Heel of European Integration’, The Theory and Practice of Legislation, 2(3), pp. 343–359

Voermans, W.J.M. (2017), ‘Legislation and Regulation’, in Karpen, U. and Xanthaki, H. (eds.), Handbook of Legislation, Oxford: Hart Publishing

Vogel, D. (1986), National Styles of Regulation: Environmental Policy in Great Britain and the United States, Ithaca: Cornell University Press

Vogel, D. (1988), ‘The “New” Social Regulation in Historical and Social Perspective’, in Friedman, L.M. and Scheiber, H.N. (eds.), American Law and Constitutional Order – Historical Perspectives, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Harvard University Press

von Neumann, J. and Morgenstern, O. (1944), Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition 2007, Princeton: Princeton University Press

Wadhia, S.S. (2015), ‘The History of Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Law’, American University Law Review, 64, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2605164

Wagstaff, D.J. (1986), ‘Public Health and Food Safety: A Historical Association’, Public Health Reports, 101(6), pp. 624–631, available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1477676/pdf/pubhealthrep00180-0062.pdf

Ward, T., Melser, J. and Yates, P.M. (2007), ‘Reconstructing the Risk–Need–Responsivity Model: A Theoretical Elaboration and Evaluation’, Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12, pp. 208–228

Weil, D. (2009), ‘A Strategic Approach to Labor Inspection’, Boston U. School of Management Research Paper, 2009-4, available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1131386, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1131386

Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid (2013), Toezien op publieke belangen: Naar een verruimd perspectief op rijkstoezicht, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, available at: www.wrr.nl/publicaties/publicatie/article/toezien-op-publieke-belangen-naar-een-verruimd-perspectief-voor-rijkstoezicht/

Wiatrowski, W.J. and Janocha, J.A. (2014), ‘Comparing Fatal Work Injuries in the United States and the European Union’, Monthly Labor Reviews, Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, available at: http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2014/article/comparing-fatal-work-injuries-us-eu.htm

Wiener, J. (2003), ‘Whose Precaution After All? A Comment on the Comparison and Evolution of Risk Regulatory Systems’, Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, 13, pp. 207–262, available at: http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/faculty_scholarship/982

Wiener, J. (2006), ‘Better Regulation in Europe’, Duke Law School Faculty Scholarship Series, Paper 65

Wiener, J. and Rogers, M.D. (2002), ‘Comparing Precaution in the United States and Europe’, Journal of Risk Research, 5(4), pp. 317–349 (2002)

Wiener, J.B., Rogers, M.D., Hammitt, J.K. and Sand, P.H. (eds) (2011), The Reality of Precaution: Comparing Risk Regulation in the United States and Europe, Washington, DC: RFF Press/Earthscan

Williams David, D. (1994), ‘Law and Administrative Discretion’, Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 2(1), Article 13, available at: http://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/ijgls/vol2/iss1/13

Wilsdon, J. (2014), ‘The Past, Present and Future of the Chief Scientific Advisor’, European Journal of Risk and Regulation, 3, pp. 293–299

Winter, S.C. and May, P.J. (2001), ‘Motivation for Compliance with Environmental Regulations’, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 20(4), pp. 675–698, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pam.1023

Winter, S.C. and May, P.J. (2011), ‘Regulatory Enforcement Styles and Compliance’, in Parker, C. and Lehmann Nielsen, V. (eds), Explaining Compliance: Business Responses to Regulation, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9780857938732

Wittberg, L. (2006), ‘Can Communication Activities Improve Compliance?’, in Elffers, H., Verboon, P. and Huisman, W. (eds.), Managing and Maintaining Compliance, The Hague: Boom Legal Publishers, pp. 25–44

Work and Pensions Committee (2008), ‘The Role of the Health and Safety Commission and the Health and Safety Executive in Regulating Workplace Health and Safety’, Third Report of Session 2007–08, 1, London: UK House of Commons, available at: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmworpen/246/246i.pdf

World Bank Group (2006), Business Licensing Reform: A Toolkit for Development Practitioners, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2006/11/7469596/business-licensing-reform-toolkit-development-practitioners

World Bank Group (2006), Good Practices for Business Inspections – Guidelines for Reformers, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: www.ifc.org/ifcext/sme.nsf/AttachmentsByTitle/BEEGood+Practices+for+Business+Inspection/$FILE/Bus+Inspect+Book.pdf

World Bank Group (2007), Review of the Dutch Administrative Burden Reduction Programme, Washington DC: World Bank Group

World Bank Group (2009), Review of the Dutch Administrative Burden Reduction Programme – Update, Washington, DC: World Bank Group

World Bank Group (2010), Policy Framework Paper on Business Licensing Reform and Simplification, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: https://www.wbginvestmentclimate.org/uploads/PolicyFrameworkPaperWEB.pdf

World Bank Group (2011), How to Reform Business Inspections: Design, Implementation, Challenges, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: www.wbginvestmentclimate.org/uploads/How%20to%20Reform%20Business%20Inspections%20WEB.pdf

World Bank Group (2012), Fighting Corruption in Public Services: Chronicling Georgia’s Reforms, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, http://dx.doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-9475-5

World Bank Group (2013), Good Practices for Construction Regulation and Enforcement Reform: Guidelines for Reformers, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2013/04/30/000356161_20130430104708/Rendered/PDF/771000WP0Box3700Regulation0jan02013.pdf

World Bank Group (2014a), Food Safety Toolkit, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: https://www.wbginvestmentclimate.org/toolkits/food-safety-toolkit/

World Bank Group (2014b), Implementing a Shared Inspection Management System – Insights from Recent International Experience, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, available at: https://www.wbginvestmentclimate.org/advisory-services/cross-cutting-issues/ict-in-investment-climate-reform/implementing-a-shared-inspection-management-system.cfm

World Bank Group (2018, forthcoming), Inspections Integration Models, Washington, DC: World Bank Group

World Health Organization/United Nations Environment Programme (2012), State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals – 2012, available at: http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/endocrine/en/

World Trade Organization (2010), ‘Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures’, The WTO Agreements Series, Geneva, available at: https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/booksp_e/agrmntseries4_sps_e.pdf

Yan, H., van Rooij, B. and van der Heijden, J. (2015a), ‘The Enforcement-Compliance Paradox: Lessons About Matching Regulatory Priorities to Compliance Motivations from Pesticide Regulation in China’, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-24, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2576888

Yan, H., van der Heijden, J. and van Rooij, B. (2015b), ‘Symmetric and Asymmetric Motivations for Compliance and Violation: A Crisp Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (csQCA) of Chinese Farmers’, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-02, Irvine: UC Irvine School of Law, available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2539192

Yan, H., van der Heijden, J. and van Rooij, B. (2015c), ‘Contextual Compliance: Situational and Subjective Cost-Benefit Decisions about Pesticides by Chinese Farmers’, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-24

Yeung, K. (2004), Securing Compliance: A Principled Approach, Oxford: Hart Publishing

Yeung, K. (2013), ‘Better Regulation, Administrative Sanctions and Constitutional Values’, Legal Studies, 33(2), pp. 312–339, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-121X.2012.00241.x

Young, J.H. (1985), ‘The Pig That Fell into the Privy: Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle and the Meat Inspection Amendments of 1906’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 59(4), pp. 467–480

Young, J.H. (1987), ‘From Oysters to After-Dinner Mints: The Role of the Early Food and Drug Inspector’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 42(1), pp. 30–53, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhmas/42.1.30

Young, J.H. (1989), Pure Food: Securing the Federal Food and Drugs Act of 1906, Princeton: Princeton University Press

Young, J.H. (1992), ‘Food and Drug Enforcers in the 1920s: Restraining and Educating Business’, Business and Economic History, 21, pp. 119–128, available at: http://www.thebhc.org/sites/default/files/beh/BEHprint/v021/p0119-p0128.pdf

Zgoba, K.M. et al. (2012), ‘A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act’, November, National Institute of Justice, available at: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/240099.pdf

Zhang, Q. (2009), ‘The Chinese Regulatory Licensing Regime for Pharmaceutical Products: A Law and Economics Analysis’, Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review, 15(2), pp. 417–452, available at: http://repository.law.umich.edu/mttlr/vol15/iss2/4

Zimring, F.E., Hawkins, G. and Kamin S. (2001), Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You’re Out in California, Oxford University Press