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Accession to the World Trade Organization

A Legal Analysis

Dylan Geraets

This detailed and perceptive book examines the extent and scope of how rules for accession to the WTO may vary between countries, approaching the concerns that some countries enter with a better deal than others. Dylan Geraets critiques these additional ‘rules’ and aims to answer the question of whether new Members of the WTO are under stricter rules than the original Members, whilst analysing the accession process to the multilateral trading system.
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Abbreviations

A Legal Analysis

Dylan Geraets

AB

Appellate Body

ACDB

Accession Commitments Database

Agreement on Agriculture

Agreement on Agriculture, 15 April 1994, Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, Annex 1A, 1867 U.N.T.S. 410

Agreement on Preshipment Inspection

Agreement on Preshipment Inspection, 1868 U.N.T.S. 368

Agreement on Rules of Origin

Agreement on Rules of Origin, 1868 U.N.T.S. 397

Agreement on Safeguards

Agreement on Safeguards, 1869 U.N.T.S. 154

Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft

Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft, 1869 U.N.T.S. 508 (Text available at 1186 U.N.T.S. 170)

AMS

Aggregate Measurement of Support

Anti-Dumping Agreement

Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (Anti-Dumping Agreement), 1868 U.N.T.S. 201

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

Customs Valuation Agreement

Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994, 1868 U.N.T.S. 279

DC

Developing country

DET

Differential export tax

DSB

Dispute Settlement Body

DSU

Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes

EAEU

Eurasian Economic Union

EU

European Union

FDI

Foreign direct investment

Final Act

Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, 15 April 1994, 1867 U.N.T.S. 14, 33 I.L.M. 1143 (1994)

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT 1947

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1947

GATT 1994

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994

GDP

Gross domestic product

General Court

General Court of the European Union (formerly Court of First Instance)

GVCs

Global value chains

HS

Harmonized System

ICJ

International Court of Justice

ILC

International Law Commission

IMF

International Monetary Fund

Import Licensing Agreement

Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures

ITO

International Trade Organization

LDC

Least-Developed Country

Member

Member of the World Trade Organization

Member State

Member State of the European Union

MFN

Most-Favoured Nation

NMEs

Non-market economy(ies)

NTB

Non-tariff barrier

PEC

Planned-economy country

PPA

Protocol of Provisional Application

PTA

Preferential trade agreement

RCEP

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

RTA

Regional trade agreement

Schedule

Schedule of Specific Commitments

SCM Agreement

Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures

SOE

State-owned enterprise

SPS

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

SPS Agreement

Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TBT Agreement

Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade

TDI

(EU) Trade Defence Instruments

TEU

Treaty on European Union

TFA

Agreement on Trade Facilitation

TISA

Trade in Services Agreement

TPP

Trans-Pacific Partnership

TPSSM

Transitional Product-Specific Safeguard Mechanism

TRIMS Agreement

Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures

TRIPS

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TRIPS Agreement

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TRQ

Tariff rate quota

TTIP

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

UN

United Nations

UPOV

International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

Uruguay Round

Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations

USDOC

United States Department of Commerce

Vienna Convention

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

WB

World Bank

WPR

Working Party Report

WTO

World Trade Organization

WTO Agreement

Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization