Law is not law unless it refers to justice; justice requires reflection in law. Law is defective if it does not deliver the shallow justice of predictability and consistency. Law is defective if it does not adequately express the conceptions of deep justice in a community. Law is dangerous and oppressive where it departs from true justice. True justice depends on their being an objective account of human deserts. It requires attention to questions about what human beings are, what is good for human beings, and whether they have a relationship to God. True justice is a transcendent concept, either a desideratum, necessary but non-existent, or grounded in the eternal. If God exists, then true justice exists for only God could issue the final judgment which is the end of law. Augustine’s critical natural law theory looked forward to such a Day of Judgment.
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