Industries, Nations and Time
This chapter explores how a number of central and northern European entrepreneurs built substantial waste management businesses that aimed to make positive social and environmental contributions to their societies before World War II. These firms held strikingly modern views of environmental challenges, and they prefigured many late-twentieth-century recycling processes. The profit motive encouraged technological innovation and left a legacy of scientific and engineering knowledge of waste materials and their processing and utilization. The historical experience seen here revealed the challenges of achieving profitability in large-scale recycling. There was a tension between the cyclicality of demand for recycled materials and the continuousness of waste production. In waste management, governments emerge as facilitators for private firms, but also competitors through their own municipal businesses.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.