The Third Paradigm
Chapter 4: Individualism and the original genius
Where the tension between the communal and individual nature of creativity comes to the fore. A brief historical excursus on the emergence of early individualistic approaches to creativity precedes a discussion of the emergence of the privilege system and an introduction to the copyright and droit d’auteur revolution. The reasons for such epochal change come to light in a review of the theoretical and historical landscape leading to the emergence of the 2nd Paradigm. This was a subtle, rather than radical, shift. In particular, copyright reform is located within the broader context of the birth of the individual, the idea of original genius that first emerged with Dürer and Renaissance super-artists, and the rise of the Romantic author. Further, probing the demise of imitation and borrowing as constitutive elements of aesthetics yields an outline of the misperceptions that led to an outright abandonment of the premodern imitative paradigm and sidelined the cumulative and collaborative nature of creativity in the policy discourse. As the next section will explicate, finally, copyright law rapidly became distributor – rather than author – centred.
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