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Understanding Emotions in Post-Factual Politics

Negotiating Truth

Anna Durnová

Post-factual politics has united scientists and civil society in a public defence of truth, however, the battle may already have been lost to a binarity of facts and emotions. Analysing and comparing scientists’ protests against the Trump presidency with famous scientific controversies in modern medicine, this innovative book redefines truth as a negotiation in public discourse between the interplay of values, beliefs and facts. It shows that in order to understand post-factual politics we must unveil emotion’s role in knowledge-making.
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Index

Anna Durnová

1960s 20, 27, 49, 51, 53, 569, 88, 120121
Abortion 98, 104
Affect (n.) 62
Affective 62, 112
Ahmed, Sara 16, 63, 109, 111, 132
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) 20, 736, 89, 103, 105, 11213
Alexander, Jeffrey 14, 17, 23, 35, 57, 5963, 121, 124
alternative 88, 92, 11314
facts 4, 35, 889, 113
knowledge 103,
opinions 113
sources of knowledge 56
American 58, 85
academia 2
electorate 100
history 83
American Association for the Advancement of Science 10
American Cancer Society 90
American Geophysical Union 23
Anxiety 2, 40, 64
Ariadne
myth of 4951, 121
Argumentation (theoretical concept) 479, 63
Argumentative policy analysis 13, 61
Arguments 15, 18, 22, 35, 48, 61, 72, 85, 88, 94, 97, 99, 102103, 123, 125
Asbestos 11, 55
attack on truth 15, 55, 5, 7, 9, 18, 20, 26, 55, 116, 125
autoethnographic 131
automatic 109, 130
autopsies 414, 6872, 92
belief 2, 9, 13, 1516, 20, 38, 46, 55, 61, 64, 747, 88, 91, 115, 117127, 128131
personal 93
religious 16, 54, 105, 128
in reason 38, 128
in science 27, 53
Barthes, Roland 5253, 65
Benedek, Isztvan 42, 44, 65, 70
binary 221, 379, 46, 52, 6063, 65, 77, 828, 94, 102, 11119, 122
code 13
opposition 14, 32
binarity 16
biography 16, 76
biographical analysis 118
Boltanski, Luc 95, 118
Callon, Michel 10, 11, 17, 58
censorship 6, 11, 25, 31, 37, 79, 81, 83, 84, 104
government 104
self-censorship 25
Center for Disease Control (CDC) 10, 30, 78, 129
Charaudeau, Patrick 20, 126
Childbed fever 12, 3945, 6775, 79, 912, 103, 105, 115, 118, 129
civil
protest 279, 30, 85, 97, 100
rights 100
society 30, 57, 59
sphere theory 59
civilization 111
climate change 5, 2526, 28, 29, 31, 356, 82, 834, 97
denial 106
denier 25, 28, 31
anthropogenic cause of climate change 289, 31, 84, 97, 106
Clinton, Hillary 4, 28
code 3, 7, 10, 1314, 16, 1920, 37, 63, 79, 83, 88, 98
analysis of 1620, 1236
see also binary code
see also cultural code
cognitive
bias 1, 86, 131
structure 124
communication 4, 20, 26, 36, 52, 63, 86, 91, 967, 121, 125
community
scientific 5, 23, 26, 39, 44, 50, 82, 84, 96, 103, 106, 112
Congress 23, 26, 32, 90, 91, 107
Conservative 88, 100, 102
Contergan forte 11, 20, 535, 81
Context (analytic category) 88, 110112, 120127
Contextualization 116, 120, 1246
controversy
historical 11, 12, 17, 18, 39, 119
scientific 44, 55, 79, 81, 82
critical
inquiry 2, 916, 50, 56, 6065
inquiry into truth production 10, 60, 65, 113, 12830
policy studies 17, 478, 57, 61, 76, 124
moment 70, 745, 78
cultural
ascendency of science 18, 98
ascendency of scientific knowledge 89, 23, 46, 63, 11416, 11820, 128
code 59, 62
divide 12, 16, 24, 27, 38, 65
identity 9, 99, 100
culture war 100
cultural sociology 1720, 124
culture, theoretical concept 13, 237, 634, 95, 127
Czarniawska, Barbara 16, 123
Deleuze, Gilles 5053, 120
Deliberation 13, 57, 58, 114
approaches 13
discourses 59
inquiry 5761, 121
critique of 77
democracy 5, 7, 9, 14, 18, 19, 23, 26, 338, 86, 97, 98, 103, 106
deliberative 579
liberal 59
participatory 566
democratic
governing 46, 810, 113
order 57, 122, 129
societies 58, 101
democratization of science 10, 58, 106
Dewey, John 57, 62
dichotomy
fact–value 64, 93, 120, 129
people versus experts 4, 8, 14, 95
between factual and emotional 46, 121122
disbelief in science 27, 59, 65
discourse (analytical category) 4850, 61, 62, 108, 110113, 120127
anti-expertise 27
anti-vaccination 78
critical 59
media 26, 74
on emotions 114123, 127
on science 3, 5, 7, 13, 39, 65, 77, 914, 122, 123, 128, 129
post factual 56, 113, 114, 116
rational 16
discursive 49, 6062
interdependence 48, 51
label 1, 96
nature 48
opposition 13
patterns 110
psychology 126
registers 2, 68, 1216, 20, 51, 59, 605, 925, 10211, 11419, 12330
setting 18
strategies 51, 105
Dryzek, John 578
emotion
concept 110, 10930
references of 120127
emotional
appeals 2, 3, 6, 12, 13, 3839, 46, 65, 77, 110, 113, 114
public 3, 5, 16, 105108, 128
emotionality 6, 14, 15, 18, 435, 65, 108, 113, 115, 122, 125
emotions
sociology of 16, 123, 125
politics of 111
analysis 1226
empowerment 1314, 57, 62, 88, 103, 104, 106, 130
environment 26, 43, 44, 53
environmental policy–making 83
environmental research 99
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 5, 25, 82
Epistemological 16, 48, 51, 52, 109, 111
rupture 114
structure 122
epistemology 63, 64, 103
evidence 7, 8, 10, 14, 18, 22, 23, 28, 29, 31, 35, 38, 436, 47, 53, 55, 61, 7486, 90111, 119, 128
evidence–based 8, 10, 14, 45, 63, 67, 86, 99, 103, 115, 119122
expertise
scientific 59, 11, 18, 245, 29, 312, 38, 48, 60, 63, 77, 83, 8587, 978, 101103, 130
experts 46, 1617, 22, 38, 47, 55, 5860, 77, 82, 94, 95, 105, 128
scientific 102
fact–checking 5, 25, 127
fear 2, 19, 23, 24, 26, 37, 44, 56, 72, 75, 85, 106, 110, 111, 112, 11822, 129
feminism 104
feminist 104, 113
Fischer, Frank 89, 17, 478, 57, 612, 120, 124
First 100 Days 6, 7, 18, 246, 85, 109
Fleck, Ludwig 11
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 54
Foucault, Michel 7, 4855, 12021
France 39, 94, 95
Germany 11, 20
Gould, Deborah 16, 74, 76, 11112
governing
analysis of 7, 459, 579, 11113
democratic 56, 910, 113
elites 8, 13, 30, 45, 49, 51, 55, 113, 114
modern 78, 77, 115
participatory 569
rationality of 78, 13
technocratic 57
US 25
GRID (Gay related Immunodeficiency Syndrome) 734
Griggs, Steven 47
Habermas, Jürgen 57, 121
Hajer, Maarten 479, 61, 62, 110, 124
Harding, Sandra 10, 17, 58, 87, 103
Harvard 6, 7, 18, 24, 26, 28, 35, 88
historical
analysis of Semmelweis 7, 17, 44, 69
history of science 12, 45, 95, 103
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) 75, 119
hoax 37, 84, 97, 104
Hochschild, Arlie 16, 27, 28, 111
hope 2, 4, 40, 64, 107, 121, 122
Howarth, David 7, 17, 47, 49
human cognition 109
Hunter, Shona 13, 16, 62, 112
institution 28, 1112, 22, 25, 479, 54, 59, 71, 79, 8183, 95, 117
institutional
authorities 79
background 48, 71, 109, 127
boundary 48
dimension of knowledge 37
hierarchy 93
pressure 54
responsibilities 68
institutionalization 47, 61
interdependence 9, 10, 13, 22, 38, 46, 48, 49, 51, 53, 61, 63, 767, 86, 923, 98, 119, 12830
interpretive 13, 52
analysis 17, 120128
irrational 7, 10, 12, 32, 35, 45, 55, 60, 94, 100
Jasanoff, Sheila 3, 8, 17, 22, 34, 35, 58, 120
Jasper, James 16, 60, 112
Kelsey-Oates, Frances 54, 105
Kerbrat-Orrecchioni, Catherine 126
Kids March for Science 37
knowledge
emotional accounts of 119
fact-based 7, 13, 22, 48, 85, 99, 115
local 46, 95
making 15, 16, 47, 51, 58, 62, 63, 64, 112, 120, 122, 128, 130
production 49, 56, 58, 94, 124
sociology of scientific knowledge 11, 47, 49, 64, 70
Kuhn, Thomas 11, 522, 58, 71
Latour, Bruno 10, 11, 17, 58, 65, 103, 104
Le Galès Patrick 8, 58, 124
Liberal 8, 26, 27, 29, 56, 57, 103106, 129
Lyotard, Jean–François 51
Maingueneau, Dominique 15, 20, 126
Majone, Giandomenico 8, 9, 47
March for Science 37, 15, 1820, 2338, 84, 85, 86, 96107, 11617, 125
Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) 20, 31, 54, 779, 81
media
coverage 25, 34
discourse see discourse
Memmi, Dominique 38, 945
metaphor 7, 16, 17, 19, 20, 26, 52, 116, 121, 126,
metonymisation 95
miasma 4142
MIT 27
narration 20, 28, 36, 46, 49, 50, 51, 52, 77, 79, 84, 88, 107, 108, 110, 123, 125
narrative 37, 10, 13, 1619, 20, 27, 54, 61, 62, 63, 81, 83, 88, 92, 100, 102, 105, 110, 11517, 1238
neutral 7, 8, 11, 46, 49, 56, 60, 64, 76, 92, 93, 101, 113
neutrality 2, 3, 6, 11, 12, 22, 38, 53, 54, 63, 64, 86, 95, 114
neutralization 9395, 101106
New York Times 4, 18, 19, 29, 73, 74
Nixon, Richard 29
Normalization 7, 24, 26
Nowotny, Helga 3, 8, 53, 118
nudging 109
objective 7, 8, 12, 22, 24, 46, 64, 95, 109, 110, 113, 115, 130
objectivity 2, 3, 6, 11, 12, 38, 48, 53, 58, 64, 85, 93, 114
Paris 29, 41, 96
participant observation 19
partisan 12, 15, 18, 46, 60, 913, 99103, 107, 125130
issue 35, 96, 98
partisanship 3, 6, 7, 15, 20, 46, 64, 65, 88, 9099, 102108, 114, 116, 119, 128, 131
passion 35, 63, 82, 85, 107, 114, 11516, 125
Planned Parenthood 104
polarization 28, 38, 100, 114
political sociology 47
politicizing 99, 100, 127
politicization 11, 95, 99
policy
analysis 8, 47
instruments 22
measures 7, 10, 13
studies 13, 17, 22, 47, 48, 57, 58, 60, 61, 112, 115, 123
populist 1, 9, 11, 13, 29, 63, 105
positivist 49, 50, 53, 56, 61
postmodern
condition 51, 88
critique 49, 51
thought 88
postmodernism 65, 88
poststructuralist 62
power 7, 22, 38, 48, 51, 55, 77, 80, 84, 102, 124, 125, 130
democratic 57
governing 2
relations 48, 50, 58, 59, 72, 122
structure 60
pre enlightenment 35
Pruitt, Scott 823
public
defence of science 6, 65, 96, 101, 102, 130
engagement 58, 59, 122
understanding of science 35, 58, 59, 60
rational 7, 8, 49, 51, 55, 60, 95, 114, 128
Rationality 8, 9, 57, 61, 63
of expertise 46
political 5, 7, 8, 9, 13, 23, 378, 58, 61, 63, 65, 115, 11920, 122
of science 2, 3, 8, 11, 12, 16, 18, 328, 45, 46, 53, 64, 85, 94, 101, 108, 128
rationalization of expertise 95
Reagan administration 76
reflexive 17, 38, 47, 52, 58, 112, 130, 131
reflexivity 60, 129, 130
relativism 88
relativist 2, 3
rhetorical
devices 13, 15, 20, 37, 59, 61, 63, 79, 83, 87, 88, 92, 95, 98, 1236, 128
figures 3, 17, 19, 20
rupture
moment of 114
Sabin Center for Climate Change Law 6, 25
Sauer, Birgit 64, 111
scenography 3, 15, 22, 82, 83, 98, 100, 105, 108, 128
of truth 13, 15, 19, 20, 45, 71, 87, 88, 125, 128
science
advocacy 4, 28, 96
communication 36, 86, 96
denial 2, 3, 23, 27, 30, 31, 34, 55, 65, 76, 96, 99, 102, 105, 110, 122, 128, 129
education 96
misinformation 77
sceptics 97
science and technology studies 3, 6, 17, 22, 57, 87, 103, 120
scientific
self 127
semantic boundary 20, 124
Semmelweis, Ignaz 11, 20, 3849, 53, 64, 65, 6781, 9193, 106, 115119, 125, 128, 129
Semmelweis Reflex 45
Silencing Science Tracker 6, 18, 19, 25, 31, 83, 84, 104, 119
social movement 14, 30, 37, 51, 53, 112, 123
social networks 10, 96
sociology of emotions see emotions
sociology of scientific knowledge see knowledge
socio political
order 2, 3, 15, 93, 97, 114, 115, 116, 120, 124, 126, 130, 131
interdependence 9, 10, 13, 38, 46, 53, 61, 63, 76, 77, 86, 92, 93, 98, 128, 129, 130
Stanford 117
subject (analytical category) 20, 50, 52, 120128
Theory of Science 6, 11, 12, 44
Thévenot, Laurent 95
Torgerson, Douglas 8, 47, 48, 57
Trump, Donald 27, 10, 18, 19, 2338, 55, 59, 78, 82, 83, 847, 90, 95, 97101, 104107, 109, 110, 113, 114, 119, 129
truth
production 2, 3, 9, 1416, 18, 38, 49, 56, 65, 78, 85, 88, 97, 113, 114, 120, 128, 129, 130, 131
uncomfortable 15, 79, 84
(the) Union of concerned Scientists 7, 23, 26, 27, 101
Vaccination 31, 35, 77, 78, 116
autism link 20, 80, 82, 84, 105
controversy 79, 81
Anti-vaccination 78, 80
Vaccine hesitancy 106
Values 25, 9, 13, 1518, 20, 24, 26, 27, 30, 35, 37, 38, 469, 61, 64, 747, 88, 10312, 11831
Vaxxed 7980
Velvet Revolution 1
Yanow, Dvora 9, 17, 49, 52, 61, 124
Wagenaar, Hendrik 9, 17, 47, 52, 61
Wakefield, Andrew 20, 31, 7683, 1056, 11516
Washington Post 18, 19, 29
White House 4, 5, 28, 76, 84
Women’s March on Washington 10