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A Guide to State Succession in International Investment Law

Patrick Dumberry

A Guide to State Succession in International Investment Law provides a comprehensive analysis of State succession issues arising in the context of international investment law. The author examines whether a successor State is bound by the investment treaties and State contracts which the predecessor State had signed with other States and foreign investors before the date of succession. Actors who are called upon to apply rules of State succession in investment arbitration cases will find this book a valuable source of practical guidance with strong theoretical foundations.
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Patrick Dumberry

All websites listed were active at February 2018, the date of the submission of the manuscript.

BOOKS

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ARTICLES IN BOOKS

Belkahla, M., ‘La succession d’États en matiere de traitées mulitatereux relatives aux droit de l’homme’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Bennouna, M., ‘La protection diplomatique, un droit de l’État?’ in Boutros Boutros-Ghali Amicorum Discipulorumque Liber. Paix, Développement, Démocratie, vol. I (Bruylant 1998).

Bernardini, P., ‘Nationality Requirements under BITs and Related Case Law’, in F. Ortono et al. (eds) Investment Treaty Law, Current Issues II, Nationality and Investment Treaty Claims (BIICL 2007).

Berezowski, C., ‘Les problèmes de la subjectivité internationale’, in V. Ibler (ed.), Mélanges offerts à Juraj Andrassy (Martinus Nijhoff 1968).

Bilkova, V., ‘La succession aux traités internationaux suite à la dissolution des fédérations ex-socialistes après 1990’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Binder, C. and C. Schreuer, ‘Unjust Enrichment’, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP, online edn, 2006).

Bokor-Szego, H., ‘Continuation et succession en matière de traités internationaux’, in G. Burdeau and B. Stern (eds), Dissolution, continuation et succession en Europe de l’Est (Cedin-Paris I 1994).

Bühler, K.G., ‘State Succession, Identity/Continuity and Membership in the United Nations’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Cahier, P., ‘Quelques aspects de la Convention de 1978 sur la succession d’États en matière de traités’, in B. Dutoit and E. Grisel (eds), Mélanges Georges Perrin (Payot 1984).

Cahin, G., ‘Attribution of Conduct to a State: Insurrectional Movements', in J. Crawford, A. Pellet and S. Olleson (eds), The Law of International Responsibility (CUP 2010).

Cheng, T-H., ‘State Succession and Commercial Obligations: Lessons from Kosovo’, in Mahnoush Arsanjani et al. (eds), Looking to the Future: Essays on International Law in Honor of W. Michael Reisman (Martinus Nijhoff 2010).

Christakis, Ch., ‘L’obligation de non-reconnaissance des situations créées par le recours illicite à la force ou d’autres actes enfreignant des règles fondamentales’, in Ch. Tomuschat and J.-M. Thouvenin (eds), The Fundamental Rules of the International Legal Order: Jus cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes (Martinus Nijhoff 2005).

Clariana, G., ‘La succession dans les Communautés européennes’, in G. Burdeau and B. Stern (eds), Dissolution, continuation et succession en Europe de l’Est (Cedin-Paris I 1994).

Clive, E., ‘Unjustified Enrichment’, in A. Hartkamp, M. Hesslink, E. Hodius, C. Joustra, E. Du Perron and M. Veldmann (eds), Towards a European Civil Code, 3rd edn (Nijmegen, Aspen 2004)

Corten, O., ‘Article 39’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Dawidowicz, M., ‘The Obligation of Non-Recognition of an Unlawful Situation’, in J. Crawford, A. Pellet and S. Olleson (eds), The Law of International Responsibility (OUP 2010).

Di Stefano, A., ‘Article 24’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Dicke, D. Chr., ‘Unjustified Enrichment and Compensation’, in D. Chr. Dicke (ed.), Foreign Investment in the Present and a New International Economic Order (Fribourg UP 1987).

Dorr, O., ‘Cession’, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP, online edn, 2006).

Dugard, J., ‘Continuous Nationality, Enrichment’, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP, online edn, 2006).

Dumberry, P., ‘International Investment Contracts’, in T. Gazzini and E. de Brabandere (eds), International Investment Law. The Sources of Rights and Obligations (Martinus Nijhoff 2012).

Dumberry, P., ‘La succession d'États en matière de responsabilité internationale et ses liens avec la responsabilité des États en matière de traités’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Dumberry, P. and E. Labelle Eastaugh, ‘Non-State Actors in International Investment Law: The Legal Personality of Corporations and NGOs in the Context of Investor-State Arbitration’, in J. d'Aspremont (ed.), Participants in the International Legal System: Multiples Perspectives on Non-State Actors in International Law (Routledge-Cavendish 2011).

Dumberry, P. and G. Dumas-Aubin, ‘The Doctrine of “Clean Hands” and the Inadmissibility of Claims by Investors Breaching International Human Rights Law’, in U. Kriebaum (ed.), Aligning Human Rights and Investment Protection (2013) 10(1) TDM Special Issue.

Eisemann, P.M., ‘Rapport du Directeur de la section de langue française du Centre’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Eisemann, P.M., ‘Emprunts russes et problèmes de succession d’Etats’, in P. Juillard and B. Stern (eds), Les emprunts russes et le règlement du contentieux financier franco-russe (Cedin Cahiers internationaux no. 16, 2002).

Fiedler, W., ‘Continuity’, in R. Bernhardt (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Public International Law, vol. 1 (North Holland 1984).

Forget, L., ‘La succession d’États en Europe de l’Est et les organisations financières internationales: l’experience de la Banque Mondiale’, in G. Burdeau and B. Stern (eds), Dissolution, Continuation et Succession en Europe de l’Est: succession d’États et relations économiques internationales (Montchrestien 1994).

Gagglioli, G., ‘Article 6’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Gallagher, N., ‘The Requirement for Substantive Nationality’, in F. Ortono et al. (eds), Investment Treaty Law, Current Issues II, Nationality and Investment Treaty Claims (BIICL 2007).

Gammara, Y., ‘Current Questions of State Succession Relating to Multilateral Treaties’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Garrido-Munoz, A., ‘Article 8’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Goia, A., ‘State Succession and International Financial Organizations’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Gradoni, L., ‘Article 2’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Graf-Brugère, ‘Article 31’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Hafner, G. and I. Buffard, ‘Les principales différences entre les propositions de la Commission du droit international et le résultat de la Conférence des Nations Unies à Vienne sur la succession d’États en matière de traités’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Hafner, G., ‘Austria and Slovenia: Succession to Bilateral Treaties and the State Treaty of 1955’, in M. Mrak (ed.), State Succession (Brill 1999).

Hafner, G. and G. Novak, ‘State Succession in Respect of Treaties’, in D.B. Hollis (ed.), The Oxford Guide to Treaties (OUP 2012).

Henry, E., ‘Article 16’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Hernández, G.I., ‘The Interaction Between Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict in the Interpretation of Full Protection and Security Clauses’, in F. Baetens (ed.), Investment Law Within International Law (CUP 2013).

Hofmann, R., ‘Annexation’, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP, online edn, 2006).

Jacquet, J-M., ‘Contrat d'État’, Jurisclasseur Droit international, fasc. 565.

Jenks, W.C., ‘Multinational Entities in the Law of Nations’, in Transnational Law in a Changing Society: Essays in Honor of Philip C. Jessup (Columbia UP 1972).

Kaboré, A.P., ‘Article 7’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Karagiannis, S., ‘Article 29’, in O. Corten and P. Klein (eds), Les Conventions de Vienne sur le Droit des Traités. Commentaire Article par Article (Bruylant 2006).

Karavias, M., ‘Treaty law and Multinational Enterprises: More Than Internationalized Contracts?’, in C.J. Tams, A. Tzanakopoulos and A. Zimmermann (eds), Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties (Edward Elgar 2014).

Klabbers, J. and M. Koskenniemi, ‘Succession in Respect to State Property, Archives and Debts, and Nationality’, in J. Klabbers, M. Koskenniemi, O. Ribbelink and A. Zimmermann (eds), State Practice Regarding State Succession and Issues of Recognition (Council of Europe 1999).

Kohen, M.G., ‘Le problème des frontières en cas de dissolution et de séparation d’Etats: quelles alternatives?’, in O. Corten, B. Delcourt, P. Klein and N. Levrat, Démembrement d’Etats et délimitations territoriales: L’uti possidetis en question(s) (Bruylant 1999).

Kohen, M.G, ‘Introduction’, in M.G. Kohen (ed.), Secession: International Law Perspectives (CUP 2006).

Kolliopoulos, A., ‘Article 9’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Koskenniemi, M., ‘Report of the Director of Studies’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Kuyper, P.J., ‘The Community and State Succession in Respect of Treaties’, in D. Curtin and T. Heukels (eds), Institutional Dynamics of European Integration, Essays in Honour of Henry G. Schermers, vol. II (Martinus Nijhoff 1994).

Lalive, P., ‘The Doctrine of Acquired Rights’, in M. Bender (ed.), Rights and Duties of Private Investors Abroad (International And Comparative Law Center 1965).

Langstöm, T., ‘The Dissolution of the Soviet Union in the Light of the 1978 Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect to Treaties’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Leben, C., ‘Retour sur la notion de contrat d’Etat et sur le droit applicable à celui-ci’, in L’évolution du droit international: Mélanges offerts à Hubert Thierry (Pédone 1998).

Leben, C., ‘Quelques réflexions théoriques à propos des contrats d’Etat’, in Souveraineté étatique et marchés internationaux à la fin du 20e siècle: Mélange en l’honneur de Philippe Kahn (Litec 2000).

Liberti, L., ‘Investissements et droits de l’homme’, in P. Kahn and T. Wälde (eds), New Aspects of International Investment Law (Martinus Nijhoff 2007).

Maljean-Dubois, S., ‘Le rôle de l’équité dans le droit de la succession d’Etats’, in P.M. Eisemann and M. Koskenniemi (eds), Codification Tested against the Facts (Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

Marques Antunes, S., ‘Acquiescence’, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP, online edn, 2006).

Mendelson, M., ‘The Runaway Train: The Continuous Nationality Rule from the Panevezys-Saldutiskis Railway Case to Loewen’, in T. Weiler (ed.), International Investment Law and Arbitration: Leading Cases from the ICSID, NAFTA, Bilateral Treaties and Customary International Law (Cameron May 2005).

Mendelson, M., ‘The Requirement for Continuous Nationality’, in F. Ortono et al. (eds), Investment Treaty Law, Current Issues II, Nationality and Investment Treaty Claims (BIICL 2007).

Milanovic, M., ‘The Spatial Dimension: Treaties and Territory’, in C.J. Tams, A. Tzanakopoulos and A. Zimmermann (eds), Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties’ (Edward Elgar 2014).

Mikulka, V., ‘Article 34’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Milulka, V., ‘Article 35’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Moussa, J., ‘L’indépendance du Soudan du Sud et la Convention de Vienne sur la succession d’Etats en matière de traités’, in G. Distefano, G. Gaggioli and A. Hêche (eds), La Convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités: Commentaire article par article et études thématiques (Bruylant 2015).

Muchlinski, P., ‘Corporations in International Law’, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP, online edn, 2006).

Mullerson, R., ‘Law and Politics in Succession of States: International Law on Succession of States’, in G. Burdeau and B. Stern (eds), Dissolution, continuation et succession en Europe de l’Est (Cedin-Paris I 1994).

O’Connell, D.P., ‘Independence and Problems of State Succession’, in W. O’Brien (ed.), The New Nations in International Law and Diplomacy (Stevens & Sons 1965).

Odendahl, K., ‘Commentary to Article 29’, in O. Dorr and K. Schmalenbach (eds), The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Springer 2012).

Ohly, D.C., ‘A Functional Analysis of Claimant Eligibility’, in R. Lillich (ed.), International Law of State Responsibility for Injuries to Aliens (UP Virginia 1983).

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Repousis, O.G., ‘On Territoriality and International Investment Law: Applying China's Investment Treaties to Hong Kong and Macao’ (2015) 37(1) Michigan JIL.

Repousis, O.G., ‘The Application of Investment Treaties to Overseas Territories and the Uncertain Provisional Application of the Energy Charter Treaty to Gibraltar’ (2016) 32(1) ICSID Rev.

Repousis, O.G., ‘Why Russian Investment Treaties Could Apply to Crimea and What Would This Mean For the Ongoing Russo–Ukrainian Territorial Conflict’ (2016) Arb Int.

Repousis, O.G and J. Fry, ‘Armed Conflict and State Succession in Investor-State Arbitration’ (2016) 23(3) Columbia JEL.

Rich, R., ‘Recognition of States: The Collapse of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union’ (1993) 4(1) EJIL.

Rodriguez Iglesias, G.C., ‘El enriquecimiento sin causa como fundamento de responsabilidad internacional’ (1982) 34 REDI.

Rosenne, S., ‘The Effect of Change of Sovereignty upon Municipal Law’ (1950) 27 British YIL.

Rougevin-Baville, M., ‘Le sort des droits et obligations de l’ancienne ‘Colonie du Congo belge’ d’après la jurisprudence des juridictions de Belgique’ (1963) 2(1) Revue judiciaire congolaise.

Rubins, N., ‘Loewen v. United States: The Burial of an Investor-State Arbitration Claim’ (2005) 21 Arb Int’l.

Sarvarian, A., ‘Codifying the Law of State Succession: A Futile Endeavour?’ (2016) 27(3) EJIL.

Sayre, F.B., ‘Change of Sovereignty and Concessions’ (1918) AJIL.

Schachter, O., ‘The Development of International Law through the Legal Opinions of the United Nations’ (1948) 20 British YIL.

Schachter, O., ‘State Succession: the Once and Future Law’ (1993) 33(2) Virginia JIL.

Schreuer, C.H., ‘Unjustified Enrichment in International Law’ (1974) 22 Am J Comp L.

Schreuer, C., ‘The Protection of Investments in Armed Conflict’ (2012) 3 TDM.

Schrijver, N.J., ‘The UN Council for Namibia vs. Urenco, UCN and the State of the Netherlands’ (1988) 1 Leiden JIL.

Schwebel, S.M., ‘International Protection of Contractual Arrangements’ (1959) ASIL.

Seidl-Hohenveldern, I., ‘The Theory of Quasi-International and Partly International Agreements’ (1975) 11 RBDI.

Shaw, M., ‘State Succession Revisited’ (1994) 5 Finnish YIL.

Shen, W., ‘Conceptuality or Textuality? Understanding the Notion of Expropriation in the Context of Tza Yap Shum v. The Republic of Peru’ (2014) 7 J East Asia & Int’l L.

Shen, W., ‘The Good, the Bad or the Ugly? A Critique of the Decision on Jurisdiction and Competence in Tza Yap Shum v. The Republic of Peru’ (2011) 9 Chinese JIL.

Shoyele, O., ‘State Succession and Governmental Contracts in African States’ (1997) 9 Sri Lanka JIL.

Sinclair, A.C., ‘The Substance of Nationality Requirements in Investment Treaty Arbitration’ (2005) 20 ICSID Rev.

Sinclair, I., ‘Nationality of Claims: British Practice’ (1950) 27 British YIL.

Stepanowa, A., ‘International Law and Legality of Secession in Crimea’ (2014) Cambridge JICL.

Strydom, H.A., ‘Namibian Independence and the Question of the Contractual and Delictual Liability of the Predecessor and Successor Governments’ (1989–1990) 15 South African YIL.

Swan Sik, K., ‘The Concept of Acquired Rights in International Law: A Survey’ (1977) 24 Netherlands ILR.

Szafarz, R., ‘Succession of States in Respect of Treaties in Contemporary International Law’ (1983) 12 Polish YIL.

Talmon, S., ‘The Constitutive versus the Declaratory Theory of Recognition: Tertium Non Datur?’ (2004) 75 British YIL.

Tams, C.J., ‘State Succession to Investment Treaties: Mapping the Issues’ (2016) 31(2) ICSID Rev.

Tancredi, A., ‘Neither Authorized nor Prohibited?: Secession and International Law after Kosovo, South Ossetia and Abkhazia’ (2008) 18 Italian YIL.

Tancredi, A., ‘The Russian Annexation of the Crimea: Questions Relating to the Use of Force’ (2014) 1 Questions of Int'l L.

Tucker, E.W., ‘Has the Individual Become the Subject of International Law?’ (1965) 34 U Cin L Rev.

Tzeng, P., ‘Sovereignty over Crimea: a Case for State-to-State Investment Arbitration’ (2016) 41(2) Yale JIL.

Van Ert, G., ‘Nationality, State Succession, and the Right of Option: The Case of Quebec’ (1998) 36 Canadian YIL.

Vazquez, C.M., ‘Direct vs. Indirect Obligations of Corporations under International Law’ (2005) 45 Colum J Transnat’l L.

Verdross, A., ‘Quasi-International Agreements and International Economic Transactions’ (1964) 18 Yearbook of World Affairs.

Vidmar, J., ‘Remedial Secession in International Law: Theory and (Lack of) Practice’ (2010) 6 St. Antony’s Int Rev.

Vohryzek, A., ‘Unjust Enrichment Unjustly Ignored: Opportunities and Pitfalls in Bringing unjust Enrichment Claims under ICSID’ (2009) 31 Loy L A Int'l & Comp L Rev.

Volkovitsch, M.J., ‘Righting Wrongs: Toward a New Theory of State Succession to Responsibility for International Delicts’ (1992) 92(8) Colum L Rev.

Voon, T., A. Mitchell and J. Munro, ‘Parting Ways: The Impact of Mutual Termination of Investment Treaties on Investor Rights’ (2014) 29 ICSID Rev.

Waelbroeck, M., ‘Arrêt no. 8160 du Conseil d’État Belge, note d’observations’ (1961) 1 RJDA.

Wang, H., ‘The (In)applicability of Sino-Foreign BITs to Hong Kong and Macao’ (2011) 8 Manchester J Int’l Econ L.

Weller, M., ‘The International Response to the Dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Current Developments’ (1992) 86 AJIL.

White, T.W., ‘Referendum in Crimea: Developing International Law on “Territorial Realignment” Referendums’ (2016) 38(3) Houston JIL.

Williams, P.R., ‘The Treaty Obligations of the Successor States of the Former Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia: Do They Continue in Force?’ (1994) 23 Denver J Int Law Pol.

Williams, P.R., ‘State Succession and the International Financial Institutions: Political Criteria v. Protection of Outstanding Financial Obligations’ (1994) 43 ICLQ.

Williamson, E.D., ‘State Succession and Relations with Federal States’ (1992) 86 ASIL.

Williamson, E.D. and J.E. Osborn, ‘A U.S. Perspective on Treaty Succession and Related Issues in the Wake of the Break-up of the U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia’ (1992) 33 Virginia JIL.

Wisner, R. and N. Gallus, ‘Nationality Requirements in Investor-State Arbitration’ (2004) 5 J World Invest & Trade.

Yasseen, M.K., ‘La Convention de Vienne sur la Succession d’Etats en matière de traités’ (1978) 24 AFDI.

Young, R., ‘The State of Syria: Old or New ?’ (1962) 56 AJIL.

Young, S.C., ‘Foreign Direct Investment Disputes with Unrecognized States: FDI Arbitration in Kosovo’ (2016) 22(5) J Int Arb.

Zadorozhnii, O., ‘To Justify against All Odds: the Annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the Russian Legal Scholarship’ (2015) 35 Polish YIL.

Zamuner, E., ‘Le Rapport entre Empire ottoman et la République turque face au droit international’ (2004) 6 J Hist Int'l L.

Zedalis, R.J., ‘An Independent Quebec: State Succession to NAFTA’ (1996) 2(4) NAFTA: Law & Bus Rev Am.

Zhang, Q., ‘Are the PRC BITs Applicable to China's Special Administrative Regions? In Consideration of the Sanum v. Laos Case’ (2016) 2(1) China and WTO Review.

Ziemele, I., ‘Is the Distinction between State Continuity and State Succession Reality or Fiction? The Russian Federation, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Germany’ (2001) 1 Baltic YIL.

Zimmermann, R., ‘Unjust Enrichment: The Modern Civilian Approach’ (1995) 15 Oxford J Legal Stud.

COURSES

Barberis, J.A., ‘Nouvelles questions concernant la personnalité juridique internationale’ (1983-I) 179 Rec des cours.

Bedjaoui, M., ‘Problèmes récents de succession d’Etats dans les Etats nouveaux’ (1970-II) 130 Rec des cours.

Cahier, P., ‘Changements et continuité du droit international, Cours général de droit international public’ (1985-VI) 195 Rec des cours.

Cansacchi, G., ‘Identité et continuité des sujets de droit international’ (1970-I) 130 Rec des cours.

Castren, E.J., ‘Aspects récents de la succession d’Etats’ (1951-I) 78 Rec des cours.

De Aréchaga, E.J, ‘International Law in the Past Third of a Century’ (1978-I) 159 Rec des cours.

Degan, V., ‘Création et disparition de l’État (à la lumière du démembrement de trois fédérations multiethniques en Europe)’ (1999) 279 Rec. des Cours 300.

De Visscher, C., ‘Cours général de droit international public’ (1972-II) 136 Rec des cours.

Dinstein, Y., ‘The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties’ (2006) 322 Rec des cours.

Franck, T.M., ‘Fairness in the International Legal and Institutional System: General Course on Public International Law’ (1993) 240 Rec des cours.

Ferrari-Bravo, L., ‘Méthodes de recherche de la coutume internationale dans la pratique des États’ (1985) 192 Rec des cours.

Franck, T.M., ‘Fairness in the International Legal and Institutional System: General Course on Public International Law’ (1993) 240 Rec des cours.

Friedmann, W., ‘General Course in Public International Law’ (1969-II) 127 Rec des cours.

Henkin, L., ‘International Law: Politics, Values and Function: General Course on Public International Law’ (1989) 216 Rec des cours.

Jenning, R., ‘General Course on Principles of International Law’ (1967-II) 121 Rec des cours.

Kaeckenbeeck, G., ‘La protection international des droits acquis’ (1937–1) 59 Rec des cours.

Kelsen, H., ‘Théorie générale du droit international public. Problèmes choisis’ (1932–IV) 42 Rec des cours.

Lalive, J-F., ‘Contrats entre États ou entreprises étatiques et personnes privées. Développements récents’ (1983–III) 181 Rec des cours.

Lauterpacht, H., ‘Règles générales du droit de la paix’ (1937-IV) 62 Rec des cours.

Leben, C., ‘La théorie du contrat d’État et l’évolution du droit international des investissements’ (2003) 302 Rec des cours.

Makonnen, Y., ‘State Succession in Africa: Selected Problems’ (1986–V) 200 Rec des cours.

Mendelson, M.H., ‘The Formation of Customary International Law’ (1985) 192 Rec des cours.

O’Connell, D.P., ‘Recent Problems of State Succession in Relation to New States’ (1970–II) 130 Rec des cours.

Ripert, G., ‘Les règles du droit civil applicables aux rapports internationaux’ (1933-II) 44 Rec des cours.

Salvioli, G., ‘Les règles générales de la paix’ (1933-IV) 46 Rec des cours.

Schachter, O., ‘International Law in Theory and Practice: General Course in Public International Law’ (1982) 178 Rec des cours.

Schoenborn, W., ‘La nature juridique du territoire’ (1929-V) 30 Rec des cours.   

Stern, B., ‘La succession d’États’ (1996) 262 Rec des cours.   

Udina, M., ‘La succession des États quant aux obligations internationales autres que les dettes publiques’ (1933-II) 44 Rec des cours.

Waldock, H., ‘General Course on Public International Law’ (1962) 106 Rec des cours.

Zemanek, K., ‘State Succession after Decolonization’ (1965–III) 116 Rec des cours.

STUDIES/RESEARCH PAPERS/THESIS/CONFERENCE PAPERS

Ackermann, T., ‘Investments Under Occupation: Belligerent Occupation and the Application of Investment Treaties’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Atlam, H.M., ‘Succession d’Etats et continuité en matière de responsabilité internationale’ (Ph.D. Thesis, Université de droit, d’économie et des sciences d’Aix-Marseille 1986).

Azaria, D., ‘Foreign Investment Treaties and the ILC Draft Articles on the Effect of Armed Conflicts on Treaties’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Berkes, A., ‘The Responsibility of the Host State for the Violations of Investors’ Rights in a Part of its Territory under Occupation’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Bernstein, D.W. and W. Silverman, ‘Avis sur les conséquences de l’indépendance du Québec en ce qui a trait aux traités et accords conclus avec les États-Unis d’Amérique’, 7 March 1995.

Bottini, G., ‘Reflections on the Origins and Evolution of War and Civil Disturbance Clauses’ International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

de Brabandere, E., ‘The Subjectivity of Full Protection and Security and the Due Diligence Standard’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Brower, C.N., ‘Memorandum on the March 7, 1995 Advisory Memorandum Regarding the Effect of Independence of Quebec Upon Treaties and Agreements with the United States of America’, 21 March 1995.

Braun, T.R., ‘Globalization-driven Innovation: The Investor as a Partial Subject in Public International Law – An Inquiry into the Nature and Limits of Investor Rights’, Jean Monnet Working Paper Series, JMWP 04/13.

Broude, T., ‘The Protection of Investments in Occupied Territories: Some Considerations’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Durieux, A., ‘Le problème juridique des dettes du Congo et de l’Etat du Congo’, Académie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer, Mémoire in-8, t. 28, fasc. 3, Brussels, 1961.

Fouchard Papaefstratiou, A., ‘Armed Conflicts Clause in Investment Treaties: Minimum Protection Threshold or Lex Specialis?’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Fraterman, J.A., ‘Secession, State Succession and International Arbitration’, paper, SSRN, 2013.

Gagliani, G., ‘Supervening Impossibility of Performance and the Effect of Armed Conflict on Investment Treaties: What Room for Manoeuvre?’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Giupponi, B.O., ‘Exploring the Links Between Nationality Changes and Investment Claims Arising out of Armed Conflicts’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Joyner, D., ‘Termination and Suspension of Investment Treaties as a Consequence of Armed Conflict’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Kryvoi, Y., ‘Annexation of Crimea and International Investment Law’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Osmani-Sadriu, V., ‘Treaty Application in Kosovo Through Rules of Succession and as Domestic Law: The Example of the CISG’, University of Pittsburgh, Ph.D. Thesis 2015.

Lawry-White, M., ‘International Investment Arbitration and Standards Applicable in Conflict: Parallel or Merging Worlds?’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Manciaux, S., ‘The Full Protection and Security Standard in Investment Law: An Obligation of Result or an Obligation of Conduct?’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Mayorga, O., ‘Arbitrating War: Military Necessity as a Defense to the Breach of Investment Treaty Obligations’, Harvard University Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Policy Brief, Aug. 2013.

Mayorga, O., ‘Arbitration of Disputes Under State Contracts in Times of Belligerent Occupation’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Paparinskis, M., ‘International Investment Law and Disputed Territories: A Generalist Perspective’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Peterson, L.E., ‘Human Rights and Bilateral Investment Treaties. Mapping the Role of Human Rights Law within Investor-State Arbitration’, Rights and Democracy Report (2009).

Peterson, L.E. and K. Gray, ‘International Human Rights in Bilateral Investment Treaties and Investment Treaty Arbitration’, Working Paper for the Swiss Ministry for Foreign Affairs (2003).

Rees-Evans, L., ‘Litigating the Use of Force: Reflections on the Interaction between Investor-State Dispute Settlement and Other Forms of International Dispute Settlement in the Context of the Conflict in Ukraine’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Reznik, P., ‘Survival of BITs and Investor Rights in Crimea – Russia’s Trick or Treat(y) with investors’, Thesis in International Law, Faculty of Law, Stockholm University, 2014.

Restatement (Third), Foreign Relations Law of the United States, Vol. I, St. Paul, American Law Institute Publ., 1987.

Risvas, M. ‘Non-discrimination and the Protection of Investments During and After Armed Conflict’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Ryk-Lakhman, I., ‘“Reasonable” Protection and Security of Foreign Investments in Armed Conflicts’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Samatova, A., Die Auswirkungen der Staatensukzession auf bilaterale Investitionsschutzabkommen (The impact of state succession on bilateral investment agreements), Vienna University, 2017. 

Schrijver, N.J., ‘The Status of Namibia and of Its Natural Resources in International Law. A Report to the United Nations Council for Namibia’, in: UN Doc. A/AC.131/GSY/CRP. 13 July 1984.

Soon Lim, K., ‘Armed Conflicts and Customary Law on Investment Protection “Codification and Fragmentation of protection and security”’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Spears, S. and M. Fogdestam-Agius, ‘Protection of Investments in War-Torn States: A Practitioner Perspective on War Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Titi, C., ‘The Life Cycle of Investment Protections in Times of Armed Conflict: Survival and Revival in Ius in Bello and Ius Post Bellum’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Wuschka, S., ‘The Obligation of Non-Recognition of Situations Created by an Illegal Use of Force before International Investment Tribunals’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

Zrilic, J., ‘Force majeure as a Defence against Conflict-Related Investment Claims’, International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict, 5–6 October 2017, Athens Colloquium.

MISCELLANEOUS

Broad, V.W., ‘In taking Crimea, Putin gains a sea of fuel reserves’, New York Times, 17 May 2014.

Ciaccia, J., ‘Adhésion du Québec à l’ALÉNA: il ne faut pas trop se fier à la Convention de Vienne’, La Presse, 11 February 1995.

‘Crimea applies to be part of Russian Federation after vote to leave Ukraine’, The Guardian, 17 March 2014.

Global Arb. Rev., ‘Ukrainian Bank Claims Against Russia’, 10 January 2016.

Global Arb. Rev., ‘Naftogaz Threatens Treaty Claim Over Crimea’, 22 February 2016.

Grant, T.D, ‘Crimea after Cyprus v. Turkey: Just Satisfaction for Unlawful Annexation?’, EJIL Talk!, 19 May 2014.

Iareporter, ‘After failure of claim under Kazakh statute, Canadian miner hopes that USSR-Canada investment treaty permits arbitration with Kazakhstan’, 18 December 2013.

Iareporter, ‘In final UNCITRAL award, door left open for Greek company to bring another BIT claim against Serbia’, 26 April 2013.

Jones Day, ‘Crisis In Crimea: Is Your Foreign Investment There Protected By a Treaty?’, April 2014.

Ku, J., ‘Ukraine Prepares Even More International Lawsuits That Russia Will Ignore’, Opinio Juris, 27 February 2016.

Landry, B., ‘GATT et ALÉNA: un simple changement de statut pour le Québec après l’indépendance’, La Presse, 2 February 1995.

Lim, D., ‘Case Comment: Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic v. Sanum Investments Ltd [2015] SGHC 15’, Singapore Law Blog.

Mann, H., ‘International Investment Agreements, Business and Human Rights: Key Issues and Opportunities’, IISD, 2008.

Milanovic, M., ‘Ukraine Derogates from the ICCPR and the ECHR, Files Fourth Interstate Application against Russia’ EJIL Talk!, 5 October 2015.

Nuridzhanyan, G., ‘Ukraine vs. Russia in International Courts and Tribunals’, EJIL Talk!, 9 March 2016.

Peters, A., ‘Sense and Nonsense of Territorial Referendums in Ukraine, and Why the 16 March Referendum in Crimea Does Not Justify Crimea’s Alteration of Territorial Status under International Law’, EJIL Talk!, 16 April 2014.

Roh, Jr. C.E., ‘The Implication for U.S. Trade Policy of an Independent Quebec’, Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Wisehart, D., ‘The Crisis in Ukraine and the Prohibition of the Use of Force: A Legal Basis for Russia’s Intervention?’, EJIL Talk!, 4 March 2014.

World Bank, World Investment Report, 2014.