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Making Hong Kong

A History of its Urban Development

Pui-yin Ho

Pui-yin Ho surveys how the social, economic and political environments of different eras have influenced the evolution of urban planning in Hong Kong. Evaluating the relationship between town planning and social change over time, this book explores how a local Hong Kong identity has emerged through its urban development. In doing so it brings a fresh perspective to urban research and provides historical context and direction for the future development of the city.
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Bibliography

Pui-yin Ho

Government documents

Great Britain, Colonial Office, CO129, Hong Kong, 1842–1951.
Great Britain, Colonial Office, CO882, London, Public Record Office, 1991.
Great Britain, Colonial Office, CO1030, London, Public Record Office, 1991.
Great Britain, Commonwealth Office and Foreign and Commonwealth Office, FCO40/157, Richmond, Surrey, Public Record Office, 2001.
Great Britain, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, FCO14/75, London, National Archives, 1967–1968.
Great Britain, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, FCO21/1268, London, National Archives, 1974.
Great Britain, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, FCO40/1011, London, National Archives, 1977.
Great Britain, Foreign Office, FO371/75923, London, National Archives, 1949.
Historical and Statistical Abstract of the Colony of Hong Kong 1841–1930, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1932.
HKMS No. 189, D & S No. 2/286, ‘Policy of Government of Hong Kong on Land in the New Territories’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 46, D & S No. 1/5, ‘Airfield (Kai Tak) Extension and Revision Ordinance, 1948. Airfields’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 58, D & S No. 1/51/21, ‘Kowloon Walled City – Recommends Issue of Titles to Inhabitants of’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office, 9 November 1909–27 March 1933.
HKRS No. 70, D & S No. 8/5042, ‘Walled City – Kowloon Walled City – D+N’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 115, D & S No. 1/54, ‘Town Planning Report’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 149, D & S No. 2/81, ‘Bonds for $300 by Affat as Surety for Assen the Contractor to Cut and Level Site for New Government House’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 156, D & S No. 1/3425, ‘Town Planning – 1. Report of Sir Patrick Abercrombie on – in 1948. 2. Proposals for – in 1952 (General Question)’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 156, D & S No. 1/4377, ‘Cheung Sha Wan Reclamation – Complete Record of a Special Meeting of Executive Council Held on 15 September, 1960’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office, 1960.
HKRS No. 156, D & S No. 1/4816, ‘Kowloon Planning Area No. 13, Ngau Tau Kok and Kun Tong – Proposed Development of’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 163, D & S No. 1/353, ‘Deep Bay Airport – 1. Question of the Construction of a Railway Link and/or a Railway Line to Deep Bay. 2. Proposed Construction of Roads to . . .’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 163, D & S No. 1/1324, ‘Kai Tak Airport – Proposed Development of . . . by Reclamation of Kowloon Bay’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 163, D & S No. 1/1581, ‘Committees – Kai Tak Airport – Financial and Commercial Implications of the Scheme for a New Airport. Appreciation of . . . by an Informal Committee’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 163, D & S No. 1/1897, ‘07-25 Runway at Kai Tak Airport – Question of Possible Retention of . . . in the Hong Kong Airport Development Plan’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 163, D & S No. 1/2536, ‘Kowloon Walled City – Implementation of Report of Ad Hoc Committee’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 163, D & S No. 1/3016, ‘Electricity Supply Kowloon Walled City’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 211, D & S No. 2/6, ‘Long Term Policy Prospects in Hong Kong’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 270, D & S No. 1/1, ‘Land for Industry – Kwun Tong Ind. Area – Proposed Development, Stage III’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 270, D & S No. 1/3/1, ‘Kwun Tong Industrial Area – Policy Re-housing, Schools and Welfare and Utilities’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 277, D & S No. 1/4, ‘Kwun Tong Advisory Committee – Minutes of’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 337, D & S No. 4/2458, ‘Mong Kok Outline Development Plan’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 597, D & S No. 1/42–1/47, ‘Attorney General v. Melhado Investment Ltd.’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office, 1983.
HKRS No. 835, D & S No. 1/104, ‘Weekly Lands Meeting – Agenda’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
HKRS No. 896, D & S No. 1/75, ‘Town Planning – Kowloon Planning Area No. 9 (Hung Hom District)’, Hong Kong, Public Records Office.
Hong Kong Administrative Reports, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1879–1930.
Hong Kong Administration Reports, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1931–1939.
Hong Kong Blue Book, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1844–1940.
Hong Kong Government Gazette, Hong Kong Government, 1842–2013.
Hong Kong Hansard, Hong Kong Government, 1890–2002.
Hong Kong Law Reports 1983, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1983.
Hong Kong Sessional Papers, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1884–1940.

Government publications

Abercrombie, Patrick, Hong Kong Preliminary Planning Report, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1948.
Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Herbarium, Hong Kong, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, 2006.
The Airport Core Programme, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1999.
Annual Departmental Report by the Director of Commerce and Industry, Hong Kong, Government Press, 1948–1972.
Annual Review of Civil Aviation in Hong Kong by the Director of Civil Aviation for the Financial Year, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1982–1995.
Architectural Services Department and LWK Conservation, Heritage Impact Assessment for the Former Central Government Offices Relocation of the Department of Justice to the Former Central Government Offices (Main and East Wings) (Final Report), 7 June 2012.
Barnett, K.M.A., Hong Kong Report on the 1961 Census, Hong Kong, Census and Statistics Department, 1962.
Bell, G.J. and Chin, P.C., The Probable Maximum Rainfall in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Government Press, 1968.
Carrington, John W., The Ordinances of Hongkong, Prepared under the Authority of the Statute Laws (Revised Edition) Ordinance, 1900, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1900.
Census and Statistics Department, 2006 Population By-census Thematic Report: Persons from the Mainland Having Resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 Years, Hong Kong, Census and Statistics Department, 2007.
Census and Statistics Department, 2011 Population Census Thematic Report: Persons from the Mainland Having Resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 Years, Hong Kong, Census and Statistics Department, 2012.
Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Census Reports, 1841–1897.
A Collection of Memories, Hong Kong, Leisure and Cultural Services Department, 2002.
The Countryside and the People: Report of the Provisional Council for the Use and Conservation of the Countryside, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1968.
Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith and Associates, Hong Kong Mass Transport Study (Plans and Cross Sections), Hong Kong, Hong Kong Government, 1967.
Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith and Associates, Hong Kong Long Term Road Study (Plans and Cross Sections), Hong Kong, Hong Kong Government, 1968.
Haraga, Subaru, Honkon suidō chōsa hōkokusho (Investigation Report on Hong Kong Waterworks), Taiwan, Taiwan Sōtokufu Gaijibu, 1942.
Highways Department, Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor and Deep Bay Link brochure, second edition, Hong Kong, Government Logistics Department, December 2004.
Home Affairs Department and Immigration Department, Statistics on New Arrivals from the Mainland (Fourth Quarter of 2013), Hong Kong, Home Affairs Department and Immigration Department, 2014.
Hong Kong, Hong Kong Government Telephone Directory, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1970.
Hong Kong Advisory Committee on Diversification, Report of the Advisory Committee on Diversification, 1979, Hong Kong, Advisory Committee on Diversification, 1980.
Hong Kong Air Raid Wardens, Report on Census of the Colony of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 13–15 March 1941.
Hong Kong Air Transport System: Long Term Planning Investigation: Alternative Systems Study, Hong Kong, Civil Aviation Department, 1975.
Hong Kong Annual Departmental Report by the Director of Agriculture and Fisheries for the Financial Year 1976–77, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1977.
Hong Kong Annual Departmental Report by the Director of Civil Aviation, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1948–1976.
Hong Kong Annual Departmental Report by the Director of Public Works, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1946–1977.
Hong Kong Annual Departmental Report by the Social Welfare Officer for the Financial Year 1948– 54, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1954.
Hong Kong Annual Report, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1946–1997.
Hong Kong City Hall, Hong Kong, Urban Council and Urban Services Department, 1980.
Hong Kong City Hall, 1962–1982, Hong Kong, Urban Council Public Information Unit, 1983.
Hong Kong Country Parks, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1981.
Hong Kong Development Bureau, Urban Renewal Strategy, Hong Kong, Development Bureau, 2011.
Hong Kong Geographic Data, Survey and Mapping Office, Lands Department, February 2015.
Hong Kong Government, Mass Transit Further Studies Final Report: Abstract, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1971.
Hong Kong Government Information Services, Hong Kong 1992: A Review of 1991, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1992.
Hong Kong Government Information Services, Hong Kong 1995: A Review of 1994, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1995.
Hong Kong Government Planning, Environment and Lands Branch, Territorial Development Strategy: A Response to Change and Challenges: A Digest of Key Points, Hong Kong, Planning, Environment and Lands Branch, 1998.
Hong Kong Government Planning, Environment and Lands Branch, Territorial Development Strategy Review 1996: A Consultative Digest, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1996.
Hong Kong Guide, Hong Kong, Lands Department, 2015.
Hong Kong Housing Authority, Hong Kong Housing Authority Annual Report 1976–77, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Housing Authority, 1977.
Hong Kong Lands and Works Branch, Metroplan: Initial Options, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1988.
Hong Kong Lands and Works Branch, Metroplan: The Aims, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1988.
Hong Kong Lands and Works Branch, Metroplan: The Selected Strategy: An Overview, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1991.
Hong Kong Lands and Works Branch, Planning for Growth, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1985.
Hong Kong Legislative Council, Reports of the Meetings of the Legislative Council of Hongkong, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1946–1997.
Hong Kong Legislative Council, Reports of the Meetings of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Legislative Council, 1998–2016.
Hong Kong Legislative Council Economic Services Branch, Legislative Council Brief: Hong Kong’s Future Airport Needs Report on the Kai Tak Consultancy, File Ref. ESB CR 15/951/86(88) VII, Hong Kong, Legislative Council, 1989.
Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway Provision Authority, Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway: Preliminary Information for Prospective Tenders, Hong Kong, Freeman Fox and Partners (Far East), 1975.
Hong Kong Observatory, Tropical Cyclones in 2014, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Observatory, 2015.
Hong Kong Planning and Lands Bureau, Urban Renewal Strategy, Hong Kong, Planning and Lands Bureau, 2001.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Hong Kong 2030: Planning Vision and Strategy: Final Report, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 2007.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 1989.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 2011.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Planning Department Annual Report, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 1995–2015.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Planning Hong Kong 50th Anniversary, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 1998.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Territorial Development Strategy Review: Development Options, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 1993.
Hong Kong Planning Department, Territorial Development Strategy Review: Foundation Report, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 1993.
Hong Kong Town Planning Board, Town Planning Board Annual Report, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1990–2005.
Hong Kong Town Planning Board, Town Planning Board Biennial Report, Hong Kong, Government Logistics Department, 2006–2014.
Hong Kong Yearbook, Hong Kong, Information Services Department, 1997–2014.
Hong Kong’s Water, Hong Kong, Water Supplies Department, 1996.
Hui, Desmond, Selected Historic Buildings and Sites in Central District, Hong Kong, Antiquities and Monuments Office of the Leisure and Cultural Services Department, 2004.
Kowloon Development Division, Public Works Department, Report on Development at Castle Peak, Hong Kong Government, November 1964.
Kowloon Development Division, Public Works Department, Report on Development at Sha Tin, Hong Kong Government, January 1965.
Lai, Patrick C.C. and Yip, Joseph K.L., Hong Kong Herbarium: 130th Anniversary, 1878–2008, Hong Kong, Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, 2008.
Land Development Corporation, The LDC Experience: 12 Years’ Efforts of Urban Renewal, 1988– 2000, Hong Kong, Land Development Corporation, 2000.
Land Utilization in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1966.
Legislative Council of the HKSAR, Report of the Selected Committee to Inquire into the Circumstances Leading to the Problems Surrounding the Commencement of the Operation of the New Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok since 6 July 1998 and Related Issues, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1999.
Legislative Council Panel on Planning, Lands and Works, Planning for Open Storage and Port Back-up Uses in the Rural New Territories, April 2007.
Media Relations Division, New Airport Projects Co-ordination Office, ACP Projects in West Kowloon, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1993.
Meteorological Results Annual Report, Hong Kong Royal Observatory, 1951–1990.
Ordinances of Hong Kong for the Year, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1955–2004.
Owen, David J., Future Control and Development of the Port of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1941.
Peacock, J.E., ed., Hong Kong Meteorological Records and Climatological Notes 60 Years, Hong Kong Royal Observatory, 1951.
Peterson, P., The Rainfall of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Government Press, 1957.
Planning Department, Consultative Document: Interim Amendments to the Town Planning Ordinance, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1990.
Planning Department, Northbound Southbound: Cross-boundary Travel Survey 2013/14, Hong Kong, Planning Department, 2014.
Planning Department and Civil Engineering and Development Department, North East New Territories New Development Areas Planning and Engineering Study: Information Digest, Hong Kong, Planning Department and Civil Engineering and Development Department, 2013.
Planning, Environment and Lands Branch, Government Secretariat, Heading towards Sustainability: The Third Review of Progress on the 1989 White Paper: Pollution in Hong Kong – A Time to Act, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1996.
Planning Report: Planning Area No. 3, Hong Kong, Planning Branch of Crown Lands and Survey Office, Public Works Department, 1973.
A Platform for the Arts, Hong Kong, Urban Council, 1992.
Pryor, E.G., Hong Kong’s Port and Airport Development Strategy: A Foundation for Growth, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1991.
Regulations of Hong Kong for the Year 1962, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1962.
Report of the Inter-departmental Working Party on the Proposed Cross-Harbour Tunnel, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1956.
Report of the Working Group on New Territories Urban Land Acquisitions, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1978.
Selwyn-Clarke, P.S., Report on Medical and Health Conditions in Hong Kong, for the Period 1st January, 1942 – 31st August, 1945, London, HMSO, 1946.
Sha Tin District Board, ed., Shatian gongshang zhinan 92 《沙田工商指南92》 (Sha Tin Industry and Commerce Directory 92), Hong Kong, Industry and Commerce Group of Sha Tin District Board, 1992.
Sha Tin District Board, Shatian quyihui jiebao 1985–88 nian 《沙田區議會屆報1985–88年》 (Sha Tin District Board Annual Report 1985–88), Hong Kong, Sha Tin District Board, 1988.
Shankland Cox Asia, Jiulong ji xinjiulong jianzhi midu he gaodu xianzhi jiantao zhaiyao 《九龍 及新九龍建築密度和高度限制檢討摘要》 (Summary Review of Building Density and Height Restrictions in Kowloon and New Kowloon), Hong Kong, Planning Department, 1992.
The Shape of Things to Come: An Overview of the Role of Harbour Reclamations in the Future Development of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Planning, Environment and Lands Branch, 1995.
Subcommittee on West Kowloon Cultural District Development, Recommendation Report of Consultative Committee on the Core Arts and Cultural Facilities of the West Kowloon Cultural District, June 2007.
Summary of Meteorological Observations in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Royal Observatory, 1993–1999.
Sustainable Development in Hong Kong for the 21st Century: Information Digest, Hong Kong, Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, 1998.
Talbot, Lee M. and Talbot, Martha H., Conservation of the Hong Kong Countryside: Summary Report and Recommendation, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1965.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 1: An Introductory Statement, April 1982, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1982.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 2: Broad Methodology and Policy Assumptions, April 1982, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1982.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 3: Demographic Inputs, July 1982, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1982.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 4: A Review of Current Development Programmes, August 1982, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1982.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 4: A Review of Current Development Programmes, Final, May 1983, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1983.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 4: A Review of Current Development Programmes, Part 6: Transport, January 1983, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1983.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 4: A Review of Current Development Programmes, Part 7: Analysis of Potential Future Expenditures on Capital Works, February 1983, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1983.
Territorial Development Strategy, Volume 5: Derivation and Evaluation of Alternative Strategies, May 1983, Hong Kong, Strategic Planning Unit, 1983.
Tin Shui Wai/Yuen Long Development Programme, 1999/2000 edition, Hong Kong, North West New Territories Development Office, Territory Development Office, 2000.
Tsuen Wan District Board, Quanwan erbainian: lishi wenhua jinxi 《荃灣二百年:歷史文化 今昔》 (Two Hundred Years of Tsuen Wan: History and Culture, Past and Present), Hong Kong, Tsuen Wan District Board, 1991.
Urban Renewal Authority, Towards Urban Renewal v3.0, Hong Kong, Urban Renewal Authority, 2008.
Urban Renewal Authority, Urban Renewal Authority, Hong Kong, Urban Renewal Authority, 2012.
Water Supplies Department, Key Facts, August 2015, Hong Kong, Water Supplies Department, 2015.
Wilm, Staff Surgeon, Epidemic of Bubonic Plague at Hong Kong in the Year 1896, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1897.
Working Party on Squatters, Resettlement and Government Low-cost Housing, Review of Policies for Squatter Control, Resettlement and Government Low-cost Housing, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1964.

Newspapers

China Mail, Friend of China, Friend of China and Hong Kong Gazette, Hong Kong Standard, Hong Kong Sunday Herald, Hongkong News, Hongkong Telegraph, South China Morning Post.
Apple Daily 《蘋果日報》, Hong Kong Commercial Daily 《香港商報》, Hong Kong Daily 《香港日報》, Hong Kong Daily News 《新報》, Hong Kong Economic Times 《香港經濟 日報》, Huazi ribao 《華字日報》, Kung Ping Po 《公平報》 (Fair Daily), Kung Sheung Daily News 《香港工商日報》, Ming Pao 《明報》, Oriental Daily News 《東方日報》, Renmin ribao 《人民日報》, Sing Tao Daily 《星島日報》, Southern Weekly 《南方週 末》, The Sun 《太陽報》, Ta Kung Pao 《大公報》, Wah Kiu Yat Po 《華僑日報》, Wen Wei Po 《文匯報》.

English books and articles

Abercrombie, Patrick, The Greater London Plan 1944, London, HMSO, 1945.
Ashworth, William, The Genesis of Modern British Town Planning, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1954.
Bristow, Roger, Hong Kong’s New Towns, Hong Kong, Oxford University Press, 1989.
Bristow, Roger, Land Use Planning in Hong Kong: History, Policies and Procedures, Hong Kong, Oxford University Press, 1984.
Chiu, T.N., The Port of Hong Kong: A Survey of Its Development, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 1973.
The Convention between Great Britain and China Respecting an Extension of Hong Kong Territory, London, Harrison and Sons, 1898.
Cross Harbour Tunnel between Hong Kong and Kowloon: Consultants’ Report, London, Mott, Hay & Anderson, Consulting Civil Engineers, 1955.
Dyos, H.J., Victorian Suburb, Leicester, Leicester University Press, 1961.
Eather, Charles, Airport of the Nine Dragons: Kai Tak, Kowloon, Surfers Paradise, QLD, Chingchic Publishers, 1996.
Endacott, G.B., Fragrant Harbour: A Short History of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Oxford University Press, 1962.
Endacott, G.B., History of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Oxford University Press, 1964.
Gomme, George Laurence, London in the Reign of Victoria, Chicago, 1898.
Ho, Pui-yin, The Administrative History of the Hong Kong Government Agencies 1841–2002, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2004.
Ho, Pui-yin, Challenges for an Evolving City: 160 Years of Port and Land Development in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Commercial Press (HK), 2004.
Ho, Pui-yin, Water for a Barren Rock: 150 Years of Water Supply in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Commercial Press, 2001.
Ho, Pui-yin, Weathering the Storm: Hong Kong Observatory and Social Development, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2003.
Horsnell, R.G., ‘The MacIntosh Cathedrals’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Volume 35, 1995.
Howard, Ebenezer, Garden Cities of Tomorrow, London, Faber and Faber, 1902, 1964 reprint.
Howard, Ebenezer, Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform, London, Swan Sonnenschein, 1899.
Jackson, Leonard, The Hong Kong Waterworks, Hong Kong, Local Printing Press, 1949.
Lai, Lawrence Wai-chung, Town Planning in Hong Kong: A Critical Review, Hong Kong, City University of Hong Kong Press, 1997.
Lai, Lawrence Wai-chung, Town Planning in Hong Kong: A Review of Planning Appeal Decisions, 1997–2001, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2003.
Lai, Lawrence Wai-chung, with Ki Fong, Town Planning Practice: Context, Procedures and Statistics for Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2000.
Leach, A.J., The Ordinances of the Legislative Council of the Colony of Hongkong, Commencing with the Year 1844, Hong Kong, Noronha & Co., 1890–1891.
Liang, C.S., Hong Kong: A Physical, Economic and Human Geography, Hong Kong, Cheong Ming Press, 1965.
Ling, Kar Kan, ‘Hong Kong 2030 Plus: A Smart Growth Strategy for Our Home’, in The Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors Annual Conference 2014.
Ling, Kar Kan, Hong Kong New Towns – v3.1, Innovative Live–Work Spaces for the New Generation, 2013.
Lo, C.P., ‘Changing Population Distribution in the Hong Kong New Territories’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Volume 58, No. 2, June 1968.
Mumford, Lewis, City Development, London, Secker & Warburg, 1947.
Nissim, Roger, Land Administration and Practice in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2012.
Nyaw, Mee-kau and Li, Si-ming, eds, The Other Hong Kong Report, Hong Kong, Chinese University Press, 1996.
Philips, Robert J., Kowloon–Canton Railway (British Section), Hong Kong, Urban Council, 1990.
Platt, Jerome J., The Whitewash Brigade: The Hong Kong Plague of 1894, London, Dix Noonan Webb, 1998.
Poon, Alice, Land and the Ruling Class in Hong Kong, translated by Yan Shi-min, Hong Kong, Enrich Professional Publishing; Hong Kong Economic Journal Co., 2010.
Rasmussen, Steen Eiler, London: The Unique City, London, Cape, 1948.
Review of the Town Planning Ordinance of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Institute of Planners, 1990.
Rosen, George, A History of Public Health, New York, MD Publications, 1958.
Sayer, Geoffrey Robley, Hong Kong, 1841–1862: Birth, Adolescence, and Coming of Age, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 1980.
Sayer, Geoffrey Robley, Hong Kong, 1862–1919: Years of Discretion, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 1975.
Smart, G.D., ‘The Progress of Building in Hong Kong’, in José Maria Braga, Hong Kong Business Symposium, Hong Kong, South China Morning Post, 1957.
Summerson, John, Georgian London, Baltimore, Penguin Books, 1962.
Talbot, D. Henry, ‘An Outline of the Urban Development of Hong Kong Island during the Nineteenth Century’, in D.J. Dwyer, ed., The Changing Face of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Ye Olde Printerie, 1971.
Taylor, E.S., Hong Kong as a Factor in British Relations with China, 1834–1860, London, 1967.
Tregear, T.R. and Berry, L., The Development of Hong Kong and Kowloon as Told in Maps, Hong Kong, South China Morning Post, 1959.
Ward, Robert S., Hong Kong under Japanese Occupation: A Case Study in the Enemy’s Techniques of Control, Washington, DC, 1943.
Weale, John, London Exhibited in 1851, London, 1851.

Chinese books and articles

Akers-Jones, David, Shidiantou: Zhong Yijie huiyilu 《石點頭:鍾逸傑回憶錄》 (Feeling the Stones: Reminiscences of David Akers-Jones), translated by Tao Jie, Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2004.
Chen, Jingxiang, ed., Xianggang jinrong fengyun 40 zai 《香港金融風雲40載》 (40 Years of Hong Kong Finance), Hong Kong, Hong Kong Economic Journal Co.; Enrich Publishing, 2013.
Chen, Xin and Guo, Zhikun, eds, Xianggang quan jilu 《香港全紀錄》 (Illustrated Chronicle of Hong Kong), Hong Kong, Chunghwa Books (HK), 1997.
Chiu, Yu-lok and Chung, Po Yin, eds, Jiulongcheng 《九龍城》 (Kowloon City), Hong Kong, Joint Publishing (HK) Co., 2001.
Dixiatielu shouri tongche jinian tekan 《地下鐵路首日通車紀念特刊》 (Official Souvenir Book to Commemorate the First Day of Running MTRC Trains), Hong Kong, Mass Transit Railway Corporation, 1979.
Donghua sanyuan gengzi nian dongshi ju, ed., 《香港東華三院發展史:創院90週年紀念》 (A Development History of Tung Wah Group of Hospitals, 1870–1960), Hong Kong, Tung Wah Group of Hospitals, 1960.
Fudan daxue lishixi (Fudan University Department of History), ed. and trans., Riben diguo zhuyi duiwai qinlüe shiliao xuanbian, 1931–1945 《日本帝國主義對外侵略史料選編1931–1945》 (A Collection of Historical Materials on Japanese Imperialism’s Aggression, 1931–1945), Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1975.
Green Sense, Wei Gang: cong pinfenglou kan Xianggang de chengshi guihua 《圍港:從屏風樓看 香港的城市規劃》 (From the Wall-effect Buildings Issue to Hong Kong Town Planning), Hong Kong, Warrior Books, 2009.
Guangzhou shi difang zhi bianzuan weiyuan hui bangong shi and Guangzhou haiguan zhi bianzuan weiyuan hui, ed., Jindai Guangzhou kouan jingji shehui gaikuang: Yue haiguan baogao huiji (1860–1949) 《近代廣州口岸經濟社會概況 – 粵海關報告匯集 (1860–1949)》 (An Economic and Social Overview of Modern Guangzhou Port – A Collection of Reports of Guangdong Customs), Guangzhou, Jinan daxue chubanshe, 1995.
Guangzhou shi difang zhi bianzuan weiyuan hui, Guangzhou shi zhi 《廣州市志》 (Gazette of Guangzhou), Volume 18, Guangzhou, Guangzhou chubanshe, 1996.
Guantang jinmao 《觀塘近貌》 (Kwun Tong Today), Hong Kong, Kwun Tong District Kai Fong Welfare Association, 1969.
Hayes, James, Canghai sangtian hua Quanwan 《滄海桑田話荃灣》 (Tsuen Wan: Growth of a New Town and Its People), translated by Jiaxi yuwen fanyi zhongxin, Hong Kong, Canghai sangtian hua Quanwan chuban weiyuanhui, 1999.
Ho, Pui-yin, Xianggang gongshui yibai wushi nian lishi yanjiu baogao (A Study of Historical Development of Water Supply in Hong Kong), Hong Kong, Water Supplies Department, 2001.
Honkon senryōchi sōtobu hōdōbu, ed., Zaihon Nihonjin no sankō 《在香日本人の參考》 (Reference to the Japanese in Hong Kong), Hong Kong, Horiuchi Shoten, 1943.
Honkon senryōchi sōtobu, Zongdubu gongbao 《總督部公報》 (Gazette of the Governor’s Office of the Captured Territory of Hong Kong), Hong Kong, Honkon senryōchi sōtobu, 1942–1945.
Huang, Lianghui and Xue, Fengxuan, eds, Xianggang xin jichang de tiaozhan yu zhengyi 《香港 新機場的挑戰與爭議》 (Challenges and Disputes on Hong Kong’s New Airport), Hong Kong, Jing Gang xueshu jiaoliu zhongxin, 1990.
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Maps

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Hong Kong Town Planning Board, Yau Ma Tei Outline Development Plan, Hong Kong, Government Printer, 1957.

Interviewees

Mr Wilson CHAN Wai-shun (陳偉信先生), Mr FUNG Chee-keung (馮志強先生), Mr Jimmy LEUNG Cheuk-fai (梁焯輝先生), Ms Phyllis LI Chi-miu (李志苗女士), Mr LING Kar-kan (凌嘉勤先生), Mrs Ava NG Tse Suk-ying (伍謝淑瑩女士), Dr Peter PUN Kwok-shing (潘 國城博士), Ms Ophelia WONG Yuen-sheung (黃婉霜女士).

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Wikipedia website, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page. ‘Xibu tongdao kouan tianhai qu za jia buchang cheng shengang zhengyi xin jiaodian’ 《西部 通道口岸填海區造價補償成深港爭議新焦點》 (Compensation for Cost Overruns in the Construction of the Western Corridor Boundary Crossing Reclamation Area Becoming a New Focus of Disputes between Shenzhen and Hong Kong), www.singtaonet.com 《星島環 球網》, 27 August 2006, www.singtaonet.com:82/china/20060827_309723.html.
Yahoo Hong Kong News website, hk.news.yahoo.com/.

Land registration records

Land Registry Order/Copy Separator, Doc. No. SD3L, Block Crown Lease, 1905.