Playing Fair in Modern Democracies
Chapter 10: The normative motivation: the role of politics
This chapter discusses the role of politics in resolving normative differences in socially diverse democracies. It distinguishes between three different roles: providing ‘finality’ or ‘authoritative resolution’; accommodation or compromise; and, the ‘transvaluational’. The transvaluational is defined as an organizational concept referring to the advantages of politics offered by the span of association, the means of establishing policy priorities and the opportunities for feedback. It discusses each role and provides reasons why the transvaluational role is preferred because it puts the spotlight on politics as a way to achieve social adaptation. The chapter concludes by bringing together the challenges identified in the discussion to date. It is the response to these challenges that is discussed in the remaining chapters.
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