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A Practical Guide to Using International Human Rights and Criminal Law Procedures

Connie de la Vega and Alen Mirza

This book is a practical, experience-based guide for advocates seeking remedies for human rights violations through the use of international institutions. Since 1948, when the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, mechanisms for addressing human rights violations have multiplied to include UN Charter based bodies, treaty-based organizations including the international criminal court, and regional institutions. Each mechanism has its own admissibility requirements: accreditation, timeliness of claims, and exhaustion of remedies. For practitioners, the maze of rules and institutions can be difficult to navigate. This book offers step-by-step approaches for maximizing the institutions’ intended effect–promotion of human rights at all levels.
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Abbreviations

Connie de la Vega and Alen Mirza

ACHRAmerican Convention on Human Rights
ACommHRAfrican Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
ASEANAssociation of South East Asian Nations
ASPAssembly of State Parties (ICC)
AUAfrican Union
CATConvention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Committee
CEDCommittee on Enforced Disappearances
CEDAWConvention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and its Committee
CERDCommittee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
CESCRCommittee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
CICCCoalition for the International Criminal Court
CJEUCourt of Justice of the European Union
CMWCommittee on Migrant Workers
COICommission of Inquiry
CPEDInternational Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
CRCConvention on the Rights of the Child and its Committee
CRPDConvention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Committee
CSWCommission on the Status of Women
DAWDivision for the Advancement of Women
ECOSOCEconomic and Social Council
ECtHREuropean Court of Human Rights
EMRIPExpert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
EUEuropean Union
FFMFact-Finding Mission
GAGeneral Assembly
HRCHuman Rights Committee
IACHRInter-American Commission on Human Rights
IACtHRInter-American Court of Human Rights
ICCInternational Criminal Court
ICCPRInternational Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ICERDInternational Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
ICESCRInternational Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
ICMWInternational Convention for the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and their Families
IGOInter-Governmental Organization
ILOInternational Labour Organization
LOIList of Issues
LOIPRList of Issues Prior to Responding
NGONon-Governmental Organization
NHRIsNational Human Rights Institutions
OASOrganization of American States
OAUOrganization of African Unity
OHCHROffice of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
OICOrganization of Islamic Conference
OPCVOffice of Public Counsel for Victims
OSAGIOffice of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women
OTPOffice of the Prosecutor
PFIIUN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
SPFIISecretariat of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
SPTSubcommittee on the Prevention of Torture
SSRIPSpecial Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
UDHRUniversal Declaration of Human Rights
UNUnited Nations
UNDRIPUN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
UNESCOUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
UNIFEMUN Fund for Women
UPRUniversal Periodic Review
VNSVictims Witness Section or Victims and Witness Unit
VPRSVictim Participation and Reparations Section
WHOWorld Health Organization