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Human Rights, Export Credits and Development Cooperation

Accountability for Bilateral Agencies

Barbara Linder

This book analyses to what extent the current human rights system allows affected individuals to claim accountability for human rights violations resulting from bilateral development and export credit agency supported undertakings. The author explores three legal pathways: host state responsibility, home state responsibility and corporate responsibility. The book concludes with recommendations on how to strengthen human rights accountability and improve access to justice for adversely affected individuals. It will be of great interest to those researching the intersection between human rights, development cooperation, and investment.
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Barbara Linder

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EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

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Holy Monasteries v. Greece, [1994], European Court of Human Rights.

Loizidou v. Turkey, (Preliminary Objection) [1995], European Court of Human Rights.

Akkus v. Turkey [1997] Reports 1997-IV, European Court of Human Rights.

RENFE v. Spain, [1997] D.R. no. 90-B, p. 179, European Court of Human Rights.

Osman v. United Kingdom [1998] Reports 1998-VIII, European Court of Human Rights.

Banković and others v. Belgium and Others [2001] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2001-XII, European Court of Human Rights.

Hatton and others v. United Kingdom [2003], European Court of Human Rights.

Radio France and others v. France, [2003] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2003-X, European Court of Human Rights.

Kayihan and others v. Turkey [2004], European Court of Human Rights.

Ikascu and others v. Moldova and Russia [2004], European Court of Human Rights.

Ilascu and Others v. Moldova and Russia [2004], Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2004-VII, European Court of Human Rights.

Romashov v. Ukraine [2004], European Court of Human Rights.

Taskin and others v. Turkey [2004] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2004-X, European Court of Human Rights.

Issa and others v. Turkey [2004], European Court of Human Rights.

Mykhaylenky and others v. Ukraine [2004], European Court of Human Rights.

Öneryildiz v. Turkey [2004] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2004-XII, European Court of Human Rights.

Steel and Morris v. United Kingdom [2005] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2005-II, European Court of Human Rights.

Novoseletskiy v. Ukraine [2005] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2005-II (extracts), European Court of Human Rights.

Öcalan v. Turkey [2005], European Court of Human Rights.

Fadeyeva v. Russia, [2005] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2005-IV, European Court of Human Rights.

Ryzhenkov and Zaytsev v. Ukraine [2005], European Court of Human Rights.

Kucherenko v. Ukraine [2005], European Court of Human Rights.

Ledyayeva, Dobrokhotova, Zolotareva and Romashina v. Russia [2006], European Court of Human Rights.

Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines v. Turkey, [2007; 2008] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2007-V, European Court of Human Rights.

Regent Company v. Ukraine [2008], European Court of Human Rights.

M Kaplan v. Turkey [2008], European Court of Human Rights.

M Ali Durmaz v. Turkey [2009], European Court of Human Rights.

State Holding Company Luganskvugillya v. Ukraine [2009], European Court of Human Rights.

Kurt and Firat v. Turkey [2009], European Court of Human Rights.

Al-Saadoon and Mufdhi v. United Kingdom [2009], European Court of Human Rights.

Al-Saadoon and Mufdhi v. United Kingdom [2010] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2010, European Court of Human Rights.

Medvedyev and others v. France [2010] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2010, European Court of Human Rights.

Al-Skeini and others v. United Kingdom [2011] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2011, European Court of Human Rights.

Al-Skeini and others v. United Kingdom; Concurring Opinion of Judge Bonello [2011] Reports of Judgments and Decisions 2011, European Court of Human Rights.

Ivantoc and others v. Moldova and Russia [2011], European Court of Human Rights.

Catan and others v. the Republic of Moldova and Russia [2012], European Court of Human Rights.

Vilnes and others v. Norway [2013], European Court of Human Rights.

 

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Gaventa, John, Goetz, Anne Marie, et al., Bringing Citizen Voice and Client Focus into Service Delivery http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTPCENG/1143372-1116506145151/20511053/wp.pdf, accessed 18 Nov 2016.

Gibe III Hydroelectric Project, ‘Gibe III Hydroelectric Project’, 2012 http://www.gibe3.com.et/, accessed 2 Dec 2017.

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Golub, Stephen, ‘The Legal Empowerment Alternative’, in Thomas Carothers (ed.), Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad. In Search of Knowledge (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006), 161–187.

Government of Sweden, ‘Departments and their functions’ https://www.government.se/, accessed 3 Mar 2018.

Grabenwarter, Christoph, European Convention on Human Rights: Commentary (München: C.H. Beck, Hart, Nomos, Helbing Lichtenhahn, 2014).

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Human Rights Watch, Suppressing Dissent: Human Rights Abuses and Political Repression in Ethiopia's Oromia Region http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/ethiopia0505.pdf, accessed 13 Dec 2017.

Human Rights Watch, The Government Response to Turkey’s Coup is an Affront to Democracy (3 Aug 2016), https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/08/03/government-response-turkeys-coup-affront-democracy, accessed 15 Jan 2017.

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INTER-AMERICAN COURT ON HUMAN RIGHTS

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Mayagna (Sumo) Awas Tingni Community v. Nicaragua [2001], Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Claude-Reyes et al. v. Chile [2006], Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Saramaka People v. Suriname [2007], Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Kichwa Indigenous Peoples of Sarayaku v. Ecuador [2012], Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Corporate Complicity & Legal Accountability: Facing the Facts and Charting a Legal Path, Vol 1 http://icj2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Vol.1-Corporate-legal-accountability-thematic-report-2008.pdf, accessed 1 Jul 2016.

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), Corporate Complicity and Legal Accountability: Civil Remedies, Vol 3 http://icj2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Vol.3-Corporate-legal-accountability-thematic-report-2008.pdf accessed 6 Jan 2017.

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), ‘Financial institutions and the rights of the child’, 2014 http://icj2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/FINANCE-CHILDelecversion.pdf, accessed 1 Jul 2018.

INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (ICJ)

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Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Advisory Opinion http://www.icj-cij.org/en/case/131 accessed 29 Jul 2018.

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro) [2007] Reports of Judgements, Advisory Opinions and Orders, http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/index.php?p1=3&p2=3&case=91&p3=4 accessed 6 Jan 2017.

 

International Crisis Group, Ethiopia After Meles, Africa Briefing no°89 https://www.crisisgroup.org/africa/horn-africa/ethiopia/ethiopia-after-meles, accessed 5 Jul 2018.

International Development Association, ‘Interim Country Assistance Strategy for the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia’, Report No. 35142-ET, 2006 http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2006/05/16/000090341_20060516102529/Rendered/PDF/35142.pdf, updated 2 May 2006, accessed 14 Dec 2017.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), ‘IFC's Sustainability Framework 2012’ https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/sustainability-at-ifc/policies-standards/ifcsustainabilityframework_2012 accessed 5 Aug 2018 .

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International Finance Corporation (IFC), Human Rights, http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/6b499080498009a2a78cf7336b93d75f/Phase3_QCR-HumanRights.pdf?MOD=AJPERES, accessed 8 Dec 2016.

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International Finance Corporation (IFC), Factsheet: IFC’s Updated Sustainability Framework https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/6c6cd30049800a1fa93bfb336b93d75f/Updated_SustainabilityFramework_Fact-sheet.pdf?MOD=AJPERES accessed 23 Jul 2018.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), IFC Exclusion List https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/sustainability-at-ifc/company-resources/ifcexclusionlist, accessed 16 Jan 2018.

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International Finance Corporation (IFC), Guidance Note 1, (2012), https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/b29a4600498009cfa7fcf7336b93d75f/GN1_English_2012.pdf?MOD=AJPERES accessed 23 Jul 2018.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), Performance Standard 1 Assessment and Management of Environmental and Social Risks and Impacts https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/sustainability-at-ifc/policies-standards/performance-standards/ps1, accessed 23 Jul 2018.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), Performance Standard 2 Labor and Working Conditions https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/2408320049a78e5db7f4f7a8c6a8312a/PS2_English_2012.pdf?MOD=AJPERES accessed 23 Jul 2018.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), Performance Standard 4 Community Health, Safety, and Security https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/sustainability-at-ifc/policies-standards/performance-standards/ps4> accessed 23 Jul 2018.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), Performance Standard 5 Land Acquisition and Involuntary Resettlement https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/sustainability-at-ifc/policies-standards/performance-standards/ps5 accessed 23 Jul 2018.

International Finance Corporation (IFC), Performance Standard 6 Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Management of Living Natural Resources https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/topics_ext_content/ifc_external_corporate_site/sustainability-at-ifc/policies-standards/performance-standards/ps6 accessed 23 Jul 2018.

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Kurt, Cigdem, The Impact of the Southeast Anatolia Project (GAP) on displaced families: Household livelihoods and gender relations https://theses.ncl.ac.uk/dspace/bitstream/10443/2223/1/Kurt,%20C.%2013.pdf, accessed 9 Jul 2018.

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Langford, Malcom, Coomans, Fons, and Gomez Isa, Felipe, ‘Extraterritorial Duties in International Law’, in Malcom Langford, Wouter Vandenhole, Martin Scheinin et al. (eds.), Global Justice, States Duties. The Extraterritorrial Scope of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in International Law (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013), 51–114.

Leigh Day, ‘Legal action begins against DFID over alleged Ethiopian rights abuses. Leigh Day issues proceedings in High Court on human rights abuse allegations in Ethiopia’, 2014 http://www.leighday.co.uk/News/2014/March-2014/Legal-action-begins-against-DFID-over-alleged-Ethi, accessed 13 Jul 2018.

Leigh Day, ‘Lawyers for an Ethiopian man have said he is delighted after the High Court agreed his legal action against the UK government could go to a full hearing’, 2014 http://www.leighday.co.uk/News/2014/July-2014/Ethiopian-man-wins-right-to-take-legal-case-forwar, accessed 13 Jul 2018.

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