Competing and Co-Existing
This chapter gives a historical overview of the first governance paradigm and presents the logic behind it. Today, some researchers refer to this governance paradigm as Old Public Administration, but one of the insights in the chapter is that bureaucracy is still important in many public organizations. New paradigms have, however, challenged the separation of politics and administration and the hierarchical chain of command with strong centralized control and horizontal division of labour. Rule-based governance is still important in many contexts, and most countries hire public employees based on their merits. The chapter describes how the bureaucratic governance paradigm had different expressions in different countries, and it places bureaucracy in the public governance diamond. The emphasis on rules and hierarchical governance structures means that it scores very high in terms of centralized control.
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