Bigger Pies and Just Deserts
Chapter 6: Why are the three most important factors in global inequality location, location, and location?
In this chapter we look at inequality from a global perspective and examine differences in income across the world’s population, regardless of country. We want to understand why the global income distribution is as unequal as it is, and also why global inequality and poverty have fallen dramatically over the last 25 years. The vast majority of inequality across people can be explained by one simple fact: which country you live in. “Where” is much more important than who you are or what you do. In other words, the social determinants of productivity are more important than the individual determinants of productivity. The local economic institutions that shape our incentives to engage in productive behavior—things such as corruption, property rights, historical path dependence, open markets, macroeconomic policy, education systems, democracy, and culture—play a bigger role in determining our income than how hard we work or our innate skills.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.