Imposing Access to Information in Digital Markets
Chapter 8: Background on the antitrust investigations into Google
This chapter offers background information on the Google investigations in the EU which had been going on for years. It evaluates how three unsuccessful attempts to offer commitments ended up with no results. The Commission seemed to be adding evidence to the abuses in question, but its approach to theories of harm that were offered regarding the behaviours in question has not changed significantly. The chapter also stresses that the recent decision of the EC on Google, does not seem to add significant new evidence on search bias. What is more, the chapter reflects on the visible differences in the approach of the FTC and the European Commission as to Google’s behaviour, which are evident especially regarding search bias but also regarding mandating access to information.
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