This chapter answers the question of whether cryptocurrencies are money. Blockchain tokens do not fit neatly into our categories of financial assets. The chapter asks whether, and how, money is a public good or emergent social institution, and then applies this to crypto-tokens. Money can be seen as ‘dequity’: a unique instrument with the features of both debt and equity. The chapter then considers the evolution of money in a world of a multiplicity of cryptocurrencies and other technologies – such as artificial intelligence – that allow for barter transactions to occur at a low cost.
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