Show Less
You do not have access to this content

The Protection of Geographical Indications

Law and Practice, Second Edition

Michael Blakeney

Encapsulating the most recent changes in the law, this second edition of The Protection of Geographical Indications investigates the European laws which regulate the way that geographical indications can be used in the marketing of agricultural products, food, wines and spirits. Key updates to this comprehensive second edition include two new chapters exploring the impact of Brexit and considering the protection of EU geographical indications outside Europe and of foreign geographical indications within the EU.
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Michael Blakeney

Addor, F. and A. Grazioli (2002). ‘Geographical Indications beyond Wines and Spirits – A Roadmap for a Better Protection for Geographical Indications in the WTO TRIPS Agreement’ Journal of World Intellectual Property 5(6): 865–97.

Agarwal, S. and M. Barone (2005). Emerging Issues for Geographical Indication Branding Strategies, Iowa, Iowa State University, MATRIC.

Agdomar, M. (2008). ‘Removing the Greek from Feta and Adding Korbel to Champagne: the Paradox of Geographical Indications in International Law’ Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal 18(2): 542–607.

Albayrak, M. and E. Gunes (2010). ‘Implementations of Geographical Indications at Brand Management of Traditional Foods in the European Union’ African Journal of Business Management 4(6): 1059–68.

Almeida, A. F. R. de (2005). ‘The TRIPS Agreement, the Bilateral Agreements Concerning Geographical Indications and the Philosophy of the WTO’ European Intellectual Property Review 27(4): 150–53.

Armistead, J. (2000). ‘Whose Cheese Is It Anyway? Correctly Slicing the European Regulation Concerning Protections for Geographic Indications’ Transnat’l L. & Contemp. Probs. 10(1): 303–24.

Auer, A. (2008). ‘Legal Implications of Accession to the European Union on Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs’, Croatian Yearbook of European Law and Policy. 2:137– 72.

Babcock, B. A. (2003). ‘Geographical Indications, Property Rights, and Value-Added Agriculture’ Iowa Ag Review 9(4) available at http://www.cardiastate.edu/iowa_ag_review/fall_03/article1.aspx .

Banerjee, R. and M. Majumdar (2011). ‘In the Mood to Compromise? Extended Protection of Geographical Indications under TRIPS Article 23’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 6(9): 657–63.

Banks, J. and T. K. Marsden (2000). ‘Integrating Agri-Environment Policy, Farming Systems and Rural Development: Tir Cymen in Wales’ Sociologia Ruralis 40(4): 466–80.

Barham, E. and B. Sylvander (eds) (2011). Labels of Origin for Food. Local Development, Global Recognition, Wallingford, Oxford, CAB International.

Barjolle, D., B. Sylvander and E. Thévenod-Mottet (2011). ‘Public Policies and Geographical Indications’ in Barham and Sylvander (2011), 92–105.

Beier, F-K. and R. Knaak (1994). ‘The Protection of Direct and Indirect Geographical Indications of Source in Germany and the European Community’ IIC 25(1): 1–84.

Belletti, G. and A. Marescotti (2002). ‘Link between Origin-Labeled Products and Rural Development, WP Report 3. Development of Origin-Labeled Products’: Humanity, Innovations, and Sustainability (DOLPHINS) project, Le Mans.

Belletti, G. and A. Marescotti (2011). ‘Origin Products, Geographical Indications and Rural Development’ in Barham and Sylvander (2011) 75–91.

Belson, J. (2002). ‘Certification Marks, Guarantees and Trust’ EIPR 24(7): 340–52.

Bendekgey, L. and C. H. Mead (1992). ‘International Protection of Appellations of Origin and Other Geographic Indications’ Trademark Reporter 82: 765–92.

Bently, L. and B. Sherman (2006). ‘The Impact of European Geographical Indications on National Rights in Member States’ TMR 96(4): 850–905.

Beresford, L. (2007). ‘Geographical Indications: the Current Landscape’ Fordham Intellectual Property & Entertainment Law Jnl 17(4): 979–97.

Blakeney, M. (2000). ‘Geographical Indications in Trade’ International Trade Law & Regulation 4: 48–55.

Blakeney, M. (2001). ‘Proposals for the International Regulation of Geographical Indications’ Journal of World Intellectual Property 4(5): 629–52.

Blakeney, M. (2006). ‘Geographical Indications and TRIPS’ in M. Pugatch (ed.), The Intellectual Property Debate. Perspectives from Law, Economics and Political Economy, Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar, 293–304.

Blakeney, M. (2009). Intellectual Property Rights and Food Security, Wallingford, CAB International.

Blakeney, M. (2012a). Intellectual Property Enforcement. A Commentary on the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar.

Blakeney, M. (2012b). ‘Geographical Indications and the International Trade in Australian Wines’ International Trade Law & Regulation 18(1): 70.

Blakeney, M. and M. Lightbourne (2005). ‘Geographical Indications, Traditional Knowledge and Basmati Rice’ in B. O’Connor (ed.), Agriculture in WTO Law, London, Cameron May, 349–76.

Blakeney, M. and G. Mengistie (2011). ‘Intellectual Property and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa’ The Journal of World Intellectual Property 14(3): 238–64.

Blakeney, M., T. Coulet, G. Mengistie and M. T. Mahop (eds) (2012). Extending the Protection of Geographical Indications. Case Studies in the Protection of Agricultural Products in Africa, London, Earthscan.

Bornkamm, J. (2007). ‘E-Commerce Directive vs. IP Rights Enforcement – Legal Balance Achieved’ Paper presented at a conference in Brussels on 6 March 2007, published in English at [2007] GRUR Int 642. 431.

Botis, D. (2013) Deputy Director for Legal Affairs at OHIM, ‘Collective and Certification Marks in the EUhttp://www.worldipreview.com/news/ecta-2013-explaining-the-mysterious-collective-ctm

Bramley, C. and E. Bienabe (2012). ‘Developments and Considerations Around Geographical Indications in the Developing World’ Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property 2(1): 14–37.

Bronckers, M. C. E. J. (1998). ‘The Exhaustion of Patent Rights under World Trade Organization Law’ J. World Tr. L. 32(5): 137–59.

Caenegem, W. van (2003). ‘Registered Geographical Indications’ Journal of World Intellectual Property 6(5): 699–719.

Caenegem, W. van (2004). ‘Registered GIs: Intellectual Property, Agricultural Policy and International Trade’ European Intellectual Property Review 26(4): 170–81.

Calboli, I. (2006). ‘Expanding the Protection of Geographical Indications of Origin under TRIPS: “Old” Debate or “New” Opportunity?’ Marquette Intellectual Property Law Review 10(2): 181–203.

Charlier, C. and M.-A. Ngo (2007). ‘An Analysis of the European Communities: Protection of Trademarks and Geographical Indications for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs Dispute’ Journal of World Intellectual Property 10(3–4): 171–86.

Charlier, C. and M.-A. Ngo (2012). ‘Geographical Indications Outside the European Regulation on PGIs, and the Rule of the Free Movement of Goods: Lessons from Cases Judged by the Court of Justice of the European Communities’ European Journal of Law and Economics 34(1): 17–30.

Chever, T., C. Renault, S. Renault and V. Romieu (2012). Value of Production of Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs, Wines, Aromatised Wines and Spirits Protected by a Geographical Indication (GI), Final Report for European Commission, available at http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/external-studies/2012/value-gi/final-report_en.pdf

Conrad, A. (1996). ‘The Protection of Geographical Indications on the TRIPs Agreement’ TMR 86: 11–46.

Corte-Real, A. (2005). ‘The Conflict Between Trade Marks and Geographical Indications – The Budweiser Case in Portugal’ in C. Heath and A. Kamperman Sanders (eds), New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: IP and Cultural Heritage, Geographical Indicators, Enforcement, Overprotection, Oxford, Hart, 149–60.

Cottier, T. and P. Véron (eds) (2011). Concise International and European IP Law, TRIPS, Paris Convention, European Enforcement and Transfer of Technology, 2nd edn, Alphen aan den Rijn, Wolters Kluwer.

Creditt, E. C. (2008). ‘Terroir vs. Trademarks: the Debate over Geographical Indications and Expansions to the TRIPS Agreement’ Vanderbilt J Ent & Tech L. 11(2): 425–59.

Dawson, N. (2000). ‘Locating Geographical Indications: Perspectives from English Law’ Trademark Reporter 90: 590–614.

Doster, I. (2006). ‘A Cheese by Any Other Name: A Palatable Compromise to the Conflict over Geographical Indications’ Vanderbilt L. Rev. 59:3: 874–903.

Echols, M. A. (2008). Geographical Indications for Food Products: International Legal and Regulatory Perspectives, Austin, Kluwer Law International.

Ermert, M. (2013). ‘Governments Disagree on GI Protection at TLD Level’ Intellectual Property Watch 1 August, available at http://www.ip-watch.org/2013/08/01/governments-disagree-on-geographical-indication-protection-at-tld-level/

Evans, G. E. (2008). ‘The Multilateral Register for Geographical Indications and The Doha Mandate’: Anuario Andino De Derechos Intelectuales [Andean Yearbook of Intellectual Property Rights], Palestra, Lima, 397–419.

Evans, G. E. (2009). ‘Substantive Trademark Law Harmonization: On the Emerging Coherence between the Jurisprudence of the WTO Appellate Body and the European Court of Justice’ in G. Dinwoodie and M. Janis (eds), Trademark Law and Theory: A Handbook of Contemporary Research, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, 177–203.

Evans, G. E. (2010). ‘The Comparative Advantages of Geographical Indications and Community Trade Marks for the Marketing of Agricultural Products in the European Union’ International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC) 41(6): 645–674.

Evans, G. E. (2012). ‘The Simplification of European Legislation for the Protection of Geographical Indications: the Proposed Regulation on Agricultural Product Quality Schemes’ European Intellectual Property Review 34(11): 33–49.

Evans, G. E. (2013). ‘The Protection of Geographical Indications in the European Union and the United States under Sui Generis and Trade Mark Systems: Signs of Harmonisation?’ IPQ 1: 18–29.

Evans, G. and M. Blakeney (2006). ‘The Protection of Geographical Indications after Doha: Quo Vadis?’ Journal of International Economic Law 9(3): 573–614.

Evans, G. and M. Blakeney (2007). ‘The International Protection of Geographical Indications Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow’ in G. Weskamp (ed.), Emerging Issues in Intellectual Property. Queen Mary Studies in Intellectual Property, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, 359–441.

Evans, P. (2006). ‘Geographic Indications, Trade and the Functioning of Markets’ in M. Pugatch (ed.), The Intellectual Property Debate: Perspectives from Law, Economics and Political Economy, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 345–360.

Forrest, H. A. (2013). Protection of Geographic Names in International Law and Domain Name System Policy, Alphen aan der Rijn, Kluwer.

Frayssignes, J. (2011). ‘Roquefort Cheese (France)’ in Barham and Sylvander (eds) (2011), 177–83.

Fusco, S. (2008). ‘Geographical Indications: A Discussion of the TRIPS Regulation after the Ministerial Conference of Hong Kong’ Marquette Intellectual Property Law Review 12(2): 197–262.

Gangjee, D. (2006). ‘Melton Mowbray and the GI Pie in the Sky: Exploring Cartographies of Protection’ Intellectual Property Quarterly 3: 291–309.

Gangjee, D. (2007). ‘Say Cheese! A Sharper Image of Generic Use Through the Lens of Feta’ European Intellectual Property Review 29(5): 172–179.

Gangjee, D. (2007). ‘Quibbling Siblings: Conflicts between Trademarks and Geographical Indications’ Chicago-Kent Law Review 82(3): 1253–1291.

Gangjee, D. (2012). Relocating the Law of Geographical Indications, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Gervais, D. J. (2010). ‘Reinventing Lisbon: the Case for a Protocol to the Lisbon Agreement (Geographical Indications)’ Chicago Journal of International Law 11(1): 67–126.

Gerz, A. and F. Dupont (2006). ‘Comté Cheese in France: Impact of a Geographical Indicationon Rural Development’ in P. van de Kop, D. Sautier, and A. Gerz (eds), Origin-Based Products: Lessons for Pro-Poor Market Development, Amsterdam, KIT Publishers, 75–87.

Geuze, M. (2009). ‘The Provisions on Geographical Indications in the TRIPS Agreement’ The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy 10(1): 50–64.

Gevers, F. (1990). ‘Geographical Names and Signs Used as Trade Marks’ European International Property Review 8: 285–286.

Goebbel, B. (2003). ‘Geographical Indications and Trademarks the Road from Doha’ Trademark Reporter 93(4): 964–995.

Goldberg, S. D. (2001). ‘Who Will Raise the White Flag? The Battle between the United States and the European Union Over the Protection of Geographical Indications’ University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 22(1): 107–51.

González, M. A. M. (2012). ‘Collective, Guarantee and Certification Marks and GIs: Connections and Dissimilarities’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 7(4): 251–63.

Gragnani, M. (2012). ‘The Law of Geographical Indications in the EU’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 7(4): 271–82.

Günzel, O. (2012). ‘Opposing Third Parties’ Applications for Geographical Indications under Regulation 510/2006’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 7(4): 244–50.

Gutierrez, E. (2005). ‘Geographical Indicators: A Unique European Perspective on Intellectual Property’ Hastings Int’l & Comp L Rev. 29: 29–50.

Haight, F. C. (2000). ‘Conflicts Between U.S. Law and International Treaties Concerning Geographical Indications’ Whittier Law Review 22(1): 73–88.

Handler, M. (2006). ‘The WTO Geographical Indications Dispute’ The Modern Law Review 69(1): 70–91.

Handler, M. and R. Burrell (2011). ‘GI Blues: the Global Disagreement Over Geographical Indications’ in K. Bowrey, M. Handler and D. Nicol (eds), Emerging Challenges in Intellectual Property Victoria, Oxford University Press, 126–44.

Heald, P. J. (1996). ‘Trademarks and Geographical Indications: Exploring the Contours of the TRIPS Agreement’ V and J Transnat’l L. 29: 635–60.

Heath, C. (2005). ‘Geographical Indications: International, Bilateral and Regional Agreements’ in C. Heath and A. Kamperman Sanders (eds), New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: IP and Cultural Heritage, Geographical Indicators, Enforcement, Overprotection, Oxford, Hart, 97–132.

Hughes, J. (2006). ‘Champagne, Feta, and Bourbon: the Spirited Debate about Geographical Indications’ Hastings L.J. 58: 299–373.

Ilbery, B. and M. Kneafsey (2000a). ‘Registering Regional Speciality Food and Drink Products in the United Kingdom: the Case of PDOs and PGIs’ Area 32(3): 317–25.

Ilbery, B. and M. Kneafsey (2000b). ‘Producer Constructions of Quality in Regional Specialty Food Production: a Case Study from Southwest England’ Journal of Rural Studies 16(2): 217–30.

Insight Consulting (2013). Study on Geographical Indications Protection for Non-agricultural Products in the Internal Market available at http://ec.europaeu/internal_market/indprop/docs/geo-indications/130322_geo-indications-non-agri-study_en.pdf .

Ittersum, K. van, M. J. J. M. Candel and M. T. G. Meulenberg (2003). ‘The Influence of the Image of a Product’s Region of Origin on Product Evaluation’ Journal of Business Research 56: 215–26.

Jennings, J. (2011). Revolution and the Republic: A History of Political Thought in France Since the Eighteenth Century, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Josel, K. H. (1994). ‘New Wine in Old Bottles: the Protection of France’s Wine Classification System beyond Its Borders’ Boston University International Law Journal 12: 471–92.

Josling, T. (2006). ‘The War on Terroir: Geographical Indications as a Transatlantic Trade Conflict’ Journal of Agricultural Economics 57(3): 337–63.

Kazmi, H. (2001). ‘Trademarks in the International Arena: International Conventions and Agreements: Does It Make a Difference Where That Chablis Comes From? Geographic Indications in TRIPs and NAFTA’ J. Contemp. Legal Issues 12: 470–474.

Kemp, D. J. and L. M. Forsythe (2006). ‘Trademarks and Geographical Indications: a Case of California Champagne’ Chapman L. Rev. 10: 257–98.

Kireeva, I. (2009). ‘European Case Law and the WTO Ruling on Conflicts Between Geographical Indications and Trademarks’ ERA Forum 10: 199–214.

Kireeva, I and B. O’Connor (2010). ‘Geographical Indications and the TRIPS Agreement: What Protection is Provided to Geographical Indications in WTO Members?’ Journal of World Intellectual Property 13(2): 275–303.

Knaak, R. (1996). ‘The Protection of Geographical Indications According to the TRIPS Agreement’ in F.-K. Beier and G. Schricker (eds), From GATT to TRIPS – Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, IIC Studies, vol. 18. New York, Weinheim, 117–32.

Kur, A. and S. Cocks (2007). ‘Nothing but a GI Thing: Geographical Indications under EU Law’ Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal 17(4) 999–1016.

Lang, A. C. (2006). ‘On the Need to Expand Article 23 of the TRIPS Agreement’ Duke Journal of Contemporary and International Law 16(2): 487–510.

Lenzen, L. C. (1968). ‘Baccus in the Hinterlands: A Study of Denominations of Origin in French and American Wine-Labeling Laws’ Trademark Reporter 58: 145–88.

Leong, S. H. S. (2017). ‘European Union-Singapore Free Trade Agreement: A New Chapter for Geographical Indications in Singapore’ in I. Caboli and N. W. Loon, Geographical Indications at the Crossroads of Trade, Development and Culture, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Lindquist, L. A. (1999). ‘Champagne or Champagne? An Examination of U.S. Failure to Comply with the Geographical Provisions of the Trips Agreement’ Georgia J. of International and Comparative L. 27: 309–44.

Lucatelli, S. (2000). ‘Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications in OECD Member Countries: Economic and Legal Implications’. OECD, Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Trade Directorate. COM/ AGR/APM/TD/WP(2000)15/FINAL. 57–65.

Marette, S. (2005). ‘The Collective-Quality Promotion in the Agribusiness Sector: An Overview’, Working paper 05-WP406 Centre for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University.

Marie-Vivien, D. (2010). ‘The Role of the State in the Protection of Geographical Indications: From Disengagement in France/Europe to Significant Involvement in India’ Journal of World Intellectual Property 13(2): 121–47.

Marsden, T., J. Banks and G. Bristow (2000). ‘Food Supply Chain Approaches: Exploring their Role in Rural Development’ Sociologia Ruralis 40(4): 424–38.

Martin, J. M. C. (2004). ‘TRIPS Agreement: Towards a Better Protection for Geographical Indications?’ Brooklyn Journal of International Law 30(1): 117–84.

McCarthy, J. T. and V. C. Devitt (1979). ‘Protection of Geographical Indications: Domestic and International’ Trademark Reporter 69: 199–213.

McIver, I. Geographical Indications and Brexit, Edinburgh, The Scottish Parliament, 2018, 16, available at https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/ResearchBriefings/Report/2018/8/23/Geographical-Indications-and-Brexit accessed 16 April 2019.

Mendelson, R. and Z. Wood (2013). Geographical Indications in the United States: Developing a Preliminary List of Qualifying Product Names, oriGIn paper, Geneva, OriGIn.

Mengistie, G. (2010). ‘Intellectual Property as a Tool for Development: the Ethiopian Fine Coffee Designations and Trade Marking and Licensing Experience’ Int. TL & R 16(1): 1–25.

Montén, L. (2006). ‘Geographical Indications of Origin: Should They Be Protected and Why? An Analysis of the Issue from the U.S. and EU Perspectives’ Santa Clara Computer & High Technology Law Journal 22(2): 315–49.

Monteverde, P. (2012). ‘Enforcement of Geographical Indications’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 7(4): 291–7.

Morgan, K., T. K. Marsden and J. Banks (2006). Worlds of Food: Place, Power, and Provenance in the Food Chain, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Munzinger, P. (2012). ‘Blue Jeans and Other GIs: An Overview of Protection Systems for Geographical Indications’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 7(4): 283–90.

Murphy, K. M. (2003). ‘Conflict, Confusion, and Bias under TRIPs Articles 22–24’ American University International Law Review 19(5): 1181–230.

O’Connor, B. (2004). The Law of Geographical Indications, London, Cameron May.

O’Connor, B. and I. Kireeva (2003). ‘What’s in a Name? The “Feta” Cheese Saga’ International Trade Law and Regulation 9(4): 110–21.

O’Connor, B. and I. Kireeva (2004). ‘Overview of the EC Case Law Protecting Geographical Indications. The Slicing of Parma Ham and the Grating of Grana Padano Cheese’ European Intellectual Property Review 26(7): 312–22.

O’Connor & Co. (2005). ‘Geographical Indications and the Challenges for ACP Countries’, Agritrade, CTA, Paper available at http://agritrade.cta.int/

O’Connor & Co. (2007). ‘Geographical Indications and TRIPS: 10 Years Later … Part II – Protection of Geographical Indications in 160 Countries around the World’ (Report Commissioned for European Commission, DG Trade, available at http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2007/june/tradoc_135089.pdf

Olszak, N. (2001). Droit des appellations d’origine et indications de provenence, Paris, Tec & Doc.

Pacciani, A., G. Beletti, A. Marescotti and S. Scaramuzzi (2001). ‘The Role of Typical Products in Fostering Rural Development and the Effects of Regulation (EEC) 2081/92’. 73rd Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, Ancona 28–30 June.

Parry, B. (2008). ‘Geographical Indications: Not all Champagne and Roses’, in L. Bently, J. C. Ginsburgh and J. Davis (eds), Trade Marks and Brands: An Interdisciplinary Critique, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 361–80.

Pflüger, M. (2011). ‘Article 10’ in T. Cottier and P. Véron (eds), Concise International and European IP Law TRIPS, Paris Convention, European Enforcement and Transfer of Technology, Alphen aan den Rijn, Wolters Kluwer, 274.

Profeta, A., R. Balling, V. Schoene and A. Wirsig (2009). ‘The Protection of Origins for Agricultural Products and Foods in Europe: Status Quo, Problems and Policy Recommendations for the Green Book’ The Journal of World Intellectual Property 12(6): 622–48.

Rangnekar, D. (2004). ‘The Socio-Economics of Geographical Indications: A Review of Empirical Evidence from Europe’, UNCTAD/ICTSD Capacity building project on intellectual property rights and sustainable development, Geneva.

Raustiala, K. and S. R. Munzer (2007). ‘The Global Struggle over Geographic Indications’ The European Journal of International Law 18(2): 337–365.

Ray, C. (1998). ‘Culture, Intellectual Property and Territorial Rural Development’ Sociologia Ruralis 38(1): 3.

Renaud, J. R. (2001). ‘Can’t Get There from Here: How NAFTA and GATT Have Reduced Protection for Geographical Trademarks’ Brooklyn Journal of International Law 26(3): 1097–123.

Resinek, N. (2007). ‘Geographical Indications and Trade Marks: Coexistence or “First in Time, First in Right” Principle’ European Intellectual Property Review 29(11): 446–55.

Réviron, S. and M. Paus (2006). Special Report: Impact Analysis Methods. WP2 Social and Economic Issues. SINER-GI Project. European Commission – Sixth framework program, February 2006.

Réviron, S., E. Thevenod-Mottet and N. El Benni (2009). ‘Geographical Indications: Creation and Distribution of Economic Value in Developing Countries’ NCCR Working Paper no 14.

Ricolfi, M. (2009). ‘Is the European GIs Policy in Need of Rethinking’ IIC 40(2): 123–124.

Ruse–Khan, H. G. (2011). ‘A Trade Agreement Creating Barriers to International Trade?: ACTA Border Measures and Goods in Transit’ Am. U. Int’l L. Rev. 26(1): 645–726.

Saez, C. (2013). ‘GI Proponents Seek Recognition in New Internet Domains Programme at ICANN’, Intellectual Property Watch 11 July available at http://www.ip-watch.org/2013/07/11/ gi-proponents-seek-recognition-in-new-internet-domains-programme-at-icann/.

Sanders, A. K. (2005). ‘Future Solutions for Protecting Geographical Indications Worldwide’ in C. Heath and A. Kamperman Sanders (eds), New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: IP and Cultural Heritage, Geographical Indicators, Enforcement, Overprotection, Oxford, Hart, 133–45.

Schricker, G. (1983). ‘Protection of Indications of Source, Appellations of Origin and Other Geographic Designations in the Federal Republic of Germany’ IIC 14(3): 307–28.

Shimura, K. (2010). ‘How to Cut the Cheese: Homonymous Names of Registered Geographic Indicators of Foodstuffs in Regulation 510/2006’ Boston College International and Comparative Law Jnl. 33(1): 129–52.

Snyder, D. (2008). ‘Enhanced Protections for Geographical Indications Under TRIPs: Potential Conflicts Under the U.S. Constitutional and Statutory Regimes’ Fordham Intellectual Property, Media & Entertainment Law Journal 18(5): 1297–323.

Stanziani, A. (2004). ‘Wine Reputation and Quality Controls: the Origin of the AOCs in 19th Century France’ European Journal of Law and Economics 18(2): 149–67.

Stanziani, A. (2009). ‘Information, Quality and Legal Rules: Wine Adulteration in Nineteenth Century France’ Business History 51(2): 268–91.

Stasi, A., G. Nardone, R. Viscecchia and A. Seccia (2011). ‘Italian Wine Demand and Differentiation Effect of Geographical Indications’ International Journal of Wine Business Research 23(1): 49–61.

Staten, T. L. (2005). ‘Geographical Indications under the TRIPS Agreement: Uniformity Not Extension’ Journal of the Patent & Trade Mark Office Society 87(3): 221–45.

Stenrücken, T. and S. Jaenichen (2007). ‘The Fair Trade Idea: Toward an Economics of Social Labels’ Journal of Consumer Policy 30: 201–217.

Stern, S. (2001). ‘The Overlap Between Geographical Indications and Trade Marks in Australia’ Melbourne Journal of International Law 2: 224–41.

Sylvander, B. (2004). ‘Development of Origin Labelled Products: Humanity, Innovation and Sustainability’, Dolphins WP7 Report, January.

Teil, G. (2010). ‘The French Wine “Appellations d’Origine Contrôlée” and the Virtues of Suspicion’ The Journal of World Intellectual Property 13(2): 253–74.

Teuber, R. (2010). ‘Geographical Indications of Origin as a Tool of Product Differentiation: the Case of Coffee’ Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing 22: 277–98.

Teuber, R. (2011). ‘Consumers’ and Producers’ Expectations Towards Geographical Indications: Empirical Evidence for a German Case Study’ British Food Journal 113(7): 900–918.

Torsen, M. (2005). ‘Apples and Oranges: French and American Models of Geographical Indication Policy Demonstrate an International Lack of Consensus’ 95 TMR 1415.

Treagar, A. (2003). ‘From Stilton to Vimto: Using Food History to Re-think Typical Products in Rural Development’ Sociologia Ruralis 43(2): 92, 439

Tregear, A., F. Arfini, G. Belletti and A. Marescotti (2007). ‘Regional Foods and Rural Development: the Role of Product Qualification’ Journal of Rural Studies 23: 12–22.

Treagar, A. and G. Giraud (2011). ‘Geographical Indications, Consumers and Citizens’ in Barham and Sylvander (eds) (2011), 63–74.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) (2010). Adding Value to Traditional Products of Regional Origin. A Guide to Creating a Quality Consortium, Vienna, UNIDO.

Vandecandelaere, E., F. Arfini, G. Belletti and A. Marescotti (2009). Linking People, Places and Products: A Guide for Promoting Quality Linked to Geographical Origin and Sustainable Geographical Indications Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and SINER-GI.

Vincent, M. (2007). ‘Extending Protection at the WTO to Products Other Than Wines and Spirits: Who Will Benefit?’ Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy 8(1): 57–68.

Vittori, M. (2010). ‘The International Debate on Geographical Indications (GIs): the Point of View of the Global Coalition of GI Producers – oriGIn’ The Journal of World Intellectual Property 13(2): 304–14.

Vivas-Egui, D. and C. Spennemann (2006). ‘The Treatment of Geographical Indications in Recent Regional and Bilateral Free Trade Agreements’ in M. P. Pugatch (ed.), The Intellectual Property Debate: Perspectives from Law, Economics and Political Economy, Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar, 305–40.

Vroom-Cramer, B. M. (1997). ‘PDOs and PGIs: Geographical Denominations Protected’ European Food Law Review 3: 336–375.

Wilkof, N. and S. Uzrad (2008). ‘PDO/GI: In the Matter of the Appellation of Origin for “JAFFA”’ Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice 3(1): 17–20.

Williams, R. M. (2007). ‘Do Geographical Indications Promote Sustainable Rural Development: Two UK Case Studies and Implications for New Zealand Rural Development Policy’ Lincoln University, available at http://researcharchive.lincoln.ac.nz/dspace/bitstream/10182/585/1/williams_mnr mee.pdf

WIPO (n.d.). Geographical Indications. An Introduction, Geneva, WIPO. Wongprawmas, R., M. Canavari, R. Haas and D. Asioli (2012). ‘Gatekeepers’ Perceptions of Thai Geographical Indication Products in Europe’ Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing 24(3): 185–200.

Yu, P. (2011). ‘Six Secret (and Now Open) Fears of ACTA’ SMU L. R. 64: 101–249.

Zacher, F. G. (2005). ‘Pass the Parmesan: Geographic Indications in the United States and the European Union – Can There Be Compromise?’ Emory int’l L. Rev. 19: 427–42.

Zanzig, L. (2013). ‘The Perfect Pairing: Protecting U.S. Geographical Indications with a Sino-American Wine Registry’ Washington Law Review 88: 723–57.

Zou, J. (2005). ‘Rice and Cheese, Anyone? The Fight over TRIPS Geographical Indications Continues’ Brooklyn Journal of International Law 30(3): 1141–174.

Zylberg, P. (2002). ‘Geographical Indications v. Trademarks: The Lisbon Agreement: A Violation of TRIPS?’ U. Baltimore Intell. Prop. L. J. 11: 1–69.