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International Investment Law

Arnaud de Nanteuil

This comprehensive book provides a complete overview of the international legal system of foreign investment protection, synthesising material from treaties, general international law, contracts and case law to demonstrate a coherent system of investment protection. Through this systematic approach, the book considers all aspects of the discipline, providing a thorough and accessible analysis.
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INDEX

Arnaud de Nanteuil

abuse 5.094

acquiescence 11.34

Additional Facility Rule (ICSID) 6.009, 6.0136.015, 6.116

Ad Hoc (Arbitration) 6.029

Ad Hoc Committees 4.05, 4.08, 6.120, 6.123, 6.128

administrative law 2.152.19

admissibility 6.0656.070

Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures see TRIMS

Algiers Agreement 3.19

Amicus curiae 6.0956.097, 13.08

annulment 6.1146.129

failure to state reasons 6.123

grounds for annulement 6.118-6.125

improper constitution of the tribunal 6.118, 6.125

manifest excess of power 6.060, 6.122

application of other provisions clause 12.26

arbitrariness 9.0229.023, 9.0299.030

arbitration without privity 1.096

ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement 3.25, 7.08, 7.10

Autorités administrative indépendante 5.116

bad faith 5.050, 6.040, 9.0319.033

Bifurcation 6.094

burden of proof 6.104

Calvo doctrine 8.058.07, 9.154

capitulations 8.06

Caribbean Court of Justice 3.93

Central American Free Trade Agreement 3.23, 5.089, 5.101, 11.19

Central Banks 5.116

challenge procedures 6.0906.093, 6.125

choice of law 1.054, 1.0701.071, 1.0751.077

Compétence de la competence see Kompetenz-kompetenz

compromissory clauses 6.037

concession contract 2.55, 5.018

Conseil d’Etat (France) 2.42, 2.46, 2.50, 2.742.75, 2.77

contract claims 2.124.44

contracts 1.0461.053, 1.0461.082, 6.077

contractual rights 5.016, 9.095

contradictory principle 6.124

contribution to the economic development of the host State 5.033, 5.0395.042, 5.0525.053

contributory fault 2.36-2.37

cooling-off period 6.0426.048

corruption 6.125

denial of benefits clauses 5.0985.106

denial of justice 1.003, 1.029, 3.48, 9.0209.028, 9.0469.050, 12.28

exhaustion of local remedies 6.050, 9.047

substantive v. procedural denial of justice 5.1005.106, 9.0209.028, 9.033

denunciation

BITs, of 13.15

ICSID Convention, of 6.015, 6.0756.076

diplomatic protection 1.0041.019, 3.54, 6.0316.033, 6.049, 6.069

direct effect 2.02, 3.66

discrimination 7.02, 8.018.02, 8.038.49, 9.026, 9.0669.068, 9.154, 11.08

dispossession 9.0569.057, 9.061, 9.072, 9.075, 9.0849.099, 9.106, 9.111

disqualification 6.0906.093, 6.125

domestic law 1.0521.053, 1.060, 1.065, 1.0711.073, 2.072.77, 4.034.11, 4.404.41, 5.054, 5.0575.061, 6.0496.053, 6.0786.079, 6.134, 7.08, 8.42

double taxation treaties 2.25

double test (ICSID) 5.0065.009, 5.0415.042

draft BIT models 1.087, 1.089, 3.11, 3.55, 5.071, 6.043, 11.19

ECOWAS Energy Protocol 3.303.31, 7.10

effectiveness 1.015, 5.0725.073

Ejusdem generis 8.358.36

Electa une via see fork in the road clause

emergency 6.098, 9.106

Energy Charter Treaty 1.090, 3.273.29, 3.31, 4.09, 5.054, 5.089, 9.061, 12.36

environment 11.08, 12.02, 12.0512.20, 12.3412.36

equilibrium clauses see stabilization or equilibrium clauses

European Convention on Human Rights 3.463.48, 6.053, 12.01, 12.27

European Court of Justice 3.893.90, 8.16, 13.1113.13

European Court on Human Rights 3.48, 3.79, 3.89, 12.02, 12.27

European Union 3.42, 7.09, 8.16, 8.49, 9.036, 9.040, 9.107, 13.0113.27

evidence 6.102, 6.104

Ex aequo et bono 9.016

Exequatur 6.1336.137, 6.1396.140, 6.1456.146, 13.12

exhaustion of local remedies 6.0496.053, 13.03

customary requirement 1.014

denial of justice, and 6.050, 9.047

futility exception 6.040, 6.047, 9.047

extinctive prescription 6.065

Faute personnelle/Faute de service 5.119

fork in the road clause 4.164.22, 6.052

France 1.024, 2.08, 2.112.12, 2.16, 2.21, 2.272.28, 2.352.46, 2.50, 2.742.75, 2.77, 5.078, 6.118, 6.136, 8.11, 9.015, 9.050

freedom of establishment 2.08, 3.43, 7.05, 7.097.14

freedom of movement (EU law) 8.49

free zones 2.24, 5.031, 8.51

futility exception see exhaustion of local remedies

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 3.37, 8.13, 8.15, 11.02, 11.07, 11.10, 12.14

General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) 3.373.39, 8.39

head office criterion see nationality

Hull formula 9.0779.079

ILC Articles on State responsibility 1.009, 3.673.69, 5.1125.127, 9.112, 9.155, 11.2211.34

immunity 2.47, 3.703.71, 6.1386.147

impartiality 6.092, 6.125

incorporations 5.084, 5.086, 5.0885.090, 5.0925.093

independence 1.030, 5.1265.127

insurance

insurance mechanisms 7.02, 10.0110.06

investment law as an insurance 5.049

Insurrection 10.06

Intellectual property 3.37, 3.403.41, 5.013, 5.017

Interests 5.015, 6.0676.070, 9.112

International Bar Association 6.0916.092

International Court of Justice 1.073, 1.076, 1.081, 2.02, 3.02, 3.88, 3.95, 3.98, 6.037, 6.066, 6.069, 6.0986.099, 9.116

International law commission (ILC) 1.009, 3.67–3.69, 3.94, 5.112–5.127, 9.112, 9.155, 11.22-11.34

Iran-US Claims Tribunal 3.79, 3.913.93, 9.091, 9.094, 9.101

Iure imperii/jure gestionis 4.37

juridical security see juridical stability

juridical stability 1.049, 1.060, 6.065, 9.152, 11.08

jurisdiction 4.25, 5.006, 6.055, 6.060, 6.0716.072, 6.0716.087, 6.108, 12.25

ratione materiae 5.004, 5.055, 6.0816.083, 8.43

ratione personae 6.066, 6.081

ratione temporis 5.046, 6.081, 6.0846.087

ratione volantis 6.0736.080

jurisprudence constant 3.84, 6.003

Kompetenz-Kompetenz 5.103

legitimate expectations 2.542.55, 3.85, 4.42, 9.018, 9.0399.045, 9.107

Lex Mercatoria 1.080

mass claims 6.094

MERCOSUR 3.24, 7.08

minority shareholders 5.015, 6.069

mixed commissions 1.0201.032, 5.119

most favored nation clauses 6.047, 6.076, 7.02, 8.01, 8.22, 8.308.51

Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) 3.133.19, 7.14

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) 10.03

NAFTA 1.044, 3.22, 5.054, 5.105, 6.116, 7.12, 8.10, 8.12, 8.14, 8.29, 9.012, 9.0149.015, 9.0359.036, 9.091, 9.144, 9.148, 12.06

nationality 5.0695.076

dominant nationality 5.074

dual nationality 5.074

effective nationality 5.072-5.073

legal persons 1.012, 5.077-5.093

control criterion 5.085, 5.091

Head office criterion 5.086, 5.090

incorporation criterion 5.084, 5.089

natural persons 5.063, 5.0705.076

nationalization 3.47, 9.0599.061

Nemo auditur propriam turpitudinem allegans 5.054

New International Economic Order 9.008, 9.074

Non bis in idem 4.174.19, 6.035

Ombudsman 2.30

Opinio juris 2.02, 3.53

opting out 8.28-8.29

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2.25, 3.08, 3.143.19, 6.050, 9.005

Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) 3.20

Overseas Private International Corporation (OPIC) 10.02

Permanent Court of Arbitration 1.0371.039, 6.0176.020, 6.030, 12.32

permanent sovereignty over natural resources 5.037

police powers 9.1009.107, 11.08, 11.1911.20

see also right to regulate

pre-investment 5.0455.050

primacy 12.30, 13.11

private international law 1.0541.059, 1.0721.082, 3.01

procedural denial of justice 5.1005.106, 9.0209.028, 9.033

procedural orders 6.094, 6.101, 6.104, 6.120

proportionality 3.75, 9.1049.106

political risk 5.036

provisional applications 3.28

provisional measures 6.0986.100

public bodies 2.45, 2.62

rectification 6.028, 6.124

retroactivity 6.085, 6.087

reverse discrimination 3.57, 8.068.07, 9.006, 9.008, 9.0109.014, 9.0179.018, 9.036, 9.040

right to regulate 2.15, 9.101, 11.08, 11.1911.20, 12.13, 12.29, 13.21

see also police powers

risk 5.036

rule of precedent 3.783.86

Secretary General (ICSID) 3.783.82, 6.008, 6.011

self-judging clauses 11.09

shareholders 5.015, 6.0696.070

Shell companies 5.101

sovereign debt 5.0515.053

stabilization or equilibrium clauses 1.062-1.068

State Aid 5.117, 13.06

State immunity 2.47, 3.703.71, 6.1386.147

State organs 5.1135.127

Statute of limitations 6.065

Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC) 1.044, 6.0216.023, 6.030, 6.056, 6.060, 6.118, 6.130

subrogation clauses 10.06

substantive vs. procedural denial of justice 5.1005.106, 9.0209.028, 9.033

tax 2.232.25, 8.50, 9.140, 11.15

termination of treaties 13.0313.04, 13.1613.17

territorial subdivision 5.031, 5.1105.116

testimony 6.102, 6.104

tort 2.322.67

Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement see TRIPS

transparency 6.091, 9.0359.045

Treaty claims see contract claims

Treaty shopping 5.070

Tribunal de Grande Instance 6.136

TRIMS 9.145, 9.147

triple identity test 4.18

TRIPS 3.37

Umbrella clauses 4.14, 4.234.42, 8.46

UNCITRAL 1.043, 6.019, 6.030, 6.057, 6.073, 6.091, 6.130, 6.141, 8.40, 13.23

Unilateral acts 2.02, 3.943.97, 4.264.28

United States 1.0241.025, 1.027, 2.13, 2.29, 2.472.55, 2.472.57, 9.101

United States Supreme Court 2.53, 2.55, 2.76, 9.010

USMCA 1.044, 3.22, 9.012, 9.014

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 3.06, 3.493.50, 3.623.63, 4.11, 5.120, 6.078, 7.07, 11.09, 12.11, 13.04, 13.25

Voie de fait 5.119

vulture funds 5.053

witness see testimony

World Bank 6.007

World Bank Guidelines on the Treatment of Foreign Investment 3.97, 9.005, 9.145

World Trade Organization 3.363.41, 8.13, 8.158.16, 9.145, 9.147, 11.02, 11.07, 11.10