Entrepreneurial Ecosystems
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Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

Theory, Practice and Futures

Ben Spigel

This is a guide to understanding entrepreneurial ecosystems: what they are, why they matter, and to whom they matter. Ben Spigel explores this popular new theory of economic development, locating the intellectual roots of ecosystems, explaining the practices and processes that allow ecosystems to support the creation and growth of innovative entrepreneurial firms.
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Chapter 6: Critiques of entrepreneurial ecosystems

Ben Spigel


The rapid growth of research on entrepreneurial ecosystems has led to many issues and gaps in the literature. This chapter reviews the major critiques of ecosystems research. The chapter looks at four types of critiques: lack of a strong theoretical framework, lack of attention to the relationships within and between ecosystems, lack of policy impact, and that ecosystems are connected with neoliberal politics. The chapter discusses how these critiques can motivate future research agendas.

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