EU Trade Law
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EU Trade Law

Rafael Leal-Arcas

This comprehensive book provides a thorough analytical overview of the European Union’s existing law and policy in the field of international trade. Considering the history and context of the law’s evolution, it offers an adept examination of its common commercial policy competence through the years, starting with the Treaty of Rome up until the Treaty of Lisbon, as a background for understanding the EU’s present role in the World Trade Organization (WTO) framework.
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Chapter 8: Conclusion and ratification of trade agreements

Rafael Leal-Arcas


This chapter examines the need for the EU Council to maintain more transparency in its key function of holding EU trade policy accountable. The EU Council represents the will of the EU Member States, as opposed to the will of the people, which is represented by the European Parliament (EP). It consists of government ministers from all the EU countries. The Council meets regularly to take detailed decisions and to pass European laws. The Council is the decision-maker. Therefore, it issues ‘directives for negotiation’ to guide the Commission in its work. It is also the Council which ultimately decides whether or not to adopt an agreement. The chapter also analyses the role of the EP in trade policy, the changes proposed by the EU Constitutional Treaty, and the role of national parliaments.

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