Internal Competition and External Diplomacy
Chapter 8: Analysis: connecting domestic and international influences on policy adoption
Concluding from the detailed mapping of the process to policy adoption in the three cases of EU-inspired policies – the 2°C target, Emissions Trading System, and Carbon Capture and Storage - all three case studies strongly supported the empowerment hypothesis, meaning that adoption of a policy was conditional on the empowerment of the NDRC or the NDRC’s approval of another bureaucratic actor’s empowerment. The rules of the game hypothesis was more difficult to measure, yet three core strategies were observed: use of guanxi networks, public communication and inter-ministerial lobbying. The European Union took the role of an agenda setter, as the EU’s own behaviour and policy promotion could not have been replaced by any other actor’s, say by climate policy approaches advocated by the United States or Australia. The chapter outlines the causal mechanisms for climate policy adoption as well as three types of turf dynamics:: claim, competition and transition.
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