Convenience Triangle in White-Collar Crime
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Convenience Triangle in White-Collar Crime

Case Studies of Fraud Examinations

Petter Gottschalk

The ‘convenience triangle’ is the dynamic relationship between motive, opportunity, and willingness to commit a crime, which culminates in the illegal acts which constitute white-collar crime. This book aims to discuss the role of the ‘convenience triangle’ in white-collar crime, how it affects the perpetration of these crimes, the impact of this on detection and prevention and the effects of the punitive measures taken against white-collar criminals.
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Chapter 5: Convenience triangle in crime

Petter Gottschalk


The purpose of this chapter is to illustrate the potential relationships between motives, opportunities, and willingness to commit financial crime by white-collar offenders. We apply the theory of convenience to study six cases that link three constructs concerned with white-collar crime. For example, a strong motive for illegal profit or a strong willingness to commit financial crime can lead to opportunity expansion in an organizational context. The theory of convenience suggests that financial crime is a convenient option for white-collar offenders when there is an economical motive, an organizational opportunity, and a personal willingness.

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