Commodities and People, Capital, Information and Technology
Chapter 4: Airports and airplanes
This chapter is devoted to the global mobility of individuals, mainly through tourism. It begins with a review of the history of the airline industry, culminating with the emergence of low-cost airlines, on the one hand, and airline hubs and huge airports, on the other. These two trends are interpreted as being simultaneously facilitators and consequences of the vast growth in the global movement of people. The chapter further outlines the general features of the global air transport system, and it discusses the factors, processes and patterns for airport development, the internal structure of airports, international airports and their cities, and airline networks and systems. The chapter then moves to a comparative discussion of the global positionalities of airports and container ports, thus connecting and comparing maritime ports and airports. The final dimension, elaborated in this chapter, is the environmental effects of airports.
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