Show Less
You do not have access to this content

Austerity, Retrenchment and the Welfare State

Truth or Fiction?

Bent Greve

Are we living in an age of permanent austerity? In this insightful book, Bent Greve provides a comprehensive empirical analysis of welfare states since 2000, exploring the ways by which austerity can be measured and quantified. Through detailed comparative analysis between states, this book dissects the implementation of economic retrenchment, its extent and impact in Europe.
Show Summary Details
This content is available to you

Index

Bent Greve

active labour market policy 8283, 8789
administration costs 100101
age 64, 109, 143, 146
asymmetric growth 5, 153
austerity 12, 1422
consensus 3, 15
partial 62
permanent 59
populist 155, 160
Austria 40, 48, 52, 127, 133, 142152
average production worker 71
Baltic counties 29, 40, 44, 48, 57, 59, 70
Baumol’s disease 34, 144
Belgium 40, 48, 52, 91, 103, 127, 142152
benefit levels 19
benefits in-cash and in-kind 2, 30, 33, 114, 128129
Beveridgean basic pension 67
“Big Society” 20
Bismarckian 22
blame avoidance 14, 17, 126
blame-avoidance strategies 20
bogus self-employment 83
budget deficit 6
Bulgaria 40, 52, 66, 69, 85, 119, 142152, 158
business cycle 57, 83, 98
Canada 71, 101, 157
cash for care 111
children in poverty 133136
citizenship 94
civil society 20, 111, 118, 122
comparative analysis 3, 34
compare 3
conditionality 5, 133, 159
continental countries 40, 48, 57, 59, 67, 70
contributions 64, 67
convergence 44, 128, 133, 159
cost business 4547
cost-containment 16, 64, 68, 95, 101
credit claiming 14, 23
crisis in welfare states 1
crowds-in 32, 55, 74
crowds-out 32, 55
Cyprus 40, 52, 68, 71, 95, 9798, 103, 111, 128, 142152
Czech Republic 40, 46, 48, 52, 71, 8587, 99, 115, 142152
data choice of 2
day-care 9, 15, 33
decay 67
definition 2122, 74
defunding 22, 44, 147, 153, 155, 160
demographic changes 4, 16, 18, 33, 54, 6465, 95, 98, 110, 117, 143, 147, 155, 159
Denmark 22, 40, 44, 52, 6669, 71, 97, 111, 127, 142152
dependent variable problem 5, 2829
deprivation 133
deservingness 23, 110, 150, 155, 159
Eastern European welfare states 29, 40, 44, 46, 48, 52, 57, 59, 70, 103, 111, 119, 130
economic crisis 14
economic growth 144, 160
economic schools 18
education 54
eligibility criteria 65
employment 8289, 118
equality 21, 32, 118
ESS (European Social Survey) 6, 41, 47, 109
ESSPROSS 6, 54
Estonia 40, 46, 48, 52, 71, 96, 142152
European Pillar of Social Rights 109
European Quality of Life 103
Eurostat 30
fairness 45
family life 7, 109
financial crisis 1, 4, 17, 43, 55, 67, 143
financing 6, 22, 41, 110
Finland 40, 44, 142152
fiscal welfare 19, 32, 42
fixed or running prices 5, 2930, 146
fixed versus variable cost 5, 28, 3334, 143
flexicurity 88
France 40, 48, 48, 52, 99, 127, 142152
free-movement of workers 14
frozen landscape 4, 22, 158
game-changer 20
GDP 3132, 43, 144145
gini coefficient 127
generosity 29
Germany 19, 40, 4546, 48, 52, 67, 98, 142152
globalization and internationalization 14, 16, 42
Greece 17, 40, 4344, 52, 59, 69, 71, 89, 9698, 103, 114, 119, 128, 130, 133, 142152, 156, 158
gross replacement rate 7173
health care 67, 33, 57, 94105, 110, 117, 126, 143146, 150
health technology assessment 102
healthy ageing 117118, 158
hedonic treadmill 154
hidden changes 32, 71
Hungary 40, 4546, 48, 52, 59, 71, 8587, 95, 99, 142152
ideas 4, 159
ideology 18, 41
incentives 42, 55, 87
income tax system 71
income transfers 143
incremental changes 22
indexation 22, 30, 65, 70
inequality 42, 94, 104, 125137, 143, 146, 151, 155
inequality and poverty 8, 22, 146, 150
inflation 30
insiders 89
Ireland 40, 46, 48, 52, 71, 97, 99, 111, 128, 142152
Italy 40, 48, 52, 59, 69, 71, 85, 98, 115, 130, 133, 142152, 158
Keynesian 17, 160
labour market 8289, 109, 118
protection 82
later retirement 65, 71, 74
Latvia 40, 52, 99, 103, 142152
legitimacy 59, 155
liberal welfare states 4, 40, 48, 82, 147, 159
life expectancy 101, 117118
Lithuania 40, 48, 52, 85, 127, 142152
long-term care 7, 33, 109120, 145, 148
loss aversion 154
Luxembourg 40, 52, 97, 130, 142152, 158
luxury goods 153154
macro-data 53, 62, 157
Malta 40, 52, 71, 142152
market-failures 1415
marketization 122, 157
maturation 69
means-testing 64
measuring change 5, 28, 130, 142146, 157
methodology 3, 29, 3235
middle class 8, 42, 133
migrant workers 111
minimum income 84
mortality 101
need 114, 118, 143
neoliberal 12, 1314
Netherlands 40, 46, 52, 69, 87, 97, 99, 101, 111, 130, 133, 142152
net replacement rate 66, 7273
net social spending 54
new medicine 28
new public management 18
Nordic countries 40, 43, 4748, 57, 59, 67, 82
occupational welfare 19, 32, 66, 69, 88
OECD 1, 30
overall spending 29, 36, 147
paradox of redistribution 133
PAYG 5, 19
pension reform 8, 64, 70
pensions 5, 32, 6476, 100, 118, 127, 143, 147, 159
permanent austerity 2, 8, 21, 89, 142152, 158
Pierson 1415, 160
platforms economy 83
Poland 40, 46, 48, 52, 142152
policy communication 20
political economy 17
populism 3, 14, 110, 150, 155, 159
Portugal 40, 4647, 52, 59, 98, 103, 142152
poverty 3, 14, 82, 125137
pressure group 154, 161
prevention 28, 36, 117
principal-agent theory 18
productivity 34, 110, 144145, 154
professionals’ knowledge 35
progressive taxation 42, 128
prospect theory 18
public goods 44
public sector debt 18, 49
public sector deficit 17, 22, 41
purchasing power parities 21, 32
quality of life 126
quality of the service 28, 3435, 98, 101, 114, 119
recalibration 16, 64, 68
race to the bottom 16
re-commodification 16, 64
redistributive 47, 65, 126
rehabilitation 117
relative deprivation 15
replacement rates 2, 7, 19, 30, 32, 36, 65, 6974, 8386, 93, 143, 150, 159
restricted austerity 8
retirement age 6869
retrenchment 12, 1422, 142152
risk pooling 107
risk prevention 66
Romania 40, 52, 66, 87, 118, 142152, 158
self-interest 88
segmentation 88
singular retrenchment 21
Slovakia 40, 52, 71, 95, 103, 142152
Slovenia 40, 46, 52, 142152
social assistance 84
social capital 83
social cohesion 126, 130
social expenditure 17, 21, 5557, 68
social investment 13, 15, 20, 36, 47, 122, 137
social mobility 126
social policy 21
social protection 31, 58, 6061
social rights 29
social security benefits 135
Southern Europe 4, 17, 29, 4344, 57, 70, 82, 100, 103, 111, 119, 145, 147, 159
Spain 40, 45, 48, 52, 89, 97, 127, 130, 133, 142152
spending on welfare 8
standard of living 7, 19, 21, 71, 74, 148
structural shifts 22
supplementary pension 69
Sweden 40, 44, 46, 48, 52, 8587, 101, 103, 111, 127, 130, 142152
systemic retrenchment 147
targeting 133
tax policy 22, 127
taxation 8, 4149, 55, 128, 146, 148, 160
taxes and duties 4149, 57, 125
technological innovation 127
transaction cost theory 18
undeserving 84
unemployment 5, 7, 57, 82, 143
benefits 8286, 150, 159
United Kingdom 20, 29, 40, 46, 48, 52, 6667, 71, 101, 114, 142152
universality 94
unmet needs 102103
US 17, 100
user charges 9495, 98
user satisfaction 101
voters’ perceptions 41, 130
Wagner’s Law 34, 144
wealth 143144
welfare 41
welfare attitudes 4, 47
welfare chauvinism 2
welfare regimes 6, 29, 40, 43
welfare states 1719, 83, 109, 125, 152156
definition of 21
welfare technology 36, 117, 145, 158
willing to pay taxes and duties 45
window of opportunity 17, 143, 159
work-fare 88
work–life balance 41
work quality 35