Chapter 2: “The great transformation”: three major ruptures
The modern international system, sprung from the Westphalia treaties, has been strongly impacted by three “great transformations” which have totally questioned its main structures, as well as its capacities. Decolonization has deeply challenged its Western identity, as well as the main traditional categories of international law and international relations theory; globalization has disturbed its interstate configuration; while the fall of the Berlin wall has initiated a depolarization which outdates many paradigms of the traditional theories shaped during the Cold War. The chapter focuses on this crisis of the concepts, and also on their amazing resilience. It also discusses new perspectives (on culture and IR, on imported states, and on new approaches to globalization).
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