Chapter 7: New wars, new peace
The traditional – and old-fashioned – vision of war (from Clausewitz to Morgenthau) is deeply questioned by the “new international conflicts” (NICs). Beyond this revisited conception of war, this chapter takes into account, more broadly, the new international violence, its social nature and its social roots, as well as what is commonly called “terrorism” that here is investigated though the concept of “violence entrepreneur.” The discussion shows that war is no longer a competition of power, but a “competition of weakness,” as its main factors have to be found in the weakness of the states, of the nations and of the social bonds inside the societies which are involved in the new conflicts. In a dangerous way, these new wars are also creating new kinds of integration, resulting in sustainable “war societies.” Obviously, they strongly challenge the traditional ways of conflict-solving.
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