Chapter 8: New diplomacies
In spite of the resilience of the old states, we are now far from the well-known “Westphalian diplomacy” which is more and more removed from the “new diplomatic game.” Non-state actors have their “private diplomacy” and their own game, while the main issues which are at stake on the international agenda are far from the traditional duality constituted by “war and peace” or “the diplomat and the soldier.” In this perspective, states are pushed to follow new “social routes” for adapting their foreign action to the new challenges. Bilateralism which was formerly the main core of diplomatic interventions is presently challenged by multilateralism, in spite of the old state sovereign culture.
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