Chapter 2 looks at the border between Thailand and Malaysia, where violent conflict has been ongoing for more than 50 years. Insurgency groups like the Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN) are fighting for independence. While this conflict experienced a spike in violence around 2007, hundreds of mainly small attacks continue to take place every year. In addition to the conflict, the border is home also to a vibrant smuggling economy. It is a major regional transit route for the smuggling of licit goods and illicit goods, including drugs. Often, these activities happen before the eyes of the security forces.