Chapter 3: Addressing inequality
Chapter 3 asks how the problem of inequality can be addressed. It makes the case for egalitarianism which it defines as the advocacy of policies that promote social justice. The role of redistribution in achieving egalitarianism is examined and the views of those who vigorously oppose the use of redistribution for this purpose are discussed. Their arguments are countered by an understanding of the benefits of egalitarianism, including its positive moral, social, political and economic effects. Although it is often argued that a commitment to equality undermines freedom and harms economic growth, the chapter contends that equality has many benefits. Policies that promote equality include the enforcement of legal rights, the realization of opportunities and the achievement of equitable outcomes. The chapter contends that they need to be linked to wider interventions that promote economic growth and raise standards of living.
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