Chapter 5: The historical evolution of social protection
Chapter 5 provides an historical overview of the evolution of social protection tracing the emergence of the first social assistance programs and discussing the history of social insurance, employer mandates and universal benefits. It discusses the expansion of social protection in the nineteenth century when the first statutory social insurance programs were introduced and when social assistance was expanded. The role of the International Labour Organization (ILO) in promoting social security is examined. It then traces the remarkable expansion of social protection in the Global South since the 1990s which has now been recognized as an effective way of alleviating poverty and achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.
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