Inequality, Social Protection and Social Justice
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Inequality, Social Protection and Social Justice

James Midgley

This thought-provoking book examines the role of social protection in reducing inequality and enhancing social justice. It assesses social protection’s impact on inequality in different parts of the world and shows that if carefully designed, adequately funded and effectively implemented, it can make a significant contribution to reducing income, gender and other forms of inequality. In this way, it can promote egalitarian ideals and enhance social justice.
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Chapter 5: The historical evolution of social protection

James Midgley


Chapter 5 provides an historical overview of the evolution of social protection tracing the emergence of the first social assistance programs and discussing the history of social insurance, employer mandates and universal benefits. It discusses the expansion of social protection in the nineteenth century when the first statutory social insurance programs were introduced and when social assistance was expanded. The role of the International Labour Organization (ILO) in promoting social security is examined. It then traces the remarkable expansion of social protection in the Global South since the 1990s which has now been recognized as an effective way of alleviating poverty and achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.

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