Chapter 7: Social protection and redistribution
Chapter 7 examines the concept of redistribution which it points out requires proactive, redistributive interventions that modify the allocation of primary goods through the market or traditional arrangements. However, it shows that redistribution involves complex resource flows which do not always promote equality. These different redistributive effects are examined with reference to different types of social protection schemes, and their impact on income as well as gender and other forms of inequality are discussed. The chapter then reviews empirical evidence concerning the way social protection in different countries (Brazil, South Africa and the United States) currently redistributes resources. Although limited, research on the redistributive impact of social assistance, social insurance, universal allowances, mandates and other schemes in different parts of the world are summarized.
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