Inequality, Social Protection and Social Justice
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Inequality, Social Protection and Social Justice

James Midgley

This thought-provoking book examines the role of social protection in reducing inequality and enhancing social justice. It assesses social protection’s impact on inequality in different parts of the world and shows that if carefully designed, adequately funded and effectively implemented, it can make a significant contribution to reducing income, gender and other forms of inequality. In this way, it can promote egalitarian ideals and enhance social justice.
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Chapter 7: Social protection and redistribution

James Midgley


Chapter 7 examines the concept of redistribution which it points out requires proactive, redistributive interventions that modify the allocation of primary goods through the market or traditional arrangements. However, it shows that redistribution involves complex resource flows which do not always promote equality. These different redistributive effects are examined with reference to different types of social protection schemes, and their impact on income as well as gender and other forms of inequality are discussed. The chapter then reviews empirical evidence concerning the way social protection in different countries (Brazil, South Africa and the United States) currently redistributes resources. Although limited, research on the redistributive impact of social assistance, social insurance, universal allowances, mandates and other schemes in different parts of the world are summarized.

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