Inequality, Social Protection and Social Justice
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Inequality, Social Protection and Social Justice

James Midgley

This thought-provoking book examines the role of social protection in reducing inequality and enhancing social justice. It assesses social protection’s impact on inequality in different parts of the world and shows that if carefully designed, adequately funded and effectively implemented, it can make a significant contribution to reducing income, gender and other forms of inequality. In this way, it can promote egalitarian ideals and enhance social justice.
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Chapter 8: Towards egalitarian social protection

James Midgley


Chapter 8 asks how social protection’s role in promoting equality can be enhanced. Affirming a normative commitment to a rights-based egalitarian approach, it proposes that a centralized social protection agency with authority and adequate resources be established to manage the social protection system and initiate a long-term planning process that coordinates different schemes. It should ensure that the country’s social protection system is appropriate to local economic and social conditions and take the lead in addressing the challenges facing social protection. Extending coverage so that the whole population is included should be given high priority. Universal rather than selective schemes should be prioritized and discriminatory practices that negatively affect women, ethnic minorities, immigrants and others must be eliminated. To promote social justice, governments should ensure that social protection is inclusive, adequate and efficient, and available to all as a right of citizenship.

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