Chapter 8: Towards egalitarian social protection
Chapter 8 asks how social protection’s role in promoting equality can be enhanced. Affirming a normative commitment to a rights-based egalitarian approach, it proposes that a centralized social protection agency with authority and adequate resources be established to manage the social protection system and initiate a long-term planning process that coordinates different schemes. It should ensure that the country’s social protection system is appropriate to local economic and social conditions and take the lead in addressing the challenges facing social protection. Extending coverage so that the whole population is included should be given high priority. Universal rather than selective schemes should be prioritized and discriminatory practices that negatively affect women, ethnic minorities, immigrants and others must be eliminated. To promote social justice, governments should ensure that social protection is inclusive, adequate and efficient, and available to all as a right of citizenship.
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