Chapter 2: The myth of progressive taxation
Progressive rates of taxes are considered fair by many people because they mean that those who have more have to pay more. It is already the case when taxes are proportional (for instance to incomes), tax rates are then the same for all taxpayers. Progressive rates mean on the contrary that there is no an equality of rates between all taxpayers, which must be considered unfair. Progressivity of tax rates must not only be considered unfair, but also harmful (and it may be harmful because it is creating unfair inequalities). In fact, progressivity is destroying productive incentives and punishing particularly those who are the most able to create economic resources, for instance by working a lot, by being great innovators, or by taking charge of economic risks. As all people are complementary in production, all suffer from a tax system which is destroying the productive incentives of some of them, particularly those who contribute the most to production.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.