abatement. A method or process that controls or reduces discharges and emissions of pollutants. ability-to-pay principle. The notion that publicly provided goods and services should be financed on the basis of what people are able to pay. See willingness to pay. abiotic factors. Non-living components of the natural environment. absolute advantage. The notion that an individual, f or country is m able to produce more of or a better product using identical quantities of inputs than others. See comparative advantage (theory o j . absolute zero. The lowest possible temperature defined as 0" Kelvin or - 273°C. absorption. The process whereby a substance is assimilated and retained by another. absorptive capacity. The maximum amount that can be absorbed by a substance, such as the absorptive capacity of soil for water. abundance. A measure of the number of individuals, or groups of individuals, in a given population. abyssal. A zone under the ocean where there is no sunlight and that is commonly defined as being deeper than 2000 meters. acceleration principle. A hypothesis that investment varies with the rate of change in output in an economy. access right. A property right that entitles the holder of the right access or entry to a natural resource or environmental asset, such as an entry permit to a National Park. acclimatization. The physiological and behavioral, but not genetic, adaptations of flora and fauna due to changes in the environment. See adaptation. 1 2 acidic acidic. A substance which has a low pH value. SeepH....
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