KalahariSands. Aeolian sands of Quartenary origin that are found from Southern AEca north into the Republic of Congo. Kaldor Potential Compensation. One social state is preferred to another if there exists another third state that could be reached after making the move to that state, and that third state is Pareto superior to the initial state (the potential state that could be reached is preferred by all parties to the initial state). There is no assurance, however, that this third state will be reached and this criterion can lead to contradictory results. kaolinite. A clay derived from the weathering of feldspar-rich rocks, usually under acidic conditions in humid tropical soils. katabatic wind. A downward air-flow in a valley caused by cooling at higher altitudes at night-time. kelp. Large and often fast-growing marine plants that serve as important habitat for marine organisms. Kelvin scale. A temperature scale named after the British scientist Lord Kelvin. Each degree Kelvin is equivalent to one degree on the Celsius scale but the scale starts at 0 at absolute zero or -273 degrees Celsius. keystone species. A dominant species in an environment such that its removal has an important impact on all other species. kilogram. Metric measure of mass that equals 2.204 pounds in the imperial measure. kilometer. Metric measure of distance that equals 0.621 of a mile. kinetic energy. The energy of an object in motion. It depends on its mass and velocity. kingdom. Broadest classification of organisms that includes the animal, plant, fungi, monera...
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