Sustainable Forest Management and Global Climate Change
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Sustainable Forest Management and Global Climate Change

Selected Case Studies from the Americas

Edited by Mohammed H.I. Dore and Rubén Guevara

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change recognises that, in the formulation of a global strategy for reducing global emissions of carbon (the main factor in global warming) forests could play an important role. This book highlights that role and demonstrates how the forests of the world may be harvested judiciously and sustainably. The authors argue that the forests are more than just a source of timber and wood; they discuss the role that forests play in reducing global warming, in preventing soil erosion and in helping to minimise the loss of biodiversity. Drawing on the expertise of contributors associated with the analysis of forests, this book is an in depth and fascinating discussion as well as a policy guide for the sustainable management of forests.
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Chapter 6: Agriculture versus forestry in northern Saskatchewan

Mohammed Dore, Surendra N. Kulshreshtha and Mark Johnston


1 Mohammed Dore, Surendra N. Kulshreshtha and Mark Johnston INTRODUCTION Background The province of Saskatchewan is a major grain and oilseed-producing region of Canada. Much of this production, however, is destined for export, to eastern Canada and Europe in the earlier part of the 20th century, and to Far East Asian countries in the more recent period. Increased demand for Canadian grains, and relative shortage of land in the southern belt of the grain-producing regions, led to the movement of agriculture northwards. Such expansion was also facilitated by several policies of the various levels of government. Major policies would include settlement policies, where almost free land was given to prospective settlers, and the subsidy for transporting grain and oilseeds to various export locations, known as the Crowsnest Pass Agreement Rates. Other polices, such as fuel rebates and quota systems, also provided encouragement to agricultural production in the northern belt of the grain-producing region. Settlement of western Canada and, in particular, northern Saskatchewan, witnessed the opening up of some 4 million hectares of previously uncultivated lands, some of which were under forests and other natural vegetation. Much of this land was cleared in the early part of the 20th century in response to short-term high prices of grain in the international grain market. Much of the agricultural activity on the marginal lands was made profitable only under agricultural subsidies noted above. It is the contention of this study that such actions were not socially optimal, particularly in light of present-day...

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