Selected Case Studies from the Americas
Edited by Mohammed H.I. Dore and Rubén Guevara
Chapter 8: The Canadian Model Forest Program: a case study of the Saskatchewan model forest
1 Surendra N. Kulshreshtha INTRODUCTION The forest in many ways symbolizes Canada, from the earliest times when its inhabitants depended upon it for basic needs. Even today, forests cover half of Canada’s landscape. Extending over some 453 million hectares of land, forests are a dominant feature of Canada’s economy, its culture, traditions and history (CCFM, 1992, p. 1). The economic importance of this sector in Canada can be seen in terms of annual sales of $26 billion, and the employment of one out of 16 workers in Canada. In the international context, Canada also occupies a place of prominence, since almost 10 per cent of the world’s forests are located here. The Canadian Model Forest Program was designed to show leadership to the international community in matters related to forest management. As noted by Natural Resources Canada (1996, p. 7), ‘the years leading up to 1993 had seen an increasing interest in the forests of the globe, perhaps best illustrated by the media coverage of issues related to forest management and the environment’. The federal government further noted that the eyes of the world were turning towards forest nations, including Canada, for charting the course of future forest management avenues. Among various initiatives that were undertaken, development of the Model Forest Program is perhaps the most signiﬁcant, and also the one for which Canada is most renowned internationally. The major objective of this chapter is to review Canada’s Model Forest Program, with particular reference to a detailed study of...
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