Business Leadership and Culture
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Business Leadership and Culture

National Management Styles in the Global Economy

Björn Bjerke

How do business leaders think as a result of their national culture? This book provides a discussion and comparative analysis of five major cultures – American, Arab, Chinese, Japanese and Scandinavian – and how they reveal themselves in business practice.
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Chapter 9: A Comparative Analysis and Interpretation

Björn Bjerke


Page 218 9—  A Comparative Analysis and Interpretation Culture Looks at Culture Five different cultures and some of their manifestations in the context of business leadership have been discussed in some detail. As one illustration of the results of this  study the following Table 9.1 could be constructed. Table 9.1 Comparative analysis of five different cultures   Americans Arabs Americans — (as) work­  oriented (as) patronizing (as) direct (as) profit­centred Arabs (as) ritualistic — Chinese (as) controlling (as) callous — (as) power­centred (as) secretive Japanese (as) formal (as) consentient (as) participative — (as) sexist Scandinavians (as) careful (as) egalitarian (as) environmental (as) matter­of­fact — Chinese Japanese Scandinavians (as) religious (as) pushy (as) rhetorical It is important to understand that this table is to be interpreted as a typified picture. For example: • the Chinese (as a type) look at the Japanese (as a type) as (too) participative; • Americans (as a type) look at the Arabs as (too) ritualistic, the Chinese as (too) controlling, the Japanese as (too) formal, and the Scandinavians as (too) careful (all  as types); or    Page 219 • Americans look at the Chinese (as a type) as (too) controlling, the Arabs look at them as (too) callous, the Japanese look at them as (too) power­centred, and the  Scandinavians look at them as (too) secretive (all as types). Culture and Capitalism It is clear that five different types of capitalism rule our five cultures, that is: 1. America = shareholder capitalism 2. Arabia = neo­traditionalist capitalism 3. China = family capitalism 4. Japan...

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