Social Integration Through Transitional Labour Markets
- Labour Markets and Employment Policy series
Edited by Jacqueline O’Reilly, Inmaculada Cebrián and Michel Lallement
Chapter 6: Transitions through part-time work in Spain and the United Kingdom: a route into secure employment?
6. Transitions through part-time work in Spain and the United Kingdom: a route into secure employment?1 Mark Smith, Inmaculada Cebrián, María A. Davia, Virginia Hernanz and Miguel A. Malo Part-time work has been one of the most signiﬁcant factors in the expansion of employment in many EU countries over recent years, while the levels and shares of full-time employment have tended to fall. The expansion of part-time work has been regarded in some countries as a solution, or at least a partial solution, to high levels of unemployment (Bollé 1997). Although this position implicitly accepts the premise that economies do not have sufﬁcient capacities to create jobs for all those who want work, part-time work can, nevertheless, provide access to the labour market for a greater share of the population (Smith et al. 1998). However, for the promotion of part-time jobs to be effective with respect to the policy goals of increasing the level of employment and improving access to employment, such jobs need to be open to all sections of the labour market and provide stable employment or a stepping stone to other jobs. It is widely documented that part-time work is dominated by women and that where men are in part-time jobs they tend to be either at the beginning or end of their working lives and have access to another form of income (Delsen 1998). However, less is known about the stability and dynamic processes of part-time work, particularly in a comparative...
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