A Non-Orthodox Analysis
Chapter 8: The Viability of an Ageing Society: A Classical Exploration
8. The Viability of an Ageing Society: A Classical Exploration It seems to be correct to begin with the real and the concrete, with the real precondition, thus to begin, in economics, with for example the population, which is the foundation and the subject of the entire social act of production. However, on a closer examination this proves false. The population is an abstraction if I leave out, for example, the classes of which it is composed. These classes are in turn an empty phrase if I am not familiar with the elements on which they rest. For example, wage labour, capital, etc. The latter in turn presuppose exchange, division of labour, prices, etc. For example, capital is nothing without wage labour, without value, money, prices etc. Thus, if I were to begin with population, this would be a chaotic conception of the whole, and I would then, by means of further determination, move analytically towards ever more simple concepts, from the imagined concrete towards ever thinner abstractions until I had arrived at the population again, but this time not as a chaotic conception of a whole, but as a rich total of many determinations and relations. (Marx, [1857–58] 1973, p. 100) 8.1 INTRODUCTION The final chapter explores from a classical point of view the future of social security organized along PAYG lines in an ageing society. Rather than presenting definite results, the chapter may better be regarded as a bridge to future research. The preceding chapters have shown...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.