Edited by Michael Zanko
Ruslan Prijadi and Riani Rachmawati ECONOMY CONTEXT Geograpby Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago lying between mainland Asia and Australia. Extending between latirudes 6 degrees north and 11 degrees south and longitudes 94 degrees west and 141 degrees east, it links the Pacific Ocean in the cast and the Indian Ocean in the west. It consists of 17,508 islands and islets, and including the surrouodiogwaters has a total area of about 10 million km, or approximately the size of the United States. The five biggest islands are Kalimantan, Sumatra, Irian Jaya, Sulawesi and Java. Because the greater part of the country falls within the boundaries of the equatorial tropical rain belt, Indonesia bas a characteristically tropical climate. Abundant rainfall, high average temperatures (25-27 degrees C) and a high degree of humidity (60--91 per cent) characterize the average Indonesia lowland climate. There are two seasons: the 'dry' from May to September and the 'wet' or 'rainy' from October to April. Most areas, however, experience some rain throughout the year. The driest month is August and tbe wettest is Marcb. In 1996, the population of Indonesia was an estimated 194.8 million; its annual average growth rate was approximately 2.0 per cent in the previous decade. The country is the fourth most populous in tbe world after Cbina, India and the United States of America. The projected population is expected to be 222.8 million in 2005. Due to successful family p lanning programmes promoted by the government since 1970, tbere has been...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.