The Handbook of Human Resource Management Policies and Practices in
                Asia-Pacific Economies
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The Handbook of Human Resource Management Policies and Practices in Asia-Pacific Economies

Volume 1

Edited by Michael Zanko

The aim of the Handbook and its systematically codified economy human resource management (HRM) profiles is to improve knowledge and understanding of HRM policy and practices in the Asia-Pacific region.
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Chapter 6: Indonesia

Ruslan Prijadi and Riani Rachmawati


Ruslan Prijadi and Riani Rachmawati ECONOMY CONTEXT Geograpby Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago lying between mainland Asia and Australia. Extending between latirudes 6 degrees north and 11 degrees south and longitudes 94 degrees west and 141 degrees east, it links the Pacific Ocean in the cast and the Indian Ocean in the west. It consists of 17,508 islands and islets, and including the surrouodiogwaters has a total area of about 10 million km, or approximately the size of the United States. The five biggest islands are Kalimantan, Sumatra, Irian Jaya, Sulawesi and Java. Because the greater part of the country falls within the boundaries of the equatorial tropical rain belt, Indonesia bas a characteristically tropical climate. Abundant rainfall, high average temperatures (25-27 degrees C) and a high degree of humidity (60--91 per cent) characterize the average Indonesia lowland climate. There are two seasons: the 'dry' from May to September and the 'wet' or 'rainy' from October to April. Most areas, however, experience some rain throughout the year. The driest month is August and tbe wettest is Marcb. In 1996, the population of Indonesia was an estimated 194.8 million; its annual average growth rate was approximately 2.0 per cent in the previous decade. The country is the fourth most populous in tbe world after Cbina, India and the United States of America. The projected population is expected to be 222.8 million in 2005. Due to successful family p lanning programmes promoted by the government since 1970, tbere has been...

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