Studies in Modelling and Decision Support
Edited by M. A. Quaddus and M. A.B. Siddique
Chapter 5: Decision Support for Environmental Disaster Planning
Aybüke Aurum, Meliha Handzic and Christine Van Toorn Introduction Sustainable development has become one of the major concerns for policy makers and planners in both developed and developing parts of the world (Leman-Stefanovic, 2000). It gained prominence particularly after two important events: the publication of the 1987 WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development) report Our Common Future and the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro where many governments pledged to make development sustainable by the beginning of the new millennium (Moffatt and Hanley, 2001). While sustainability of development is widely recognized as an important goal for international and national policy-makers, the concept still remains difﬁcult to deﬁne or measure. WCED views sustainability in terms of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Other deﬁnitions are more encompassing and emphasize the multidimensional aspects of the concept. For the sake of easier analysis, some researchers have broken down sustainability into ecological – land, water, air, and biodiversity – and human inputs – economical, social, educational and political (Phillis and Andriantiatsaholingiaina, 2001). Others, such as Quaddus and Siddique (2001), have classiﬁed it into economic (production, expenditure and income), social (health, nutrition and women) and environmental (ﬂoods, forests, wastes, water, fertilizers and air) levels. These components are usually treated individually and then combined into an overall measure. Given the inherently vague and complex nature of the sustainability concept, it is not surprising that planners and policy-makers are increasingly faced with...
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