Studies of Urbanization and Migration in Advanced and Developing Countries
Edited by H. S. Geyer
Chapter 17: Urbanization and the redistribution of population in Brazil: recent changes and trends
] R. Baeninger INTRODUCTION Over the last thirty years Brazil has experienced a relatively high urban population growth rate which contributed, on the one hand, to the development of large metropolitan areas and, on the other hand, to the expansion of a diversified national urban network. The latter has led to the acceleration of growth in regional and sub-regional centres and, at the same time, a slowdown in population growth in the large urban centres in recent years. Until the 1970s the urbanization process and the process of spatial redistribution of the Brazilian population were characterized by accelerated growth in mainly the large cities and metropolitan areas. However, since the 1980s the growth of these cities has slowed down significantly while other areas have started to attract migrants. In recent years, the urban system has been reshaped by a new wave of population redistribution, a complex pattern of interaction between cities which has led to the emergence of new metropolitan areas and the formation of nonThis paper is a product of the sub-project 'Migration, Urbanisation and Environment in the New Axis of the State of Szio Paulo: the Tiete-Parana Waterway', with the support of National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) - process number 520045/00-9 - and of the project 'Population Redistribution and Environment in Szio Paulo and the Centre West' (PRONEX), currently underway in the Population Studies Center (NEPOUNICAMP). ' 455 456 International Handbook of Urban Systems metropolitan urban agglomerations in the ‘interior’ of the country. In the process...
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