In May of 1990 I met Richard Florida at a conference in Montreal, Canada on ‘Networks of Innovators’. Over lunch Richard and I sketched out an idea for a research agenda on regional innovation. I had not previously considered doing research on regional innovation but was intrigued by developments in the 1980s that had a regional focus. Two graduate students that I had the pleasure of working with over the years, Maryann Feldman at Carnegie Mellon University and Attila Varga at West Virginia University made the ensuing research possible. Adam Jaffe was the first to identify the extent to which university research spills over into the generation of commercial activity. His statistical results provided evidence that corporate patent activity responds positively to commercial spillovers from university research. Building on Jaffe’s work Feldman (1994) expanded the knowledge production function to innovative activity and incorporated aspects of the regional knowledge infrastructure. She found that innovative activity is conditioned by the knowledge infrastructure, and responds favorably to spillovers from university research at the state level, strengthening Jaffe’s findings. Attila Varga (1998) built on this solid foundation. His main concern was whether university-generated economic growth observed in certain regions and for selected industries can be achieved by other regions. He extends the Jaffe–Feldman approach by focusing on a more precise measure of local geographic spillovers. Varga approaches the issue of knowledge spillovers from an explicit spatial econometric perspective and for the first time implements the classic knowledge production function for 125 Metropolitan Statistical...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.