Handbook of Research on International Entrepreneurship
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Handbook of Research on International Entrepreneurship

Edited by Léo-Paul Dana

This unique reference book provides an array of diverse perspectives on international entrepreneurship, a new and emerging field of research that blends concepts and methodologies from more traditional social sciences. The Handbook includes chapters written by top researchers of economics and sociology, as well as academic leaders in the fields of entrepreneurship and international business. State-of-the-art contributions provide up-to-date literature reviews, making this book essential for the researcher of entrepreneurship and the internationalisation of entrepreneurs.
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Chapter 6: International Entrepreneurship and Chinese Business Research

Henry Wai-chung Yeung


Henry Wai-chung Yeung International entrepreneurship is a relatively new field of academic and policy pursuits, as testified in the chapters by leading scholars in this volume. In this emerging field, research attention has been largely placed on the internationalization of entrepreneurship in relation to new venture formation and the internationalization of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In one of the earliest contributions to international entrepreneurship, McDougall (1989; also McDougall et al., 1994; McDougall and Oviatt, 1996, 2000) focused almost exclusively on international new venture firms and compared their strategic behaviour and industry structure with domestic new ventures. Firm-specific and industry-specific factors were presented as the critical dimensions to explain and differentiate firm behaviour. There was neither a theoretical nor an empirical role given to individual entrepreneurs who have propelled the firms into an international arena. This is not surprising because, as recently as 1994, international entrepreneurship was still considered as an ‘even newer thrust of research activity’ in international business research (Wright and Ricks, 1994: 699). Moon and Peery (1997: 11) also argued that ‘Entrepreneurship is very important in international business. There are some noteworthy, new international ventures that, from inception, seek to derive significant competitive advantage from the use of resources and the sale of outputs in multiple countries.’ In this chapter I aim to take the argument further and propose the concept of ‘transnational entrepreneurship’ as the key to unite two separate fields of management studies: entrepreneurship research and international business research (see...

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