The Evolution of Path Dependence
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The Evolution of Path Dependence

Edited by Lars Magnusson and Jan Ottosson

The notion and interpretation of path dependence have been discussed and utilized in various social sciences during the last two decades. This innovative book provides significant new insights onto how the different applications of path dependence have developed and evolved. The authors suggest that there has been a definite evolution from applications of path dependence in the history of technology towards other fields of social science. They also discuss the various definitions of path dependence (strong or weak) and explore the potential applications of path dependence in new areas such as political economy and economic geography.
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Chapter 3: Revisiting Railway History: The Case of Institutional Change and Path Dependence

Lena Andersson-Skog


Lena Andersson-Skog INTRODUCTION Railway history shows us that railway construction and railway policy is usually fairly stable during time, because of more or less irreversible physical, economical and institutional factors which constrain possible future policy outcomes. The magnitude of the investment required to construct an integrated national or even international, transport system, contribute to this development. Here, the assumption of path dependence, that pre-existing institutional structures or former decisions influence later or contemporary policy outcomes, are close in explaining the outcome of institutions and performance. A least common denominator in a definition of a path-dependence approach would be that early developments have profound and disproportionate effects on later developments (Arthur, 1994; David, 1985, p. 332; North, 1990, p. 94; Pierson, 2004, p. 44ff). Many decisions become almost irreversible, because high transformation costs and vested interests rule out other, and in some cases more efficient, institutions or policies. All policy outcomes are thus not equally plausible. Some have claimed that the notion that past experience and behavior influences present or future outcomes is ‘as old as the writing of history’ (Mowery and Rosenberg, 1998, p. 170). Put as broadly as this, path dependence can only serve as a philosophical truism: history matters. From this point of view, the concept of path dependence has a somewhat deterministic ring to it, and the risk of ruling out the possibilities for historical contingencies and institutional change is obvious. The basic argument developed here, is that some of the significant fields to focus on in...

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